New on­line se­cu­rity law no bar­rier for trade

Re­views are ap­plied to both do­mes­tic and for­eign web prod­ucts, in­ter­net of­fi­cial says

China Daily (USA) - - TOP NEWS - By CAO YIN caoyin@chi­nadaily.com.cn

China’s first Cy­ber­se­cu­rity Law, un­veiled onMon­day, is not an at­tempt to block for­eign web prod­ucts and ser­vices, ac­cord­ing to the na­tion’s top in­ter­net watch­dog.

The law states that on­line prod­ucts and ser­vices, do­mes­tic and for­eign, that could form key in­ter­net in­fra­struc­ture or af­fect state se­cu­rity must pass a govern­ment re­view to en­ter the Chi­nese mar­ket.

Zhao Zeliang, direc­tor of cy­ber­se­cu­rity for the Cy­berspace Ad­min­is­tra­tion of China, in­sisted on Mon­day that the law is not in­tended to be a trade bar­rier.

“Cy­ber­se­cu­rity is a chal­lenge for ev­ery coun­try, not only China, and it re­quires us all to co­op­er­ate to over­come it,” he said. “The law is not there to re­strict any over­seas prod­uct or ser­vice in our mar­ket.

“Some peo­ple, es­pe­cially for­eign­ers, show great con­cern when we talk about safe and reli­able prod­ucts, be­cause in their minds they equate it to a trade bar­rier. This is a mis­un­der­stand­ing,” he said, adding that na­tional stan­dards for on­line prod­ucts and ser­vices have been con­sis­tent.

Zhao spoke at a news con­fer­ence on the leg­is­la­tion, which was passed at the re­cent ses­sion of the Na­tional Peo­ple’s Congress Stand­ing Com­mit­tee. The NPC is China’s top leg­is­la­ture.

All 79 ar­ti­cles in the Cy­ber­se­cu­rity Law, which comes into ef­fect on June 1, com­plies with in­ter­na­tional trade rules, “be­cause we’ve done in-depth stud­ies and so­licited pub­lic opin­ion for each”, he said.

“The law is de­signed to main­tain state sovereignty and state se­cu­rity, and safe­guard the rights of cit­i­zens, en­ter­prises and or­ga­ni­za­tions in cy­berspace.

“Dur­ing the law­mak­ing process, the bal­ance of se­cu­rity pro­tec­tion and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment was al­ways high­lighted.”

Zhao said cy­ber­se­cu­rity ef­forts will help to im­ple­ment China’s open­ing-up pol­icy, adding that Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping has said that the coun­try’s door will not and can­not be closed to the world.

Yang He­qing, deputy direc­tor of the Of­fice for Eco­nomic Law, part of the NPC Stand­ing Com­mit­tee’s Leg­isla­tive Af­fairs Com­mis­sion, said the law is vi­tal as China is an on­line su­per­power with 700 mil­lion ne­ti­zens and also a ma­jor tar­get for on­line at­tacks.

“Some on­line be­hav­ior, such as il­le­gal in­for­ma­tion, harms res­i­dents, and the leg­is­la­tion is to im­prove the gov­er­nance in cy­berspace by rule of law and also to clean up the on­line en­vi­ron­ment,” he said.

The law has clar­i­fied re­spon­si­bil­i­ties and obli­ga­tions for gov­ern­ments, en­ter­prises, op­er­a­tors and in­di­vid­u­als, “and in­creased the pro­tec­tion of per­sonal in­for­ma­tion”, he added.

Wang Sixin, a law pro­fes­sor spe­cial­iz­ing in cy­ber­se­cu­rity at the Com­mu­ni­ca­tion Univer­sity of China, said the check on prod­ucts and ser­vices is a ne­ces­sity.

“It’s a prac­ti­cal move in line with our de­mand of in­ter­net de­vel­op­ment,” he said.

But he added that the law is just a le­gal frame­work that can­not solve all on­line prob­lems. “It is the just the first step.”

Cy­ber­se­cu­rity is a chal­lenge for ev­ery coun­try, not only China, and it re­quires us all to co­op­er­ate to over­come it.”

Zhao Zeliang, direc­tor of cy­ber­se­cu­rity for the Cy­berspace Ad­min­is­tra­tion of China

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