Lifestyle, medication and exercise can provide a cure
may be caused by undiagnosed physical illnesses, so people with those problems should seek medical advice, according to Sun, from Peking University Sixth Hospital.
“I received a patient who had experienced insomnia for many years for reasons that had been unclear. A scan showed an abnormal area of more than 5 centimeters in diameter in her brain, which was the major cause of her problem,” he said.
The woman was later referred to the neurological department for treatment.
Sleep disorders can occur at almost any age, but in general, women are more likely to experience insomnia, and most of the patients Sun sees are age 45 and older.
Guo Xiheng, director of the Respiratory and Sleep Medicine Center at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, said rising awareness of sleep disorders in recent years has seen a growing number of people seeking help at clinics, and the average age of patients is falling.
“In the past, most insomnia patients were middle aged or elderly, but now more young people are experiencing these problems,” he said.
Compared with seniors, whose sleep patterns deteriorate as a result of advancing years, sleep disorders in young people are more likely to be the result of bad lifestyle choices, such as staying up too late and irregular
Insomnia can produce many side effects, such as irritability, low spirits, slower response times and amnesia. It can also raise the risk of contracting a range of conditions, including a lower level of immunity, diabetes, heart disease and obesity.
In turn, physical conditions, including thyroid malfunction, aches and pains, and sleep apnea can cause insomnia. Mental issues such as depression, schizophrenia and becoming excessively tense can also cause chronic sleeplessness.
To cure the problem, it is important to consult a medical practitioner and discover the cause. For example, if insomnia is caused by depression, the problem can be alleviated with antidepressant medication and other treatments.
In addition to treating the underlying illnesses that cause insomnia, control of the emotions, such as maintaining a sleeping schedules, he said.
The report released by the Chinese Sleep Research Society last month showed that 31 percent of respondents said they needed more than 30 minutes to fall asleep.
Nearly 60 percent of those born after 1995 used smartphones for as long as 80 minutes before going to bed for activities such as chatting positive mental attitude and learning to release negative emotions, is also important.
Sleeping pills are one of the primary treatments for insomnia, along with other sedative drugs, but they must only be taken under the guidance of a doctor.
Patients must adhere to a series of rules when taking sleeping pills: Only take them when necessary, and reduce their use or stop taking them when the sleeping pattern improves. To prevent addiction, patients must not use the same type of sleeping pills over a long period.
In addition to medication, behavioral treatment is widely used to treat insomnia. For example, it is important for patients to rebuild the mental relationship between bed and rest by never using the bed for anything other than sleeping.
In addition, behavioral treatment and watching movies online, the report said.
Sun said people with sleep disorders may be offered a range of treatments, including psychotherapy, medication and even surgery if it is deemed necessary.
“Many illnesses can cause sleeping disorders, and they should be noted during diagnosis so they can be treated,” stresses the need to get up at the same time every day, including vacations and days off, and to avoid going to bed during the day.
Relaxation techniques, such as adopting a comfortable position, closing the eyes and taking deep breaths, can reduce physical and emotional tension before sleep.
A healthy lifestyle can also help to cure insomnia, including exercising for about 30 minutes five times a week.
However, heavy physical activity should be avoided for two hours before going to bed.
Patients should reduce consumption of tea and coffee, and avoid both stimulants for eight hours before sleep.
They should not rely on alcohol to help them fall asleep or engage in stimulating activities, such as watching action movies or listening to loud music, before bedtime. he said.
A prime treatment for insomnia is cognitive-behavior therapy, which includes fixed times for getting up and going to bed, avoiding afternoon naps and undertaking relaxation training.
A relatively new treatment involves transcranial magnetic stimulation, where special equipment is used to produce