How Ja­pan and the US deal with the prob­lem

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA - By CHI­NADAILY

One in ev­ery four stu­dents in the United States has re­ported be­ing bul­lied dur­ing the aca­demic year, ac­cord­ing to a re­cent re­port pub­lished by the US Na­tional Cen­ter for Ed­u­ca­tional Statis­tics.

Georgia be­came the first state to im­ple­ment anti-bul­ly­ing leg­is­la­tion in the wake of the 1999 mas­sacre at Columbine High School in Colorado, one of the worst school-re­lated shoot­ings in US his­tory.

Since then, rec­og­niz­ing the dan­ger­ous long-term ef­fects of bul­ly­ing, the coun­try has made ef­forts to erad­i­cate it, and more than 120 bills have been adopted by state leg­is­la­tures.

Hun­dreds of anti-bul­ly­ing alerts are broad­cast ev­ery day, and ev­ery state has poli­cies against bul­ly­ing and cy­ber­bul­ly­ing that are based on, but not lim­ited to, race, color, na­tional ori­gin, gen­der, dis­abil­ity or re­li­gion.

Ev­ery school dis­trict must ad­here to the poli­cies, which in­clude manda­tory teacher train­ing, coun­sel­ing for vic­tims and se­vere con­se­quences for bul­lies when in­ci­dents are re­ported and proved.

School bul­ly­ing is also a prob­lem in Ja­pan, and has prompted the for­mu­la­tion of more than 30 laws and reg­u­la­tions.

An anti-bul­ly­ing law that out­lines the re­spon­si­bil­i­ties of schools and ad­min­is­tra­tive au­thor­i­ties came into ef­fect in 2013.

Ja­pan’s Ba­sic Pol­icy on the Preven­tion of Bul­ly­ing has re­cently worked to­ward de­vis­ing poli­cies that em­pha­size stu­dent ed­u­ca­tion in ac­cor­dance with so­cial norms, greater teacher aware­ness and manda­tory train­ing about chil­dren’s rights. Elona Neal con­trib­uted to this story.

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