Mon­i­tor­ing sta­tions freed of in­ter­fer­ence

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA - By ZHENG JINRAN zhengjin­ran@ chi­

China plans to make en­vi­ron­men­tal mon­i­tor­ing sta­tions in­de­pen­dent to im­prove mon­i­tor­ing data, a move that fa­cil­i­tates pol­i­cy­mak­ers’ de­ci­sions and helps to ef­fi­ciently re­duce pol­lu­tion, ex­perts said on Mon­day.

All ma­jor mon­i­tor­ing sta­tions for air, wa­ter, soil and off­shore ar­eas will be un­der the man­age­ment of the cen­tral govern­ment, which will cut in­fer­ence from lo­cal gov­ern­ments on data and as­sess­ments.

“En­vi­ron­men­tal mon­i­tor­ing is an im­por­tant ba­sis for sci­en­tific en­vi­ron­men­tal man­age­ment and de­ci­sions, and is im­por­tant for as­sess­ing lo­cal gov­ern­ments’ en­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion,” the min­istry said in a state­ment onMon­day.

“To guar­an­tee that mon­i­tor­ing data is ac­cu­rate and au­then­tic is the bot­tom line of en­vi­ron­men­tal mon­i­tor­ing, which can­not be vi­o­lated by any in­di­vid­ual or or­ga­ni­za­tion,” En­vi­ron­ment Min­is­ter Chen Jin­ing said.

The China Na­tional En­vi­ron­men­tal Mon­i­tor­ing Cen­ter di­rectly man­ages all 1,436 ma­jor air-qual­ity mon­i­tor­ing sta­tions in 338 ma­jor cities, which are usu­ally op­er­ated by lo­cal en­vi­ron­men­tal author­i­ties, Fu De­qian, deputy head of the cen­ter, said onMon­day.

China is con­fronted with many prob­lems, in­clud­ing reg­u­la­tions not be­ing im­ple­mented and a lack of tech­ni­cal stan­dards for mon­i­tor­ing, the min­istry said.

By 2020, China will build com­pre­hen­sive sys­tems to guar­an­tee the qual­ity of mon­i­tor­ing net­works on air, wa­ter and soil, mak­ing them ac­cu­rate and au­then­tic.

He Ke­bin, head of the School of En­vi­ron­ment at Ts­inghua Univer­sity said the plans are timely and nec­es­sary to help curb air pol­lu­tion onMon­day.

“Ac­cu­rate mon­i­tor­ing data could help re­searchers to proof their mod­els in fore­cast­ing and re­duc­ing air pol­lu­tion, a key link in im­prov­ing air qual­ity,” said He, adding that mon­i­tor­ing ser­vices need tech­ni­cal stan­dards.

In ad­di­tion, the so­lu­tion to re­duc­ing smog and ex­ces­sive ground-level ozone con­cen­tra­tions also rely on ac­cu­rate mon­i­tor­ing data, which could help re­searchers an­a­lyze sources of pol­lu­tion, said Zhang Yuan­hang, a pro­fes­sor at Pek­ing Univer­sity's Col­lege of En­vi­ron­men­tal Science and En­gi­neer­ing.

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