White paper de­tails achieve­ments made in rule of law

China Daily (USA) - - TOP NEWS - By XIN­HUA

The State Coun­cil In­for­ma­tion Of­fice pub­lished a white paper on Mon­day hail­ing the new progress made in hu­man rights pro­tec­tion in the field of jus­tice as China en­hances the rule of lawin all re­spects.

The white paper, ti­tled “New Progress in the Ju­di­cial Pro­tec­tion of Hu­man Rights in China,” said the ju­di­ciary is the last line of de­fense to safe­guard social fair­ness and jus­tice, and ju­di­cial pro­tec­tion of hu­man rights is an im­por­tant part of hu­man rights progress in a coun­try.

It said that in re­cent years, es­pe­cially since the 18th Na­tional Congress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China, in Novem­ber 2012, progress has been made in mod­ern­iz­ing the sys­tem and ca­pac­ity of State governance. The coun­try has ef­fec­tively pro­tected peo­ple’s rights and free­doms in an ex­ten­sive ar­ray of fields in ac­cor­dance with the law, while its peo­ple duly ful­fill their obli­ga­tions.

In par­tic­u­lar, the white paper noted that since the CPC’s 18th Na­tional Congress, the al­lo­ca­tion of ju­di­cial pow­ers and re­spon­si­bil­i­ties have been fur­ther im­proved and the in­de­pen­dent and im­par­tial ex­er­cise of the ju­di­cial and procu­ra­to­rial power en­sured.

Since 2014, pilot pro­grams have been pro­moted na­tion­wide to im­prove per­for­mance in the fol­low­ing ar­eas: ju­di­cial ac­count­abil­ity, category-based man­age­ment of ju­di­cial per­son­nel, job se­cu­rity for the ju­di­cial pro­fes­sion, and uni­fied man­age­ment of the per­son­nel, fi­nance and prop­erty of peo­ple’s courts and procu­ra­torates be­low the pro­vin­cial level.

Mean­while, the ju­di­cial ac­count­abil­ity sys­tem has been im­proved, while ju­di­cial trans­parency pro­moted to en­sure the right to know and the right to su­per­vise for con­cerned par­ties and the pub­lic.

Progress was also made to en­sure lawyers’ right of prac­tice, so that lawyers are play­ing a big­ger role in safe­guard­ing the le­git­i­mate rights and in­ter­ests of par­ties con­cerned.

The white paper also high­lighted pilot pro­grams to re­form the sys­tem of peo­ple’s as­ses­sors and su­per­vi­sors, the es­tab­lish­ment of a na­tional ju­di­cial as­sis­tance sys­tem, and the abol­ish­ment of the sys­tem of re-ed­u­ca­tion through la­bor.

It nonethe­less said there is still much room for im­prove­ment for the rule of lawin China.

Strength­en­ing ju­di­cial pro­tec­tion of hu­man rights will con­tinue to be a ma­jor task in im­ple­ment­ing the rule of law, it said, adding that the coun­try will pro­ceed from its pre­vail­ing re­al­ity, learn from the achieve­ments of other coun­tries re­gard­ing the rule of law, en­hance ju­di­cial pro­tec­tion of hu­man rights, safe­guard social fair­ness and jus­tice, and im­ple­ment the rule of law in all re­spects.

To en­hance ju­di­cial pro­tec­tion of hu­man rights, China has pun­ished crimes by law, tried civil and ad­min­is­tra­tive cases fairly, and strength­ened the ex­e­cu­tion of ef­fec­tive judg­ments, the white paper said.

In par­tic­u­lar, it noted that 54,249 peo­ple in 40,834 cases were in­ves­ti­gated for work-re­lated crimes in 2015.

It went on to say that the State fo­cused on pun­ish­ing vi­o­lent ter­ror­ist crimes, se­ri­ous crimes of vi­o­lence, gang­land crimes, crimes in­volv­ing guns and ex­plo­sives, crimes en­dan­ger­ing food and medicine safety, and crimes re­lated to drug pro­duc­tion and traf­fick­ing, among oth­ers.

Crim­i­nals who in­fringed on the rights of mi­nors were brought to jus­tice, and the pro­tec­tion of mi­nors’ rights was strength­ened.

The death penalty is un­der strict con­trol and is em­ployed with pru­dence, the while paper said.

It said China’s at­ti­tude to­ward the death penalty is to en­sure that it ap­plies only to a very small num­ber of ex­tremely se­ri­ous crim­i­nal of­fend­ers.

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