Zhao

China Daily (USA) - - JIANGXI SPECIAL - Con­tact the writer at zhaoshi­jun@ chi­nadaily.com.cn

The govern­ment of Jiangxi should use “greater de­ter­mi­na­tion and more ac­cu­rate mea­sures” to solve prob­lems re­lat­ing to poverty re­lief, ac­cord­ing to a top pro­vin­cial of­fi­cial.

Liu Qi, gov­er­nor of the East China prov­ince, said poverty re­lief will be top on the govern­ment’s agenda dur­ing the 13th Five-Year Plan pe­riod (2016-20).

He an­tic­i­pated that, by 2018, around 2 mil­lion peo­ple can be lifted out of poverty and as many as 2,900 vil­lages can shed their “poverty vil­lage” tag.

Ac­cord­ing to the State Coun­cil Of­fice for Poverty Alle­vi­a­tion and De­vel­op­ment, a per cap­i­tal an­nual net in­come of 2,800 yuan ($417) rep­re­sented the of­fi­cial poverty line for ru­ral res­i­dents last year. The stan­dard is sub­ject to an­nual ad­just­ment.

Al­most 2 mil­lion Jiangxi res­i­dents were liv­ing un­der the poverty line last year, with the ma­jor­ity liv­ing in ru­ral ar­eas, ac­cord­ing to the Jiangxi Pro­vin­cial Of­fice for Poverty Alle­vi­a­tion.

The gov­er­nor said Jiangxi’s poverty alle­vi­a­tion mea­sures should be dic­tated by mar­ket rules, with the prov­ince en­cour­ag­ing res­i­dents, es­pe­cially farm­ers, to in­crease their in­comes by es­tab­lish­ing co­op­er­a­tives and cot­tage in­dus­tries pro­duc­ing spe­cialty goods.

He added that the prov­ince’s fi­nan­cial in­sti­tu­tions should give greater sup­port to poverty alle­vi­a­tion mea­sures by of­fer­ing in­surance ser­vices and lower-in­ter­est loans to help farm­ers start their own busi­nesses.

Liu said there will be in­creased lo­cal govern­ment in­vest­ment to im­prove the ru­ral in­fra­struc­ture, of­fer­ing farm­ers bet­ter ac­cess to roads, elec­tric­ity and telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions, as well as a bet­ter liv­ing en­vi­ron­ment.

“We should help peo­ple to re­lo­cate from ar­eas with poor in­fra­struc­ture and liv­ing con­di­tions to rel­a­tively de­vel­oped ar­eas,” Liu said, adding that this year’s re­lo­ca­tion ef­fort will ben­e­fit as many as 96,000 peo­ple.

He said a med­i­cal care sys­tem sup­ported by the govern­ment and com­ple­mented by com­mer­cial in­sur­ers would en­sure that more of the prov­ince’s poorer res­i­dents are cov­ered.

“To be cer­tain that our poverty re­lief ef­forts are prop­erly tar­geted and ben­e­fit the peo­ple who most need them, we will es­tab­lish a mul­ti­level, prov­ince-wide data­base,” said the gov­er­nor. He added that the data­base will be Novem­ber.

Zhang Kanghua, head of the Jiangxi Pro­vin­cial Of­fice for Poverty Alle­vi­a­tion, said the prov­ince has made great strides in the fight against poverty in re­cent years.

He said the num­ber of im­pov­er­ished peo­ple in the prov­ince fell by 1.42 mil­lion, or 41 per­cent, be­tween 2013 and 2015.

Zhang noted that Jiangxi ex­pects to make even greater progress in the next two years.

He cited a pro­vin­cial govern­ment re­search re­port which stated that all of Jiangxi’s im­pov­er­ished res­i­dents should be lifted above the poverty line by the end of 2018.

He said that meet­ing the goal would de­pend largely on the suc­cess­ful re­lo­ca­tion of the prov­ince’s im­pov­er­ished pop­u­la­tion.

Ac­cord­ing to Zhang, about 385,000 peo­ple will be re­lo­cated to rel­a­tively de­vel­oped ar­eas in the prov­ince dur­ing the 13th Five-Year Plan.

The re­lo­ca­tion pro­gram for this year will in­volve more than 700 projects fo­cused on house build­ing and the con­struc­tion of pub­lic fa­cil­i­ties. re­quir­ing in­vest­ment of around 7.2 bil­lion yuan. The per capita floor space re­quired to re­lo­cate the prov­ince’s im­pov­er­ished res­i­dents is 25 square me­ters.

Zhang also said in­dus­trial de­vel­op­ment and em­ploy­ment ser­vices will be in­cluded in the re­lo­ca­tion ini­tia­tive.

Pan Changkun, deputy chief of the pro­vin­cial fi­nan­cial de­part­ment, said the govern­ment will al­lo­cate 20 bil­lion yuan for poverty alle­vi­a­tion mea­sures and projects be­tween 2016 and 2018.

He also en­cour­aged more so­cial in­vest­ments to be used in poverty alle­vi­a­tion.

“Both State-owned and pri­vately run busi­nesses can in­vest in agri­cul­tural pro­duc­tion, pro­cess­ing and dis­tri­bu­tion, which will help in­crease farm­ers’ in­comes,” Pan ex­plained. op­er­a­tional by

WANG QI / FOR CHINA DAILY

A farmer in Jiangxi uses his new farm­ing ma­chine to har­vest rice.

FENG YONGBIN / CHINA DAILY

A sales rep from e-com­merce com­pany Huishi­tao gives cus­tomers in­for­ma­tion about or­ganic chick­ens from Huichang county.

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