Ex­plor­ing new paths for in­no­va­tion and fur­ther de­vel­op­ment

China Daily (USA) - - XI’AN SPECIAL - By YANG ZIMAN yangz­i­man@chi­nadaily.com.cn

Xi’an Hi-tech In­dus­tries De­vel­op­ment Zone is mak­ing it­self a pi­lot ground for in­no­va­tion in west­ern China.

“The pri­mary goal for the high­tech zone is to be­come an in­no­va­tive ground for do­ing busi­ness with the coun­tries along the Belt and Road,” said Jiang Ren­guo, chief of the bureau of de­vel­op­ment, re­form and com­merce of the ad­min­is­tra­tive com­mit­tee of the zone.

Some 15 coun­tries along the Silk Road Eco­nomic Belt and the 21st Cen­tury Mar­itime Silk Road, in­clud­ing France, Ger­many, Rus­sia and Uzbek­istan, have put forth the ini­tia­tive to form a high-tech zone al­liance, said Jiang.

The State Coun­cil des­ig­nated the zone a na­tional Self-de­pen­dent In­no­va­tion De­mon­stra­tion Area in 2015.

This ti­tle means that the high-tech zone in Xi’an en­joys more free­dom and pref­er­en­tial poli­cies in ex­plor­ing new paths for in­no­va­tion.

Start­ing in 2014, 14 re­gions across the coun­try, in­clud­ing Zhong­guan­cun in Bei­jing, Donghu Hi-tech In­dus­tries De­vel­op­ment Zone in Wuhan and Zhangjiang Hi-tech In­dus­trial De­vel­op­ment Zone in Shang­hai, have been des­ig­nated as na­tional self-de­pen­dent in­no­va­tion de­mon­stra­tion ar­eas.

“The de­mon­stra­tion area is an up­graded ver­sion of a high-tech in­dus­trial de­vel­op­ment zone. Both have the same goal of tech­nol­o­gy­driven de­vel­op­ment, while a de­mon­stra­tion area has big­ger ex­per­i­men­tal and in­no­va­tion space,” said Jiang.

For in­stance, com­pa­nies in Xi’an Hi-tech In­dus­tries De­vel­op­ment Zone can have some of their re­search and de­vel­op­ment in­vest­ment cal­cu­lated into their to­tal costs, so as to be partly ex­empt from value added tax.

State-owned en­ter­prises in th­ese re­gions can ex­plore var­i­ous forms of shared

own­er­ship to raise in­cen­tives. In re­search in­sti­tutes, if a tech­nol­ogy is not com­mer­cial­ized within one year after it is cre­ated, the re­searchers are al­lowed to try com­mer­cial­iz­ing it them­selves. If suc­cess­ful, 90 per­cent of the prof­its gen­er­ated by the ap­pli­ca­tion will be at­trib­uted to the team and only 10 per­cent has to be sub­mit­ted to the in­sti­tute.

“This way, the re­searchers will have more mo­ti­va­tion to speed up the ap­pli­ca­tion of tech­nol­ogy,” said Jiang.

In or­der to bet­ter op­ti­mize re­sources, the zone brought to­gether the scat­tered tech­no­log­i­cal re­sources in the re­gion by build­ing a tech­nol­ogy mar­ket in 2011, a plat­form where tech­nolo­gies and equip­ment are traded.

This plat­form has in­te­grated 900 ed­u­ca­tional and mil­i­tary in­sti­tu­tions, 7,300 sep­a­rate tech­nolo­gies, and tech­nol­ogy in­for­ma­tion for more than 7,700 com­pa­nies. Ac­cord­ing to Zhang Weiguo, the di­rec­tor of the tech­nol­ogy mar­ket, the plat­form has ef­fec­tively con­nected tech­nolo­gies with the com­pa­nies that need them.

The turnover of the mar­ket’s tech­nol­ogy trans­ac­tions to­taled 62.7 bil­lion yuan ($9.64 bil­lion) in 2015. It has more than 9,000 sets of equip­ment that can be shared.

The shared equip­ment has saved Xi’an Forstar Tech­nol­ogy, a Xi’an­based ra­dio fre­quency con­nec­tor pro­ducer, more than 1 mil­lion yuan per year.

“We used to have to send the prod­uct to Guangzhou to run tests be­cause the equip­ment was not avail­able in Xi’an,” said Ding Ruiy­ing, Forstar’s qual­ity man­ager. “Now we can run the tests right here at home.” The de­vel­op­ment zone also of­fers strong sup­port for start-up com­pa­nies. In 2015, Chuangtu in Xi’an, a space that pro­vides of­fice rooms and con­sul­tancy ser­vices to start-up com­pa­nies, was cre­ated. It cov­ers two floors with more than 200 seats, meet­ing rooms and a road­show room. Com­pa­nies that have been se­lected to move in can en­joy six months rent free.

As of the first half of this year, Chuangtu in Xi’an has se­lected more than 120 projects, 15 of which have re­ceived more than 50 mil­lion yuan in in­vest­ment.

As a city with strong mil­i­tary in­dus­tries, the State Coun­cil also des­ig­nated Xi’an as a de­mon­stra­tion area for the civil ap­pli­ca­tion of mil­i­tary tech­nolo­gies.

Among the top 11 mil­i­tary en­ter­prise groups in China, eight have a pres­ence in Xi’an, cov­er­ing elec­tron­ics, ships, avi­a­tion, aero­space, weaponry and nu­clear sec­tors.

The high-tech zone has set up a 5 bil­lion yuan foun­da­tion for the civil use of mil­i­tary tech­nolo­gies. In 2015, the out­put of mil­i­tary-civil­ian in­te­gra­tion in­dus­try stood at 90 bil­lion yuan.

By 2025, the out­put of the mil­i­tarycivil­ian in­te­gra­tion in­dus­try in the zone is ex­pected to be more than 300 bil­lion yuan. By then, more than 20 mil­i­tary-civil­ian in­te­gra­tion com­pa­nies will have been listed on the stock mar­ket.

The pri­mary goal for the high-tech zone is to be­come an in­no­va­tive ground for do­ing busi­ness with the coun­tries along the Belt and Road.”

The tech­ni­cal man­ager of NowledgeData ex­plains the tech plat­form to vis­i­tors. “Na­tional Self-De­pen­dent In­no­va­tion De­mon­stra­tion Area” is the ti­tle the State Coun­cil gives to re­gions with strong science and tech­nol­ogy in­dus­tries.Th­ese ar­eas’ de­vel­op­ment mod­els will serve as ex­am­ples to other re­gions of the coun­try. Th­ese ar­eas en­joy pref­er­en­tial poli­cies, in­clud­ing tax re­duc­tion and ex­emp­tion, shared own­er­ship in­cen­tives, the com­mer­cial­iza­tion of tech­nolo­gies, in­tel­lec­tual prop­erty rights pro­tec­tion and land use. Xi’an Hi-tech In­dus­tries De­vel­op­ment Zone was des­ig­nated a Na­tional Self-de­pen­dent In­no­va­tion De­mon­stra­tion Area in Au­gust 2015, the ninth among the 16 de­mon­stra­tion ar­eas rec­og­nized so far. The main tasks the cen­tral govern­ment has given to the zone in­clude in­no­va­tion-driven de­vel­op­ment, grass­roots en­trepreneur­ship, mil­i­tary tech­nolo­gies for civil use and fur­ther open­ing up. As a na­tional de­mon­stra­tion area the zone’s goal is to re­al­ize an­nual rev­enue of 5 tril­lion yuan by 2025 from 80,000 tech­no­log­i­cal com­pa­nies. Re­search and de­vel­op­ment in­put is set to ac­count for 8 per­cent and above of the com­pa­nies’rev­enue. In 2015, R&D in­vest­ment in the zone ac­counted for 4.61 per­cent of its rev­enue. In 2010-15, the zone ap­plied for 129,000 patents, which ranked sec­ond among China’s high-tech zones, of th­ese 40,000 ob­tained ap­proval. Cur­rently,Xi’an Hi-tech In­dus­tries De­vel­op­ment Zone has more than 200 high-tech lab­o­ra­to­ries, and en­gi­neer­ing and tech­no­log­i­cal cen­ters. Some 120 large com­pa­nies from home and abroad have re­search cen­ters there, 48 of which are For­tune 500 com­pa­nies. The high-tech zone has four pil­lar in­dus­tries: elec­tronic in­for­ma­tion, high-end man­u­fac­tur­ing, bio­science and mod­ern ser­vices.Th­ese four in­dus­tries’rev­enues ac­counted for 65 per­cent of the zone’s to­tal rev­enue in the first half of this year.The de­vel­op­ment zone ranks fourth among more than 100 zones in China, ac­cord­ing to a list re­cently re­leased by China’s Min­istry of Science and Tech­nol­ogy.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from China

© PressReader. All rights reserved.