Ja­panese in­va­sion of China is re­mem­bered

China Daily (USA) - - ACROSS AMERICA - By LIA ZHU in San Fran­cisco li­azhu@chi­nadai­lyusa.com

Chi­nese com­mu­nity mem­bers in the San Fran­cisco Bay Area on Sun­day com­mem­o­rated the 85th an­niver­sary of the “Septem­ber 18 In­ci­dent” in 1931, which marked Ja­pan’s large-scale armed in­va­sion of North­east China.

The in­ci­dent, also known as the Muk­den In­ci­dent, took place in Shenyang, cap­i­tal of Liaon­ing prov­ince, where the Ja­panese Army blew up a sec­tion of the rail­way un­der its con­trol and ac­cused Chi­nese troops of sab­o­tage as a pre­text for at­tack.

“The Muk­den In­ci­dent marked the Ja­panese real in­va­sion into China, trig­ger­ing the na­tion­wide fight against Ja­panese ag­gres­sion,” said Florence Fang, cu­ra­tor of the WWII Pa­cific War Me­mo­rial Hall in San Fran­cisco, at a press con­fer­ence in San Ma­teo, Cal­i­for­nia.

Six years af­ter the Muk­den In­ci­dent, the Ja­panese Army pro­voked an­other in­ci­dent on July 7, 1937, near Bei­jing, known as the “Marco Polo Bridge In­ci­dent”, which marked the start of China’s eight-year re­sis­tance against Ja­panese ag­gres­sion. More than 35 mil­lion Chi­nese were killed and wounded by the Ja­panese Army from 1937 to 1945.

“It means the Chi­nese fought against the Ja­panese Army much longer than eight years, and the mu­seum will cover more his­toric pe­ri­ods,” said Fong, also a phi­lan­thropist in the Bay Area.

In honor of the 85th an­niver­sary of the in­ci­dent, the mu­seum will in­stall a 120inch touch screen on Sept 18, which will dis­play an in­ter­ac­tive map of bat­tles in China. By touch­ing the names of the bat­tles, vis­i­tors can see a de­tailed de­scrip­tion of the bat­tles.

“The theme of the mu­seum, which opened last Au­gust, is to re­spect his­tory and cher­ish peace. We aim to tell the world of China’s con­tri­bu­tion and sacri­fice dur­ing the war,” said Fong. “We ex­pect the mu­seum to serve as a bridge to con­nect the mem­o­ries of the Chi­nese with those of the world.”

Over the last year, in­ter­na­tional vis­i­tors from more than 30 coun­tries have vis­ited the mu­seum, mostly from China, Ja­pan and South Korea.

She also re­ceived sup­port and en­cour­age­ment from other mu­se­ums, in­clud­ing the Na­tional WWII Mu­seum in New Or­leans, the Mu­seum of the War of Chi­nese Peo­ple’s Re­sis­tance Against Ja­panese Ag­gres­sion in Bei­jing and the Holo­caust Cen­ter in San Fran­cisco.

Fong said she is in­spired to form an as­so­ci­a­tion of World War II mu­se­ums next year to pro­mote world peace.


Florence Fang (cen­ter), cu­ra­tor of the WWII Pa­cific War Me­mo­rial Hall in San Fran­cisco, and mu­seum vol­un­teers gather at a press con­fer­ence in San Ma­teo, Cal­i­for­nia to com­mem­o­rate the “Septem­ber 18 In­ci­dent” in­volv­ing the Ja­panese Army.

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