Chinese universities renowned for their work in aeronautics and astronautics: Beihang University: Location: Beijing. Founded in 1952, the university was the first higher education institute of the People’s Republic of China to feature teaching and research on aeronautics and astronautics. In 1958, the university successfully developed China’s first Beijing-2 rocket. As of 2015, the university had at least 20 academics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering in its faculty. Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Location: Nanjing, Jiangsu province. Founded in 1952, the university was also among the pioneers of higher education institutes the PR C established to nurture expertise and knowledge in the field. The university has educated more than 150,000graduates since its establishment. Amongthe graduates, at least 10 became academics of the CAS and the CAE. The university made a significant contribution to the successful development of Chang’e-3, China’s first lunar lander. Northwestern Polytechnical University Location: Xi’an, Shaanxi province. The history of the university can be traced back to 1938, when three polytechnical institutes merged into one, the National Northwestern Polytechnical Institute. In 1957, the institute joined hands with Xi’an Institute of Aeronautics to form the Northwestern Polytechnical University. In 1970, the air force engineering school of the PLA Military Engineering Institute was merged into the university. National University of Defense Technology Location: Changsha, Hunan province. The university was founded in 1953 and changed its name in 1978. It is administrated jointly by the Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of Education. The School of Aerospace and Material Engineering is a major school of the university. Harbin Institute of Technology Location: Harbin, Heilongjiang province. The history of the university dates back to the 1920s. The School of Astronautics, China’s first school focusing on research and training in the field, was set up in 1987. Having a national-level faculty, two national-level teaching bases and two national key laboratories, the school is one of the largest astronautic schools in China.