DPRK test draws UN sanc­tions

China Daily (USA) - - FRONT PAGE - By CHEN WEIHUA in New York chen­wei­hua@chi­nadai­lyusa.com

The United Na­tions Se­cu­rity Coun­cil unan­i­mously adopted a res­o­lu­tion on Wed­nes­day to tighten sanc­tions on the Demo­cratic Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of Korea (DPRK) in re­sponse to its fifth nu­clear test in Septem­ber.

Through the res­o­lu­tion, the 15-mem­ber coun­cil reaf­firmed that the DPRK should not con­duct any fur­ther nu­clear tests, any launches us­ing bal­lis­tic mis­sile tech­nol­ogy, or any other provo­ca­tion, ac­cord­ing to a UN press re­lease.

A Xin­hua News Agency re­port said that the coun­cil de­cided that the DPRK shall not sup­ply, sell or trans­fer coal, iron and iron ore from its ter­ri­tory but ex­cluded trans­ac­tions for liveli­hood pur­poses.

The sanc­tions tar­get rev­enue sources for DPRK’s nu­clear or bal­lis­tic mis­sile pro­grammes, with the coun­cil for the first time im­pos­ing a limit on how much coal the DPRK can ex­port per year, ac­cord­ing to the UN.

Un­der the res­o­lu­tion, to­tal ex­ports of coal from the DPRK to all mem­ber states should not ex­ceed $400 mil­lion or 7.5 mil­lion met­ric tons an­nu­ally, which­ever is lower, be­gin­ning Jan 1. For the re­main­der of this year, the ceil­ing is $53.4 mil­lion, or 1 mil­lion met­ric tons.

In ad­di­tion, the res­o­lu­tion bans the sale of cop­per, nickel, sil­ver, zinc and stat­ues from the DPRK.

“I wel­come the unan­i­mous adop­tion of this new res­o­lu­tion. Main­tain­ing such unity is cru­cial in tack­ling se­cu­rity chal­lenges on the Korean Penin­sula and be­yond,” said UN Sec­re­tary Gen­eral Ban Ki-moon.

The res­o­lu­tion adopted on Wed­nes­day took nearly three months to ma­te­ri­al­ize, fol­low­ing the nu­clear test in Septem­ber. “The time taken to reach agree­ment on this res­o­lu­tion vividly il­lus­trates the com­plex na­ture of the chal­lenge,” Ban said.

The res­o­lu­tion also con­tains ad­di­tional mea­sures aimed to fur­ther re­strict the DPRK’s hard cur­rency rev­enue and the ac­tiv­i­ties of the DPRK’s diplo­mats and other of­fi­cials.

The DPRK con­ducted a nu­clear war­head ex­plo­sion test on Sept 9. It was Py­ongyang’s fifth nu­clear test, fol­low­ing the pre­vi­ous one eight months ear­lier.

“The Chi­nese gov­ern­ment firmly op­poses such an act,” Liu Jieyi, China’s per­ma­nent rep­re­sen­ta­tive to the UN, said

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