In­ter­na­tional trade cor­ri­dor tested

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA - By LUO WANGSHU lu­owang­shu@chi­nadaily.

A pilot route to sim­plify in­ter­na­tional freight trans­porta­tion across China, Mon­go­lia and Rus­sia hit the road in Tian­jin on Thurs­day, aim­ing to boost eco­nomic co­op­er­a­tion and trade be­tween the coun­tries.

“The pilot trip is an ef­fec­tive trial to carry out the na­tions’ top strate­gic plans in the trans­porta­tion field, and also a move to deepen eco­nomic co­op­er­a­tion in the eco­nomic cor­ri­dor through China, Mon­go­lia and Rus­sia,” said Liu Xiaom­ing, vice-min­is­ter of trans­porta­tion, adding that the pilot trip will co­or­di­nate freight trans­porta­tion poli­cies and stan­dards in the eco­nomic cor­ri­dor, aim­ing to sim­plify freight trans­port pro­ce­dures along the route.

In July, China joined the TIR Con­ven­tion, an in­ter­na­tional sys­tem al­low­ing trans­porta­tion of au­tho­rized goods through mem­ber states with­out be­ing sub­ject to cus­toms in­spec­tions. It takes ef­fect on Jan 5. Rus­sia and Mon­go­lia are al­ready TIR mem­ber coun­tries.

The es­ti­mated seven-day trip cov­er­ing 2,152 kilo­me­ters will stop at 11 cities, in­clud­ing China’s border city Eren­hot, Mon­go­lia’s cap­i­tal Ulaan­baatar and Rus­sia’s Ulan-Ude.

A to­tal of nine trucks are par­tic­i­pat­ing in the trip — three each from China, Mon­go­lia and Rus­sia.

“It will be a mile­stone in our tri­lat­eral trans­porta­tion,” Liu said.

The route links China’s One Belt, One Road ini­tia­tive with Mon­go­lia’s Prairie Road pro­gram and Rus­sia’s transcon­ti­nen­tal rail plan.

“The new route will open the Mon­go­lian and Rus­sian mar­kets for us. For ex­am­ple, when the route opens, high value-added prod­ucts such as elec­tronic prod­ucts and trop­i­cal fruits can be trans­ported by road from South China, and even South­east Asian coun­tries, to Mon­go­lia and Rus­sia,” said Guo Xin, gen­eral man­ager of Nan­jing Xin­jin-hang Lo­gis­tic Co, which is par­tic­i­pat­ing in the pilot.

“Air cargo is very ex­pen­sive. Now elec­tronic prod­ucts from Sam­sung and Huawei are usu­ally sent to Mon­go­lia and Rus­sia by plane. If the road cor­ri­dor opens, it would be a more cost-ef­fec­tive al­ter­na­tive,” Guo said, adding that the cost of road trans­porta­tion is about one-tenth of air trans­porta­tion.

“One truck car­ry­ing about 20 met­ric tons of freight from South China’s Guangxi Guangxi Zhuang au­ton­o­mous re­gion to Rus­sia costs about $4,000. But air cargo is cal­cu­lated by the kilo,” Guo said.

China signed road freight agree­ments with Mon­go­lia in 1991 and Rus­sia in 1992.

Last year, 3.7 mil­lion pas­sen­gers and 24.6 tril­lion kilo­grams of freight were trans­ported be­tween China and the two coun­tries.

In 2014, Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping pro­posed a China-Mon­go­lia-Rus­sia eco­nomic cor­ri­dor. De­tails were dis­cussed by the pres­i­dents of China, Mon­go­lia and Rus­sia, aim­ing at strength­en­ing re­gional ties and boost­ing trade.

The pilot trip is an ef­fec­tive trial to carry out the na­tions’ top strate­gic plans in the trans­porta­tion field.” Liu Xiaom­ing, vice-min­is­ter of trans­porta­tion

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