China ranksNo 3 in top pa­per ci­ta­tions

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA - By ZHAO XINYING zhaoxiny­ing@ chi­nadaily.com.cn

China has risen to third glob­ally in the num­ber of highly cited aca­demic pa­pers, ac­cord­ing to a re­port re­leased onWed­nes­day.

Dur­ing the past decade, 16,900 pa­pers — 12.8 per­cent of the top group of those most of­ten cited — were pub­lished by Chi­nese re­searchers, push­ing China ahead of Germany. The top two were the United States and the United King­dom.

The find­ings come from the Sta­tis­ti­cal Data of Chi­nese S&T Pa­pers, a pub­li­ca­tion re­leased an­nu­ally since 1987 by the In­sti­tute of Sci­en­tific and Tech­ni­cal In­for­ma­tion of China, a re­search in­sti­tute un­der the Min­istry of Science and Tech­nol­ogy.

The re­port also found that ci­ta­tions of Chi­nese pa­pers in a sub­set of eight re­search fields ranked sec­ond in the world. The eight fields are agri­cul­ture, chem­istry, com­puter science, engi­neer­ing, ma­te­ri­als science, math­e­mat­ics, physics and phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals.

Aca­demic pa­per ci­ta­tion is an in­di­ca­tor of pa­per qual­ity. The num­ber of ci­ta­tions has long re­flec­tion strength re­search.

Li Ren­han, an of­fi­cial at the Chi­nese Academy of Engi­neer­ing, said the re­port re­flected China’s present level of sci­en­tific re­search, and the devel­op­ment trend in science and tech­nol­ogy both in China and abroad.

“It also helps us to an­a­lyze the as­pects we need to im­prove in our fu­ture work and of­fers de­ci­sion-mak­ing sup­port for gov­ern­ment agen­cies and re­search in­sti­tutes to make re­lated de­ci­sions,” he said.

In re­cent years, the in­sti­tute has been en­cour­ag­ing re­searchers to fo­cus on writ­ing pa­pers of high qual­ity. To do that, the in­sti­tute changed its eval­u­a­tion sys­tem and this year be­gan to re­lease pe­ri­odic re­ports on China’s “out­stand­ing sci­en­tific pa­pers”, a term the in­sti­tute uses to de­scribe pa­pers whose ci­ta­tions sur­pass the world av­er­age.

The re­ports on the out­stand­ing pa­pers showed that morethan80per­cent ofthem were gen­er­ated by uni­ver­si­ties. The re­main­der were gen­er­ated by other re­search in­sti­tutes or en­ter­prises.

Guo Tiecheng, deputy di­rec­tor of the in­sti­tute that pub­lished the re­port, said: “By stress­ing pa­per qual­ity in the new eval­u­a­tion sys­tem, we hope to guide re­searchers to con­duct re­search at the sci­en­tific fron­tier and to serve the coun­try’s strate­gies.” been treated as of a coun­try’s in sci­en­tific

of the top group of the most of­ten cited pa­pers in the past decade were pub­lished by Chi­nese re­searchers.

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