Lat­est plan cre­ates a progress model

Edi­tor’s note: China is­sued the third Na­tional Hu­man Rights Ac­tion Plan (2016-20) on Thurs­day. Since 1993, when the United Na­tions called for mem­ber coun­tries to for­mu­late hu­man rights ac­tion plans, 37 coun­tries have pro­duced 49 plans. Af­ter pub­lish­ing it

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA -

TFu Zi­tang, pres­i­dent of South­west Univer­sity of Po­lit­i­cal Sci­ence and Law, Chongqing

he newhu­man rights ac­tion plan cre­ates an ob­jec­tive-ori­ented hu­man rights progress model with ob­vi­ous char­ac­ter­is­tics.

First, it com­bines the Chi­nese lead­er­ship’s gov­er­nance con­cepts with an ob­jec­tive­ori­ented hu­man rights pro­mo­tion model that pays great at­ten­tion to co­or­di­nat­ing the ef­forts of dif­fer­ent par­ties to pro­mote the ad­vance­ment of hu­man rights.

The plan cor­re­sponds with the 13th Five-Year Plan (201620), and hu­man rights are in­creas­ingly merg­ing with China’s over­all so­cial and eco­nomic devel­op­ment.

For the first time, the plan makes the pro­tec­tion of prop­erty rights a ma­jor ob­jec­tive of hu­man rights pro­tec­tion ef­forts. Prop­erty rights in­clude the rights to land, con­struc­tion sites, farm­ers’ houses, col­lec­tively owned con­struc­tion sites and nat­u­ral re­sources.

The plans pro­vides clear de­tails of peo­ple’s rights. The rights to know and par­tic­i­pate and the rights of ex­pres­sion and su­per­vi­sion are listed in the chap­ter on the pro­tec­tion of civil and po­lit­i­cal rights. This is the first time that the four in­ter­re­lated rights have been laid out par­al­lel with each other si­mul­ta­ne­ously.

The pub­lic’s right to know is in­sep­a­ra­ble from their right to par­tic­i­pate in so­cial gov­er­nance, and the ef­fec­tive real­iza­tion of ci­ti­zens’ su­per­vi­sion rights is in­sep­a­ra­ble from the ex­pan­sion of the scale, means and chan­nels of ex­pres­sion.

That China has is­sued hu­man rights ac­tion plans in con­sec­u­tive three years in­di­cates the gov­ern­ment’s re­solve to, and con­fi­dence in, the pro­tec­tion of hu­man rights, and the coun­try’s hu­man rights ef­forts have reached a new stage of sus­tain­able ad­vance­ment.

The plan de­tails its ob­jec­tives, im­ple­men­ta­tion and eval­u­a­tion, and its im­ple­men­ta­tion in­di­cates the for­ma­tion of the ob­jec­tive­ori­ented model for the ad­vance­ment of hu­man rights. The model orig­i­nates from the coun­try’s con­di­tions and gov­er­nance struc­tures, and it will en­sure that the cause of hu­man rights makes steady progress.

Qi Yan­ping, di­rec­tor of Hu­man Rights Cen­ter of Shan­dong Univer­sity, in Ji­nan, cap­i­tal of Shan­dong prov­ince

The real­iza­tion of hu­man dig­nity en­tails a har­mo­nious and sta­ble so­ci­ety, good eco­nomic foun­da­tions and a healthy po­lit­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment. Build­ing a so­cial or­der based on hu­man dig­nity is the key to pro­mot­ing eco­nomic equal­ity.

The new ac­tion plan is an im­por­tant step for­ward in the pro­tec­tion of Chi­nese ci­ti­zens’ hu­man dig­nity and will en­able them to lead de­cent lives.

First, the pub­lic’s ba­sic life needs must be sat­is­fied, and peo­ple should have ac­cess to ed­u­ca­tion, med­i­cal care and pub­lic ser­vices, in ad­di­tion to clean wa­ter, air and food.

Se­cond, ba­sic life needs must be fully re­al­ized. A re­spon­si­ble, mod­ern so­ci­ety should take con­crete ac­tion to en­sure its ci­ti­zens’ have ways of ob­tain­ing their ba­sic daily needs.

At present, farm­ers en­joy ba­sic med­i­cal in­sur­ance, but they are un­able to ob­tain re­im­burse­ment in ar­eas out­side of the place where their house­hold is reg­is­tered, so it’s dif­fi­cult for China’s 300 mil­lion mi­grant work­ers to en­joy the ben­e­fits of med­i­cal in­sur­ance.

The gov­ern­ment needs to walk a step far­ther to re­form un­wieldy in­sti­tu­tions and make pub­lic ser­vices more hu­man-ori­ented than pol­i­cy­ori­ented.

The gov­ern­ment will erad­i­cate the dif­fer­ences be­tween ur­ban and ru­ral house­hold reg­is­tra­tions in terms of el­i­gi­bil­ity for pub­lic ser­vices, and will en­sure that peo­ple are able to ben­e­fit from med­i­cal in­sur­ance na­tion­wide, no mat­ter where they come from.

These ob­jec­tives are nec­es­sary to elim­i­nate in­sti­tu­tional ob­sta­cles that pre­vent ci­ti­zens from en­joy­ing a ba­sic stan­dard of liv­ing.

Fu Zi­tang

Qi Yan­ping

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