Govt en­cour­ag­ing mi­grant work­ers to start own busi­nesses

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA - By SU ZHOU in Bei­jing and ZHU LIXIN in He­fei Con­tact the writ­ers at suzhou@chi­nadaily.com.cn

The gov­ern­ment will pro­vide train­ing to mi­grant work­ers as part of an ef­fort en­cour­ag­ing them to re­turn to theirhome­town­sand­start their own busi­nesses over the next five years, in hope of gen­er­at­ing more lo­cal jobs and alle­vi­at­ing poverty.

The Min­istry of Hu­man Re­sources and So­cial Security said it will take five years to lever­age the ca­pa­bil­i­ties of more than 277 mil­lion mi­grant work­ers to start busi­nesses through ed­u­ca­tion, vo­ca­tional train­ing, con­sul­ta­tion and financial sub­si­dies.

“We will tai­lor train­ing, es­tab­lish in­cu­ba­tors and pro­vide fol­low-up sup­port,” the min­istry said.

Busi­nesses with low thresh­olds are con­sid­ered the most suit­able choices, in­clud­ing vil­lage-themed tourism, tra­di­tional hand­i­crafts and farm prod­ucts.

Since the adop­tion of re­form and open­ing-up pol­icy in 1978, many peas­ants have left their vil­lages and farms to work at con­struc­tion sites, fac­to­ries and res­tau­rants in cities. La­bor­in­ten­sive in­dus­tries have ab­sorbed mil­lions of them and con­trib­uted to China’s fast devel­op­ment.

How­ever, as the coun­try seeks to tran­si­tion to an econ­omy led by con­sumer spend­ing and in­no­va­tion, they were also forced to re­flect on their ca­reer paths.

Ac­cord­ing to a report by the Chi­nese Academy of So­cial Sciences, more than 66 per­cent of polled mi­grant work­ers said they would like to re­turn to their home­towns.

mi­grant work­ers are ex­pected to get gov­ern­ment train­ing to set up their own busi­nesses in the next five years.

The top five rea­sons were age, unat­tended par­ents and chil­dren, lack of skills that em­ploy­ers needed, unat­tended farms and the lack of a sense of be­long­ing in cities.

Wang Zili, 46, from An­hui prov­ince, is a mi­grant worker who re­turned home. He had been tak­ing tem­po­rary jobs — mostly paint­ing — in sev­eral prov­inces and cities. He came up with the idea of do­ing busi­ness at home when he was em­ployed by an elec­tron­ics com­pany in Taizhou, Zhe­jiang prov­ince.

“I thoughtmy job was very easy and asked the boss whether I could take some ma­te­ri­als home and re­turn the fin­ished prod­ucts to the fac­tory. The boss agreed,” saidWang.

Wang re­turned to his home­town and es­tab­lished his own work­shop in 2012.

“Most of the work­ers are women, se­niors and the dis­abled left be­hind by men work­ing in the cities, while more and more men are re­turn­ing home,” saidWang.

Cui Chuanyi, a re­searcher with the Devel­op­ment Re­search Cen­ter of the State Coun­cil, said re­turn­ing mi­grant work­ers will cre­ate mil­lions of small and medium-sized en­ter­prises and help farm­ers to find jobs near their fam­i­lies.

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