DPRK test draws UN sanctions
The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution on Wednesday to tighten sanctions on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) in response to its fifth nuclear test in September.
Through the resolution, the 15-member council reaffirmed that the DPRK should not conduct any further nuclear tests, any launches using ballistic missile technology, or any other provocation, according to a UN press release.
A Xinhua News Agency report said that the council decided that the DPRK shall not supply, sell or transfer coal, iron and iron ore from its territory but excluded transactions for livelihood purposes.
The sanctions target revenue sources for DPRK’s nuclear or ballistic missile programmes, with the council for the first time imposing a limit on how much coal the DPRK can export per year, according to the UN.
Under the resolution, total exports of coal from the DPRK to all member states should not exceed $400 million or 7.5 million metric tons annually, whichever is lower, beginning Jan 1. For the remainder of this year, the ceiling is $53.4 million, or 1 million metric tons.
In addition, the resolution bans the sale of copper, nickel, silver, zinc and statues from the DPRK.
“I welcome the unanimous adoption of this new resolution. Maintaining such unity is crucial in tackling security challenges on the Korean Peninsula and beyond,” said UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.
The resolution adopted on Wednesday took nearly three months to materialize, following the nuclear test in September. “The time taken to reach agreement on this resolution vividly illustrates the complex nature of the challenge,” Ban said.
The resolution also contains additional measures aimed to further restrict the DPRK’s hard currency revenue and the activities of the DPRK’s diplomats and other officials.
The DPRK conducted a nuclear warhead explosion test on Sept 9. It was Pyongyang’s fifth nuclear test, following the previous one eight months earlier.
“The Chinese government firmly opposes such an act,” Liu Jieyi, China’s permanent representative to the UN, said