Shadow banking maintains a niche
China’s efforts to tame financial-sector risks have slowed the overall growth in banks’ shadow loans, though some of the country’s midsized lenders are still pushing rapidly into the sector, according to an analysis of their latest filings.
So-called investment receivables, or “debt securities classified as receivables”, at 25 listedChinese banks grewto 11 trillion yuan ($1.6 trillion) as of June 30, from 9.7 trillion yuan at the end of December, according to first-half earnings statements released so far. That category provides the best insight into their shadowbanking exposure.
The continued growth suggests a limited impact from regulations introduced in April by the China Banking Regulatory Commission to curb the shadow-lending industry.
Banks issued a record 26.3 trillion yuan of wealth-management products to individuals, companies and other lenders as of June 30, China Banking Wealth Management Registration System data showed on Aug 31, underscoring the urgency of the regulator’s attempt to reduce risks in an increasingly leveraged financial system.
Other than wealth-managementproducts, the investmentreceivables category in banks’ statements includes asset-management plans and trust-beneficiary rights, all of which can be used by lenders to disguise what are in effect loans. The intermediary structures offer a way to get around regulatory curbs on lending to riskier borrowers — such as industries with overcapacity— by keeping the loans off their books.
The quasi-loan nature of some products has the added advantage of reducing the banks’ need to set aside capital and provisions for loan losses.
Five out of the eight publicly traded mid-sized lenders saw increases in their investment receivables during the second quarter of 2016, according to their filings. Mid-sized Chinese banks have been some of the most aggressive shadowbanking lenders.
Despite the gains in outstanding investment receivables, the overall rate of growth at the eight mid-sized banks has slowed. The receivables increased only 6 percent in the second quarter, well below the 26 percent rate in the same period a year earlier.
Among all listed banks that have reported first-half results, the fastest growth in investment receivables was seen at mid-sized lenderHuaxia Bank Co, where the category grew 124 percent. Next was China Minsheng Banking Corp, where the receivables rose 77 percent, followed by Huishang Bank Corp, with a 56 percent increase.
Among the banks that disclose the breakdown of investment receivables, the one with the largest exposure— Shanghai Pudong Development Bank —said 88 percent of those assets were trusts and asset management plans, with WMPs the next-largest category.