US News: 87 Chi­nese uni­ver­si­ties rank among world’s top 1,000

China Daily (USA) - - FRONT PAGE - By AMY HE in New York amyhe@chi­nadai­

China has the sec­ond-largest num­ber of uni­ver­si­ties in an eval­u­a­tion of the top 1,000 schools in the world, ac­cord­ing to the lat­est US News list 2017 Best Global Uni­ver­si­ties.

There are 87 Chi­nese uni­ver­si­ties among the 1,000. The US has 210 and the top five uni­ver­si­ties: Har­vard, the Mas­sachusetts In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy, Stan­ford, the University of Cal­i­for­nia-Berke­ley and the Cal­i­for­nia In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy. The best over­all global uni­ver­si­ties are dom­i­nated by schools in the US and UK.

Schools were ac­cessed across 22 sub­jects, ac­cord­ing to US News.

China took two of the top-five slots in best uni­ver­si­ties in Asia: Pek­ing University was ranked No 3; Ts­inghua University was ranked No 4.

“For the 2017 edition of Best Global Uni­ver­si­ties, US News ex­panded the rank­ings to the Top 1,000 schools — up from 750 last year,” said Robert Morse, chief data strate­gist at US News. “With this ex­pan­sion, we were able to eval­u­ate a greater num­ber of schools in China, bring­ing the to­tal to 87 in­sti­tu­tions in the over­all rank­ings.

“The grow­ing pres­ence of uni­ver­si­ties in China is a tes­ta­ment to China’s slowly ris­ing in­flu­ence in the global aca­demic space,’’ he added. “How­ever, it is worth not­ing that very few uni­ver­si­ties in China are among the Top 100 or Top 250 schools. There­fore, while there is a grow­ing num­ber of schools in­cluded in Best Global Uni­ver­si­ties, few are near the top.”

China’s uni­ver­si­ties are topranked in com­puter sci­ence and en­gi­neer­ing, where the coun­try placed sec­ond be­hind the US, fol­lowed by the UK, Canada and Ger­many in com­puter sci­ence, and the UK, Canada and Italy in en­gi­neer­ing.

US News said that it placed em­pha­sis on a university’s global and re­search rep­u­ta­tion and its aca­demic re­search per­for­mance, which is de­ter­mined us­ing fac­tors such as pub­li­ca­tions, ci­ta­tions, and in­ter­na­tional col­lab­o­ra­tion. It fac­tored in the num­ber of highly cited re­search pa­pers in the top 1 per­cent of the school’s re­spec­tive fields and the per­cent­age of a university’s pub­lished pa­pers that are among the top 1 per­cent of most-cited pa­pers.

US News is bet­ter known for its Best Col­leges list, which ranks the best higher ed­u­ca­tion in­sti­tu­tions in the US and is con­sulted by many in­ter­na­tional stu­dents in­ter­ested in study­ing in Amer­ica. That list ranks schools based on other fac­tors, such as grad­u­a­tion and re­ten­tion rates, as well as SAT scores.

The US News school rank­ings have been the sub­ject of much crit­i­cism, with many col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties protest­ing the cri­te­ria used in judg­ing schools. Crit­ics say that the cri­te­ria re­flect char­ac­ter­is­tics found at elite uni­ver­si­ties across the coun­try.

US News has no way of in­de­pen­dently ver­i­fy­ing SAT scores pro­vided by schools, which al­lows schools to game the rank­ings, said some crit­ics. Clare­mont-McKenna Col­lege in Cal­i­for­nia was caught in 2012 for pro­vid­ing fake SAT scores to US News. The lists also can’t ac­cu­rately pre­dict a stu­dent’s per­for­mance at the school, crit­ics have said.

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