Bono’s agency finds wide online gender gap
Almost a third fewer women than men in the world’s poorest countries are connected to the internet and the gap is set to widen, limiting access to life-changing opportunities, an anti-poverty group said on Tuesday.
A study by the One organization, co-founded by Irish rock star Bono to tackle extreme poverty, found 18 percent ofmenin the 48 least developed nations are online compared with 12.5 percent of women, with a gender gap of 22.3 million or about 30 percent.
The analysis, released at Europe’s biggest tech event, the Web Summit, forecast the digital gender dividewouldwiden further by2020 to about 32 percent when factoring in population growth and current internet trends, to a gap of 53.5 million.
The report says a global target set by UN member states last year to have universal affordable internet access in the least developed countries by 2020 was off track.
Anti-poverty campaigners and tech leaders such as Facebook’s CEO MarkZuc ker berg have actively promoted the internet to help lift people out of poverty by connecting them to education and business opportunities as well as health services and banking.
David McNair, policy director of One, says the new analysis showed that almost 350 millionwomenand girls would remain unconnected by 2020 compared to about 290 million men due to a range of access, cultural and literacy factors.
“But the fact is that when you empower women and girls to more education and job opportunities thenthis also benefits their families, communities and countries,” McNair says.
While internet connectivity is assumed as a given inmany parts of the world, figures show that 53 percent of the world population — or 3.9 billion people—remains unconnected, according to the International Telecommunication Union.
The ITU, a UN agency for information and communication technologies, estimates almost 75 percent of people in Africa do not use the internet compared to 21 percent of Europeans, and usage rates are higher for men than women globally.
McNair says One was encouraging tech leaders among the up to 50,000 attendees at the Web Summit to recognize the importance of internet accessibility and affordability to the world’s poorest people and find solutions to address this.
He says governments needed to invest more in technology infrastructure and change laws to open up internet and mobile markets. The private sector also had a role to play in finding innovative ways to deliver the internet to communities, he says.