Funeral industry offers bereaved a sense of dignity
My father passed away early last month at the age of 86 in a hospital in Beijing, one month after being diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. While heartbroken to see him pass away, the occasion provided me with a rare chance to take a close look into an industry that is largely ignored by most people — understandably because death remains a taboo subject — yet is so closely related with every one of us.
To be fair, the funeral business works well, with efficiency and humanity. We got everything done within two days. A video clip of my father’s pictures was shown on a screen at the memorial ceremony; and I felt I should thank the cosmetician profusely for the work he or she had done on my father to make him look his possible best, as if he was just asleep.
The products and services that are offered come with a price tag that plays on the psychology of onetime consumers. The rules that govern the behavior of consumers, who are often price-sensitive, don’t apply here anymore.
The undertaker’s, the largest in Beijing, offers a wide array of choices to bereaved family members, including burial clothes, wreaths, coffins, caskets, hearses and cremation.
Wreaths made of paper flowers can be rented free, but thosemadeof fresh flowers come at 700 yuan ($102.5) each. Couplets on the wreath, either printed or handwritten by calligraphers, are 20 yuan each.
The prices of caskets range from 200 yuan to around 25,000 yuan. Coffins cost between several hundred yuan and tens of thousands. But if you want a better cremation for your beloved one you have to buy a more expensive coffin, said to be madeof hardwoodthat can be burnt only in furnaces with higher-temperature and vaporization levels.
People are usually ready to dip deep into their pockets under such special circumstances, because they think doing otherwise would diminish their sense of sorrow, or even mean disrespect for the deceased. After all, for most people the experience is just once or twice in a lifetime, and they usually don’t care about how much they spend.
It seems that few sectors other than the funeral industry can enjoy such constant, stable and ever-expanding consumer demand, a primary driving force behind any business boom.
Around 10 million people die in China each year nowadays, as compared with 8 million in 2003. The number is expected to surge in coming years as the country enters an aging society.
There were more than 220 million senior people, aged at 60 or above, in the country by the end of 2015, or 16.1 percent of the total population, according to the National Bureau of Statistics.
The number of senior people is predicted to double by 2035, which means the market potential is immense for companies that provide such services as funerals, cremation, burial and memorials.
With about 5,000 undertakers and 1,500 cemeteries across the country in operation, the whole industry is now estimated to value 90 billion yuan, with an annual compound growth rate of around 15 percent.
Fu Shou Yuan Group, listed in Hong Kong in 2013, claims to be the largest service provider in the sector. It is also one of the most successful companies, with gross profit margin of up to 80 percent. Its profits reportedly come mostly from the cemeteries it operates across the country.
As the government opens the sector wider to private capital, I hope more such enterprises will emerge, with better services. Actually I feel indebted to those in the sector, who have helped greatly ease the misery I felt atmy dad’s departure. They let me realize that the loss of life, no matter great or ordinary, enjoys in-born dignity.
Mourners offer flowers at a cemetery in Shanghai.