Post-Brexit, Britain’s Jews look to return to Germany
Descendants ofHolocaust victims seek to retain ties to Europe after UK’s exit decision
Thomas Harding is doing what other descendants of Holocaust victims would find unimaginable: applying for a German passport.
When Britain voted to leave the European Union in June, the 48-year-old author had to make a decision that was never necessary in a borderless Europe — should he request the restoration of German citizenship stripped from his family by the Third Reich? He needed only a few hours to make up his mind.
“This is more than the practical. This is also about something for us, or for me. It’s about something spiritual, it’s about reconciliation,” he said. “It’s about acknowledging the truth of the horrors of the past but also about trying to build a better future together, and as a European, that’s what I hope to do.”
Oneof the complicated realities of the UK’s pending divorcefromthe28-nationEU is that many Britons whose ancestors came from other parts of Europe are claiming citizenship in other member states so they can retain ties to the continent. Inquiries about passports are up at the German, Austrian and Polish embassies in London.
Some people want to retain their ability to travel easily from country to country or maintain business ties. Others just want to be part of Europe.
But for Jews whose families fled Germany to escape Adolf Hitler, the decision means re-examining longheld beliefs about the country that once persecuted them.
The children and grandchildren of Jewish refugees are taking advantage of a law that allows the descendants of people persecuted by the Nazis to regain the citizenship that was removed from them in the 1930s and 1940s. More than 400 Britons have sought information about the lawsince the June 23 referendum on the EU, and German authorities have received at least 100 formal applications, compared with about 20 annually in recent years.
Michael Newman, chief executive of the Association of Jewish Refugees, said Brexit — the British exit from the EU — has fueled interest in German citizenship but it’s hard to know how many people will actually apply. Jews are now able to consider such a step because Germany has madehuge strides in addressing the past, he said.
“There is an acceptance of guilt, and I think that makes it a different proposition,” said Newman.
Many of those seeking restoration of their citizenship don’t intend to live in Germany— but want the freedom to travelandworkinEUnations.
Ben Lewis, a 49-year-old documentary filmmaker, is Thomas Harding, among those thinking about applying. Lewis, whose film and production company has worked for years on the continent, sees Brexit as an abomination, particularly the antiimmigrant sentiment in the UK that influenced many people to vote to leave theEU.
“It’s blame the foreigners,” he said. “It’s like the 1930s all over again.”
The history of Jews in Europe is also fueling the wish for second passports. While most Jews may not want to leave Britain now, they want the option to leave in the future, said Marc Meyer, director of the Conference of European Rabbis.
“For a Jew, without being paranoid, for you to be secure in a place for a long time is to misread history,” he said. “Brexit opens the floodgates of insecurity and those of opportunity.”
For some, the decision to seek another passport has been years in the making. Hardinghaslongbeencoming totermswithhisGermanpast, a journey documented in his book, TheHouse by the Lake.
The Nazis killed six of his relatives, revoked his family’s citizenship and forced them to leave behind property, including the idyllic summer cottage built by his greatgrandfather Alfred Alexander, a doctor whose patients included Albert Einstein and Marlene Dietrich. Those who survived fled to Britain.
The cottage was due to be demolished after it fell into disrepair, but Harding managed to save it.
Now it’s Alexander Haus, which seeks to teach local history.
Its programs also aim to help residents better understand the recent wave of Syrian and other refugees seeking protection in Germany. That has special meaning for Harding, because his sister married a Syrian Kurd. The way Harding sees it, Germany is showing leadership by taking in hundreds of thousands of refugees last year.
Now it’s logical, he says, for Jews to cling to theEU, which was created to build ties that would make another European war impossible.
“You could argue that the flight of theGerman Jews, the persecution of the German Jews, was the symbol of the breaking up of Europe, and the European Union was set up specifically to create a political, social context of peace,” he said. “That’s part of it, isn’t it?”
It’s about acknowledging the horrors of the past but also about trying to build a better future together.” author who plans to return to Germany