Mu­seum col­lect­ing items re­lated toMuk­den In­ci­dent

China Daily (USA) - - LIFE - By LIU CE in Shenyang li­uce@chi­nadaily.com.cn

To com­mem­o­rate the 85th an­niver­sary of the Septem­ber 18th In­ci­dent, also known as the “Muk­den In­ci­dent”, the 9.18His­tor­i­calMu­seum in Shenyang, cap­i­tal of Liaon­ing prov­ince, is col­lect­ing items of in­ter­est re­lat­ing to the in­ci­dent, or that may have a spe­cial sym­bol­ism to those days, from around the world.

On that day in 1931, Ja­panese troops, in a staged event, det­o­nated a blast on a sec­tion of the rail­way in north­ern Shenyang. They falsely ac­cused the Chi­nese and used this as a pre­text to at­tack a gar­ri­son in the Bei­day­ing area of the city on the same night.

The in­ci­dent was the start of the Ja­panese mil­i­tary oc­cu­pa­tion of North­east China, then known as Manchuria.

The mu­seum, founded in 1991, is lo­cated on the site where Ja­panese troops tar­geted the SouthManchuria Rail­way.

Ac­cord­ing to Cui Jun­guo, as­sis­tant cu­ra­tor of the mu­seum, the items they want to col­lect in­clude files or mes­sages on how the Ja­panese planned the in­ci­dent as well as weapons or other items of his­tor­i­cal sig­nif­i­cance.

“In the past 20 years, we have col­lected more than 8,000 items from all over the world,” Cui said.

Last week, the mu­seum re­ceived two tooth pow­der boxes do­nated by a lo­cal col­lec­tor.

Their sig­nif­i­cance is re­lated to the fact that, ac­cord­ing to Cui, the Ja­panese dumped com­modi­ties and goods from their coun­try into North­east China. This was to boost sales of Ja­panese goods at the ex­pense of Chi­nese ones.

Liu Kaip­ing, a pa­tri­otic busi­ness­man, de­cided to chal­lenge this sys­tem and de­vel­oped China’s first tooth pow­der, “Old Lo­co­mo­tive”, in a move that would ig­nite a boy­cott of Ja­panese goods. In early 1932, he joined in the North­east Peo­ple’s Anti-Ja­panese Vol­un­teer Army. Later, he was cap­tured and killed by the Ja­panese.

“It’s small and in­con­spic­u­ous, but it’s very mean­ing­ful. It re­flects peo­ple’s spirit and ac­tions in re­sist­ing Ja­panese ag­gres­sion at that time,” he said.

“We want to en­rich our ex­hi­bi­tion con­tent by col­lect­ing more items and fur­ther ex­plore the in­ci­dent’s his­tor­i­cal sta­tus and in­ter­na­tional in­flu­ence,” Cui said. “It’s the best way to main­tain the mem­ory of those black days.”

LIU CE / CHINA DAILY

One of the tooth pow­der boxes do­nated to the 9.18 His­tor­i­cal Mu­seum.

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