Sim­pler pro­ce­dures, law on en­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion in­sur­ance

China Daily (USA) - - POLICY REVIEW - By ZHANG ZHOUXIANG zhangzhoux­i­ang@chi­

Min­istries have re­sponded to a series of me­dia and pub­lic in­quiries about poli­cies in the last week.

The State Ad­min­is­tra­tion for In­dus­try & Com­merce and the State Ad­min­is­tra­tion of Tax­a­tion ex­plained their re­cent move to com­bine busi­ness li­cense and tax regis­tra­tion forms into one, which will be in­tro­duced first to four pi­o­neer prov­inces and mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties.

The two ad­min­is­tra­tions said that pri­vate busi­ness is an es­sen­tial part of China’s econ­omy, adding that sim­pli­fy­ing ad­min­is­tra­tive pro­ce­dures and mak­ing them more con­ve­nient has long been an aim of the State Coun­cil. Since they com­bined the li­censes for en­ter­prises and agri­cul­tural co­op­er­a­tives in Oc­to­ber last year, the State Coun­cil ac­cel­er­ated re­form for small busi­nesses. The move will not only make ad­min­is­tra­tive pro­ce­dures more con­ve­nient for small busi­nesses, but also en­hance the shar­ing of their data among gov­ern­ment de­part­ments.

Lead­ing of­fi­cials from the ed­u­ca­tion and fi­nance min­istries re­sponded to me­dia ques­tions about a re­cent move to make stu­dents from poor fam­i­lies ex­empt from pay­ing tu­ition fees for high school ed­u­ca­tion.

High school ed­u­ca­tion is not com­pul­sory, but with the pop­u­lar­iza­tion of col­lege ed­u­ca­tion, high school learn­ing has gained im­por­tance. As China pro­motes an in­no­va­tion-driven econ­omy, it is im­por­tant to grant more young peo­ple the op­por­tu­nity to at­tend high school to raise the pop­u­la­tion’s ed­u­ca­tion level.

The move also en­ables stu­dent sub­si­dies to cover stu­dents at all lev­els of ed­u­ca­tion, from kinder­garten to post­grad­u­ate stud­ies. Lead­ing of­fi­cials of the two min­istries said they will fur­ther im­prove the sys­tem to pro­vide more aid to high school stu­dents in need.

They also promised that stu­dents in both pub­lic and pri­vate high schools will re­ceive sub­si­dies, adding that 440 mil­lion yuan ($65.86 mil­lion) has been al­lo­cated for such aid.

China’s cen­tral bank, the Peo­ple’s Bank of China, is­sued a doc­u­ment on the build­ing of a “green” fi­nan­cial sys­tem, of which a key com­po­nent is the plan to draft a la­won com­pul­sory en­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion in­sur­ance.

An of­fi­cial at the China In­sur­ance Reg­u­la­tory Com­mis­sion re­sponded to in­quiries about the in­sur­ance. Ac­cord­ing to the of­fi­cial, the com­mis­sion will first in­tro­duce the in­sur­ance ex­per­i­men­tally in cer­tain in­dus­tries with high en­vi­ron­men­tal risks, and en­cour­age in­sur­ance com­pa­nies to de­velop rel­e­vant ser­vices that suit the mar­ket.

Last year alone, do­mes­tic en­ter­prises signed more than 14,000 manda­tory en­vi­ron­men­tal in­sur­ance con­tracts, with to­tal risk guar­an­tees ex­ceed­ing 24.4 bil­lion yuan.

Anof­fi­cial in charge of food safety at the State Coun­cil re­sponded to in­quiries about their move to eval­u­ate food safety lev­els at provin­cial-level govern­ments. He said such govern­ments will be rated A, B or C ac­cord­ing to their per­for­mance, adding that the lead­ing of­fi­cials of those rated C will not be al­lowed to re­ceive any hon­ors for that year.

In ad­di­tion, the provin­cial-level govern­ments that food safety in­spec­tions find to be be­low set stan­dards must sub­mit their pro­pos­als for im­prove­ments within one month of an in­spec­tion.

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