Twenty-four So­lar Terms nom­i­nated for UNESCO cul­ture list

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA - By CHI­NADAILY

China’s Twenty-four So­lar Terms, a knowl­edge of time de­vel­oped through thou­sands of years of ob­ser­va­tion of the sun’s an­nual mo­tion, has been nom­i­nated for the 2016 Rep­re­sen­ta­tive List of the In­tan­gi­ble Cul­tur­alHer­itage ofHu­man­ity.

The nom­i­na­tion was an­nounced at the 11th Ses­sion of UNESCO’s In­ter­gov­ern­men­tal Com­mit­tee for the Safe­guard­ing of In­tan­gi­ble Cul­tural Her­itage, which opened in Ad­dis Ababa, cap­i­tal of Ethiopia, onMon­day.

Bring­ing to­gether nearly 650 del­e­gates in the East African na­tion from Mon­day to Fri­day, the meet­ing is to fo­cus on tra­di­tional songs, rit­u­als, cel­e­bra­tions and know-how.

China made the pro­posal to UNESCO in March last year. China has more than 30 in­tan­gi­ble cul­tural her­itages rec­og­nized by the or­ga­ni­za­tion, in­clud­ing Pek­ing Opera and acupunc­ture.

An­cient Chi­nese di­vided the sun’s an­nual mo­tion curve into twenty-four equal parts, with each part hav­ing its own so­lar term. Sum­ma­rized by Chi­nese an­ces­tors based on ob­ser­va­tion of the se­quen­tial vari­a­tions of as­tron­omy, tem­per­a­ture, pre­cip­i­ta­tion and phe­nol­ogy in the reaches of the Yel­low River, the Twen­tyfour So­lar Terms guided agri­cul­tural production and daily life. The sys­tem still in­flu­ences many Chi­nese peo­ple’s ways of think­ing and be­hav­ior.

In ad­di­tion to China’s pro­posal, the rep­re­sen­ta­tives of 24 States Par­ties to UNESCO’s Con­ven­tion for In­tan­gi­ble Cul­tur­alHer­itage will ex­am­ine 36 other re­quests for in­scrip­tion on the list.

Ethiopia’s Oromo Gada sys­tem, an in­dige­nous demo­cratic so­ciopo­lit­i­cal sys­tem, is also among the nom­i­na­tions.

Ethiopian Pres­i­den­tMu­latu Teshome said in his open­ing re­marks in Ad­dis Ababa that his coun­try, en­dowed with rich and dis­tinc­tive cul­tural val­ues, is an ideal place to host the meet­ing.

In ad­di­tion, the rep­re­sen­ta­tives will ex­am­ine five nom­i­na­tions for in­scrip­tion on the List of In­tan­gi­ble Cul­tural Her­itage in Need of Ur­gent Safe­guard­ing. Xin­hua con­trib­uted to this story.

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