Ple­nary ses­sions since 2012


Seven ple­nary ses­sions are usu­ally held dur­ing ev­ery fiveyear term of the Com­mu­nist Party of China Cen­tral Com­mit­tee. The in­cum­bent 18th Cen­tralCom­mit­tee has held six ple­nar­ies since the Party’s 18th Na­tional Congress, in 2012.

The meet­ing saw the elec­tion of the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee’s Po­lit­i­cal Bu­reau and the bu­reau’s Stand­ing Com­mit­tee as well as the gen­eral sec­re­tary. Nom­i­na­tions for mem­bers of the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee Sec­re­tariat and Cen­tral Mil­i­tary Com­mis­sion were ap­proved.

The plenum heard and dis­cussed a work re­port by Gen­eral Sec­re­tary of the Party Xi Jin­ping on be­half of the Po­lit­i­cal Bu­reau. A list of top gov­ern­ment of­fi­cials and lead­ers of the Chi­nese Peo­ple’s Po­lit­i­cal Con­sul­ta­tive Con­fer­ence was ap­proved.

The plenum heard and dis­cussed an­other work re­port by Xi. De­ci­sions on ma­jor is­sues con­cern­ing deep­en­ing re­form were ap­proved, in­clud­ing re­forms in eco­nomic, po­lit­i­cal, cul­tural, so­cial, eco­log­i­cal and mil­i­tary ar­eas.

The con­struc­tion of a so­cial­ist le­gal sys­tem with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics was set as the main goal of com­pre­hen­sive ef­forts in strength­en­ing the rule of law. It was the first time in 17 years that the topic had been at the top of a plenum agenda since the rule of law con­cept was first raised.

The plenum heard and dis­cussed a work re­port by Xi. The 13thFive-Year Plan, a road map for eco­nomic and so­cial de­vel­op­ment be­tween 2016 and 2020, was ap­proved. For the first time, five con­cepts for de­vel­op­ment — in­no­va­tion, co­or­di­na­tion, green de­vel­op­ment, open­ness and shar­ing— were put for­ward in the plan. The plenum de­cided to al­low ev­ery mar­ried cou­ple in the coun­try to have a sec­ond child.

The­meet­ing dis­cussed­ma­jor is­sues re­lat­ing to strength­en­ing Party dis­ci­pline. The norms of po­lit­i­cal life within the Party un­der the new sit­u­a­tion and a re­vi­sion toan­in­tra-Party su­per­vi­sion reg­u­la­tion were is­sued.

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