Cen­sus of pol­lu­tion sources read­ied

China Daily (USA) - - TOP NEWS - By ZHENG JINRAN zhengjin­ran@chi­nadaily.com.cn

China is plan­ning its sec­ond na­tional cen­sus of pol­lu­tion sources, aim­ing to present a clear picture of the sit­u­a­tion and an­a­lyz­ing the ca­pac­ity to con­trol it, the cen­tral gov­ern­ment said on Wed­nes­day.

The cen­sus is meant to pro­vide solid in­for­ma­tion to help gov­ern­ments de­sign bet­ter tar­geted pro­tec­tion projects and poli­cies for the en­vi­ron­ment, and make their de­ci­sions more sci­en­tific, the State Coun­cil said in a state­ment.

There will be a spe­cial lead­ing com­mit­tee to guide the sec­ond cen­sus work, chaired by Vice-Premier Zhang Gaoli, and 15 min­is­te­rial level de­part­ments will be in­volved, the state­ment said.

The sec­ond cen­sus will start on Dec 31, 2017, and last the whole of 2018. Data anal­y­sis and the cen­sus re­port will be done in 2019.

Prepa­ra­tion for the cen­sus started Wed­nes­day and will con­tinue un­til the end of 2017, ac­cord­ing to the Min­istry of En­vi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion, a ma­jor par­tic­i­pant.

The sec­ond cen­sus will cover all or­ga­ni­za­tions and in­di­vid­u­als that dis­charge pol­lu­tants, and in­clude de­tailed data like pol­lu­tant types, emis­sion amounts, and op­er­a­tion of equip­ment to re­duce pol­lu­tion.

All pol­lu­tion gen­er­ated in in­dus­trial pro­duc­tion, agri­cul­ture, do­mes­tic ac­tiv­i­ties and other sources will be cov­ered.

The first Pol­lu­tion Source Cen­sus was con­ducted in 2007, and the re­sults were re­leased in Fe­bru­ary 2010. They have “played an im­por­tant role in en­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion in re­cent years”, ac­cord­ing to an en­vi­ron­men­tal min­istry state­ment.

In the first cen­sus, over 570,000 peo­ple par­tic­i­pated in the in­ves­ti­ga­tion of over 5.92 mil­lion tar­gets emit­ting pol­lu­tants, and 1.1 bil­lion sets of data were pro­duced, mark­ing the first clear picture of pol­lu­tion from the agri­cul­tural and ser­vice in­dus­tries, ac­cord­ing to the data re­leased on the of­fi­cial web­site of the first cen­sus.

Based on the re­sults, China placed pol­lu­tion sources in agri­cul­ture on re­stric­tion lists, said Wang Yuqing, then of­fice di­rec­tor of the cen­sus com­mit­tee in 2010.

Great changes, how­ever, have taken place in eco­nomic and so­cial de­mo­graphic struc­tures over the years, and some pol­lu­tants like those gen­er­ated in ru­ral re­gions and some mo­bile sources have be­come more sig­nif­i­cant, mak­ing a new, thor­ough in­ves­ti­ga­tion ur­gently needed, the min­istry said on Wed­nes­day.

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