Pass­ing of 2 rules marks progress on strict over­sight

China Daily (USA) - - FRONT PAGE - By BAO DAOZU in Bei­jing

Party gov­er­nance has en­tered a new age — to gov­ern the Party by rig­or­ous rules and reg­u­la­tions.”

Wu Hui, a pro­fes­sor at the Party School of the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee of the CPC

The strict gov­er­nance of the Com­mu­nist Party of China has en­tered a new era with two reg­u­la­tions passed at a key meet­ing on Thurs­day, paving the way for the Party's na­tional congress next year and its fu­ture de­vel­op­ment.

The meet­ing also de­clared Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping as the Party's "core", a move to fur­ther con­sol­i­date the top lead­er­ship and bet­ter lead the coun­try for­ward.

A reg­u­la­tion on the norms of po­lit­i­cal life within the Party, and a re­vi­sion of an in­tra-Party su­per­vi­sion reg­u­la­tion were adopted at the Sixth Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 18th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee, which ran from Mon­day to Thurs­day in Bei­jing.

Ex­perts said the two rules, with se­nior of­fi­cials as the ma­jor su­per­vi­sion tar­get, mark a shift from the ini­tial shock-and-awe oust­ing of cor­rupt of­fi­cials to per­fect­ing the anti-graft reg­u­la­tions and mech­a­nism. De­tails of the two reg­u­la­tions were not dis­closed.

"Party gov­er­nance has en­tered a new age — to gov­ern the Party by rig­or­ous rules and reg­u­la­tions," said Wu Hui, a pro­fes­sor at the Party School of the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee of the CPC.

The CPC passed a re­vised reg­u­la­tion on clean gov­er­nance, and an­other spec­i­fy­ing sanc­tions for those who break Party rules, in Oc­to­ber last year. It passed a re­vised reg­u­la­tion on dis­ci­pline in­spec­tions in Au­gust last year.

"By in­tro­duc­ing all these rules and reg­u­la­tions, the CPC is mov­ing to in­sti­tu­tion­al­ize its anti-graft drive started in late 2012," Wu said.

The ini­tial years of the anti-graft bat­tle saw progress in mak­ing of­fi­cials "dare not be cor­rupt", but the se­ries of Party reg­u­la­tions will en­sure that of­fi­cials "can­not be cor­rupt", he said.

In a com­mu­nique that was re­leased on Thurs­day af­ter the ses­sion, all Party mem­bers were called on to "closely unite around the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee with Com­rade Xi Jin­ping as the core".

Wu, the pro­fes­sor, said the Party needs strong lead­er­ship to push for­ward re­forms. "It will be more ef­fi­cient and eas­ier to over­come dif­fi­cul­ties with the ex­is­tence of a core leader," he said.

Late Chi­nese leader Deng Xiao-ping coined the phrase "core" leader, say­ing that ev­ery col­lec­tive lead­er­ship needed a core to be re­li­able. He named Mao Ze­dong, him­self and Jiang Zemin as core lead­ers.

Zhou Ba­jun, a se­nior re­search fel­low of Hong Kong-based China Ever­bright Hold­ings, said nam­ing Xi as "core" leader rec­og­nizes the achieve­ments made un­der his lead­er­ship.

Xi is now head of the Party and the mil­i­tary, as well as be­ing head of state.

Mean­while, the task of in­tra-Party su­per­vi­sion, ac­cord­ing to the com­mu­nique re­leased af­ter the ses­sion, is to en­sure that the Party Con­sti­tu­tion, reg­u­la­tions and dis­ci­plines are ef­fec­tively car­ried out, and that prob­lems such as the weak­en­ing lead­ing role of the Party and loose Party gov­er­nance are solved.

"Un­re­stricted power or any un­su­per­vised Party mem­bers are not al­lowed to ex­ist within the Party," it said.

The Party also asked for hon­esty and loy­alty from its 88 mil­lion mem­bers na­tion­wide. Mem­bers shall be­come more aware of po­lit­i­cal in­tegrity, keep in mind the big­ger pic­ture, rec­og­nize the CPC as the core of Chi­nese lead­er­ship and align them­selves con­sis­tently with CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee pol­icy, the com­mu­nique said.

Luigi Gam­bardella, pres­i­dent of Chi­naEU, a Brussels-based plat­form that boosts China-EU ex­changes, said a more dis­ci­plined and united CPC will serve the coun­try's core ben­e­fit and will have a pos­i­tive in­flu­ence on the Chi­nese econ­omy's re­struc­tur­ing.

He added, "China's lead­er­ship with Xi Jin­ping at the core is vi­sion­ary, as they know the im­por­tance of the dig­i­tal trans­for­ma­tion of so­ci­ety and they also know how to bet­ter gov­ern the Party and serve the ci­ti­zens in the in­ter­net era, which is en­cour­ag­ing."

The meet­ing also de­cided that the 19th Na­tional Congress of the

CPC, a meet­ing held ev­ery five years at which a new Party lead­er­ship is elected, will be held in Bei­jing dur­ing the sec­ond half of 2017.

Given that a ma­jor per­son­nel reshuf­fle is un­der­way ahead of next year’s key meet­ing, the Party stressed that the se­lec­tion and ap­point­ment of of­fi­cials must not be con­tam­i­nated by out­side in­ter­fer­ence or mis­con­duct.

Re­quest­ing an of­fi­cial post, honor or spe­cial treat­ment is not al­lowed un­der any cir­cum­stances, the com­mu­nique said.

It also un­der­scored that the prac­tice of bar­gain­ing with Party or­ga­ni­za­tions to se­cure a pro­mo­tion or dis­obey­ing any de­ci­sions made by Party or­ga­ni­za­tions is also for­bid­den.

In­tra-Party democ­racy

In­tra-Party democ­racy is vi­tal to the CPC and is fun­da­men­tal to a pos­i­tive, healthy in­ter­nal po­lit­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment, ac­cord­ing to the com­mu­nique.

The Party’s var­i­ous re­spon­si­bili- ties con­cern­ing de­ci­sion-mak­ing, im­ple­men­ta­tion and su­per­vi­sion must be done in ac­cor­dance with the demo­cratic prin­ci­ples and pro­ce­dures stip­u­lated in the Party Con­sti­tu­tion and reg­u­la­tions, ac­cord­ing to the com­mu­nique.

“No Party or­ga­ni­za­tion or in­di­vid­ual should sup­press or un­der­mine in­tra-Party democ­racy,” it said.

Party au­thor­i­ties at all lev­els must con­duct thor­ough in­ves­ti­ga­tions and re­search, and solicit opin­ions from var­i­ous sides be­fore mak­ing any ma­jor de­ci­sions or ar­range­ments, said the com­mu­nique.

The rights of Party mem­bers to know, par­tic­i­pate in and su­per­vise and their rights in elec­tion must be en­sured, it said.

Ad­di­tion­ally, all Party mem­bers should equally en­joy their rights stip­u­lated in the Party Con­sti­tu­tion while per­form­ing obli­ga­tions equally, it said.

“No Party or­ga­ni­za­tion or mem­ber shall in­fringe upon the demo­cratic rights of CPC mem­bers,” the doc­u­ment said.

The com­mu­nique called on au­thor­i­ties to make it more con­ve­nient for Party mem­bers to ex­press their opin­ions and cre­ate a “po­lit­i­cal at­mos­phere of demo­cratic dis­cus­sion within the Party”.

Party mem­bers have the right to re­spon­si­bly ex­pose or re­port any Party or­ga­ni­za­tions or mem­bers break­ing the laws or flout­ing the Party’s dis­ci­plines, it said.

No Party or­ga­ni­za­tion or mem­ber shall in­fringe upon the demo­cratic rights of CPC mem­bers.” Com­mu­nique of the Sixth Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 18th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee

Xin­hua con­trib­uted to this story.

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