Air force ‘ignored’ rising-sea warnings at $1b radar site
TheUSAirForce is spending nearly $1 billion to build a radar installation that will helpkeep astronautsandsatellites safe by tracking pieces of space junk as small as a baseball. That is, if global warming doesn’t get in the way.
The Space Fence is being constructed on a tiny atoll in theMarshall Islands that scientists say could be regularly swamped by rising seas within a couple of decades as a result of climate change. The salt watercould playhavocwiththe equipment, the scientists say.
And The Associated Press found that neither the military nor its contractor, Lockheed Martin, gave serious consideration to that threat when designing the installation and choosing a site, despite warnings from the island nation’s environmental agency.
The future “does not look good for a lot of these islands,’’ said Curt Storlazzi, an oceanographer with theUS Geological Survey who is leading a study at Kwajalein Atoll, where the Space Fence complex is being built.
Dana Whalley, a civilian who is managing the Space Fence program, said that the radar installation has a projected lifespan of 25 years and that he doesn’t expect sea levels to rise enough over that period to causeaproblem. Butif necessary, he said, the base could take steps to improve its seawalls.
Still, because of budget pressures, military equipment is often used well beyond its projected lifespan. In fact, a key part of the radar tracking system that the Space Fence replaces was built during the dawn of the space age and was badly outdatedbythetimeitwasshut down 50 years later in 2013.
MidwaybetweenHawaiiand Australia, the Marshall Islands are specks of land that typically poke just a few meters above thePacific Ocean, makingthem some of the world’s most vulnerable places to rising seas.
The US military has a longstanding connection to the islands. Bikini Atoll was used as a nuclear test site after WorldWar II. Kwajalein Atoll, a battle site during the war, is now an Army base, a ballistic missile test site and an important part of the military’s space surveillance network.
The growing problem of space debris was highlighted in 2009, when an old Russian satellite smashed into a commercial US satellite, creating hundreds of pieces of orbiting junk. The 2013 movie Gravity dramatized the threat to astronauts, who need to be safe from debris whether they’re traveling on the International Space Station or in a rocket.
Lockheed Martin won the $915 million Space Fence contract in 2014 and broke ground last year. When the radar system becomes operational in late 2018, it should increase the number of objects that can be tracked tenfold to about 200,000 and provide more preciseinformationontheir orbits.
However, Storlazzi said rising sea levels could submerge the island at least once a year, damaging power cables, sewer lines and other electronics and hardware.
The study, funded primarily by the Defense Department, has not yet been peer-reviewed or published. But it paints a much more dire future for the atoll than earlier studies.
“We are talking the next couple of decades, not centuries, as previously thought,’’ Storlazzi said.
A US Army photo shows an aerial view of Kwajalein Atoll, where the Space Fence complex is being in the Marshall Islands.