Ac­tion plan aims to re­duce new dis­abil­ity cases over next 5 years

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA - Su Zhou con­trib­uted to this story.

China’s cen­tral author­ity has is­sued a na­tional ac­tion plan to re­duce new dis­abil­ity cases by 2020 by pro­mot­ing aware­ness and early screen­ing, Xin­hua News Agency re­ported on Tues­day.

Ac­cord­ing to the plan, is­sued by the gen­eral of­fice of the State Coun­cil, most women should be screened for hered­i­tary con­di­tions, and pre­na­tal check­ups should cover 60 per­cent of women over the next five years.

By the end of the five years, 85 per­cent of new­borns and chil­dren will have been tested for dis­abil­i­ties. More­over, in the same time span, 90 per­cent of el­i­gi­ble chil­dren will have re­ceived free vac­ci­na­tions, the doc­u­ment said.

The doc­u­ment called for bet­ter safety su­per­vi­sion at pro­duc­tion fa­cil­i­ties and im­proved road traf­fic man­age­ment to re­duce dis­abil­i­ties re­sult­ing from in­jury.

Duan Leilei, di­rec­tor of in­jury pre­ven­tion un­der the Chi­nese Cen­ter for Dis­ease Con­trol and Pre­ven­tion, said that of all the causes of in­jury and death of chil­dren, road traf­fic ranked sec­ond.

“Us­ing child safety seats is the most ef­fec­tive way to pro­tect chil­dren,” Duan said. “China has been work­ing on rais­ing the aware­ness of par­ents. How­ever, it needs joint ef­forts in the fu­ture. We should not only make par­ents re­al­ize the im­por­tance of safety seats but also in­form them about the right way to use them. The gov­ern­ment also needs to reg­u­late the child safety seat mar­ket.”

In ad­di­tion, the doc­u­ment said sup­port should be im­proved so that at least 80 per­cent of dis­abled peo­ple have ac­cess to ba­sic care ser­vices by 2020.

Zhao Tizun, di­rec­tor of com­mu­nity-based Re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion De­part­ment un­der China Re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion Re­search Cen­ter, said ba­sic care ser­vices for the dis­abled will re­quire more qual­i­fied work­ers.

“Among the 85 mil­lion dis­abled, more than 50 mil­lion need help with re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion. How­ever, only 70 uni­ver­si­ties and col­leges have re­lated ma­jors and no more than 8,000 stu­dents grad­u­ate ev­ery year. This can’t meet the de­mand,” Zhao said. “In the next five years, we should pro­mote the es­tab­lish­ment of re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion uni­ver­si­ties.”

Work­ing com­mit­tees for the dis­abled at var­i­ous lev­els were urged to su­per­vise and in­spect the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the plan. A fi­nal in­spec­tion will be car­ried out in 2020, the doc­u­ment said.

YANG LEI / XIN­HUA

China’s Par­a­lympic del­e­ga­tion chief Zhang Haidi (left) talks with other mem­bers par­tic­i­pat­ing in a flag-rais­ing cer­e­mony at Par­a­lympic Vil­lage in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on Mon­day.

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