Signees of Paris pact urged to take real mea­sures

De­vel­oped coun­tries asked to main­tain com­mit­ments to fight cli­mate change

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA - By XIN ZHIMING xinzhim­ing@chi­

China on Tues­day called for coun­tries who signed the Paris Agree­ment on Cli­mate Change to build po­lit­i­cal trust and take real mea­sures to im­ple­ment rel­e­vant agree­ments.

“This is our hope,” Xie Zhen­hua, China’s spe­cial rep­re­sen­ta­tive on cli­mate change, told a news con­fer­ence ahead of the newround of global cli­mate change talks in the Moroc­can city of Mar­rakech, sched­uled for Nov 7 to 18.

Xie said par­tic­i­pants in the Paris meet­ing late last year had played a con­struc­tive role in push­ing the global ini­tia­tive as they sought co­op­er­a­tion in the ne­go­ti­a­tions. “We hope such a tone con­tin­ues at the Mar­rakech talks.”

He said con­cerned coun­tries must meet their prom­ises to lay a solid foun­da­tion for fu­ture talks. For ex­am­ple, de­vel­oped coun­tries should main­tain their com­mit­ment to jointly pro­vide $100 bil­lion a year by 2020 for pro­grams to help de­vel­op­ing coun­tries gain cap­i­tal, tech­nol­ogy and ca­pac­i­ties to cut emis­sions, Xie said. “The sum should con­tinue to in­crease af­ter 2020.”

If de­vel­oped coun­tries are not ca­pa­ble of pro­vid­ing the promised fund­ing, they should give a clear timetable and road map on aid­ing de­vel­op­ing coun­tries’ ef­forts to fight cli­mate change, Xie said. “Some de­vel­oped coun­tries, such as the UK and Aus­tralia, have ex­pressed their con­fi­dence in meet­ing and even ex­ceed­ing the $100 bil­lion as­sis­tance tar­get.”

“The global fi­nan­cial cri­sis eight years ago and the en­su­ing eco­nomic down­turn have put fi­nan­cial pres­sures on the de­vel­oped world and some de­vel­oped na t ion s might find it dif­fi­cult to ear­mark such large sums of money for help­ing the emis­sion-cutting ini­tia­tives of de­vel­op­ing coun­tries,” said Liang Haim­ing, chief econ­o­mist of China Silk Road iVal­ley Re­search In­sti­tute, a Bei­jing-based think tank. “They might pri­or­i­tize do­mes­tic eco­nomic growth in­stead of the global re­duc­tion of emis­sions. China should play a lead­ing role in push­ing the global ini­tia­tive.”

The Paris Agree­ment, a global ac­cord ne­go­ti­ated by more than 190 gov­ern­ments to fight cli­mate change, will take ef­fect on Fri­day.

China has made head­way in meet­ing its emis­sion and en­ergy-use re­duc­tion tar­gets, Xie said. Its en­ergy use per unit of GDP, for ex­am­ple, dropped by 5.2 per­cent in the first three quar­ters com­pared with the whole of last year, al­ready ex­ceed­ing the whole-year tar­get of 3.4 per­cent for this year, he added.

China also plans to launch a na­tional car­bon trad­ing scheme next year, Xie said, adding that pi­lot pro­grams of the scheme have al­ready traded 120 mil­lion car­bon al­lowances, with to­tal transactions reach­ing 3.2 bil­lion yuan ($472.7 mil­lion).

China will soon re­lease its low-car­bon de­vel­op­ment strat­egy for the up­com­ing years un­til 2050, Xie said.

Xie Zhen­hua, China’s spe­cial rep­re­sen­ta­tive on cli­mate change

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