Tar­geted ef­forts to achieve 2020 poverty elimination goal

China Daily (USA) - - VIEW -

The au­thor is a pro­fes­sor of law at Zhongnan Univer­sity of Eco­nom­ics and Law. Ed­i­tor's Note: The State Coun­cil In­for­ma­tion Of­fice onMon­day is­sued a white pa­per on China’s progress in poverty re­duc­tion and hu­man rights. The fol­low­ing are some ex­perts’ com­ments on China’s poverty alle­vi­a­tion and hu­man rights work:

There is no doubt that China has made re­mark­able strides in re­duc­ing poverty lev­els. Once a coun­try with over 942 mil­lion liv­ing in poverty, it has now re­duced this to 55 mil­lion. Ad­di­tion­ally, with a tar­geted poverty alle­vi­a­tion strat­egy in the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-20), the aim is for poverty to be­come history in China by 2020, leav­ing no one be­hind.

Poverty is dy­namic, and us­ing in­no­va­tive ap­proaches to help iden­tify and track the poor in a more real-time and real-place man­ner will be vi­tal to achieve this. The UN has ex­pe­ri­ence glob­ally, and can as­sist China ex­per­i­ment­ing with al­ter­na­tive in­stru­ments, such as us­ing big data to com­ple­ment the tra­di­tional house­hold sur­veys that feed the na­tional data­base. More­over, with more and more fi­nan­cial re­sources be­ing al­lo­cated for poverty re­duc­tion, the UN can as­sist with ef­fec­tive im­ple­men­ta­tion, in­clud­ing as­sess­ing the cost­ef­fec­tive­ness of pub­lic spend­ing, via set­ting up an over­ar­ch­ing ap­praisal sys­tem. Ni­cholas Rosellini, des­ig­nated United Na­tions res­i­dent co­or­di­na­tor in China

Poverty is not just an eco­nomic is­sue. It is im­pos­si­ble to com­pletely solve the prob­lem of poverty through its eco­nomic growth alone. To erad­i­cate poverty is in essence a hu­man rights is­sue re­quir­ing so­cial or­der with hu­man dig­nity as the foun­da­tion. In this sense, we should look at the poverty is­sue from the perspective of hu­man rights.

The white pa­per once again stressed that look­ing at the poverty prob­lem from the perspective of bet­ter pro­tect­ing hu­man rights is the Chi­nese govern­ment’s ba­sic stance. With such a perspective, the govern­ment needs to en­sure all peo­ple can live a de­cent life and thus make all peo­ple share the fruits of the coun­try’s fast-grow­ing econ­omy and re­al­ize the goal of com­mon pros­per­ity. Zheng Zhi­hang, a re­searcher at the school of law, Shan­dong Univer­sity

Since the 1980s, the Chi­nese govern­ment has started a ro­bust poverty re­lief cam­paign and thus es­tab­lished a poverty re­duc­tion path with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics through three decades of ac­tive ex­plo­ration. The coun­try’s poverty re­lief ef­forts take a prag­matic ap­proach and have a sound sys­tem­atic frame­work. They pur­sue the ideal of poverty erad­i­ca­tion with prac­ti­cal and ef­fec­tive mea­sures.

From the for­mu­la­tion of an over­all pro­gram for re­gional poverty re­lief to the iden­ti­fy­ing of “coun­ties of poverty”, to pro­mot- ing poverty re­lief for en­tire vil­lages and then for in­di­vid­ual fam­i­lies, the coun­try’s poverty re­duc­tion work has grad­u­ally pro­gressed from an over­all to the in­di­vid­ual. Such a tar­geted poverty re­lief ap­proach has helped more ef­fec­tively iden­tify the roots of poverty and al­low dif­fer­en­ti­ated and tar­geted mea­sures to lift im­pov­er­ished pop­u­la­tion out of poverty. Meng Qing­tao, a re­searcher on hu­man rights stud­ies, South­west Univer­sity of Po­lit­i­cal Science and Law

The Chi­nese govern­ment’s white pa­per on its progress in poverty re­duc­tion and hu­man rights re­views the achieve­ments the coun­try has made in lift­ing im­pov­er­ished ethnic groups out of poverty. Since the 18th Na­tional Congress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China, con­vened in late 2012, China has for­mu­lated a se­ries of spe­cial poverty re­lief poli­cies to ac­cel­er­ate its work of poverty re­duc­tion in th­ese re­gions. Through the mak­ing and im­ple­ment­ing of tar­geted plans, ear­mark­ing spe­cial funds and sup­port­ing their char­ac­ter­is­tic in­dus­tries, the coun­try has con­sid­er­ably im­proved in­fra­struc­ture in th­ese re­gions and raised the liv­ing con­di­tions of lo­cal res­i­dents.

While cre­at­ing a bet­ter life qual­ity for ethnic groups through th­ese tar­geted and vi­able mea­sures, the coun­try has also em­ployed in­no­va­tive meth­ods to com­bine its poverty re­lief work with their dis­tinc­tive in­dus­tries and re­sources to cre­ate more op­por­tu­ni­ties and driv­ing forces for their sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment and fi­nally self-de­vel­op­ment. Wang Li­wan, a re­searcher on hu­man rights stud­ies, China Univer­sity of Po­lit­i­cal Science and Law

CAI MENG / CHINA DAILY

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