Texts to rec­og­nize en­tire war of re­sis­tance

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA - By SUN XIAOCHEN sunx­i­aochen@ chi­nadaily.com.cn

China’s top ed­u­ca­tion author­ity has im­ple­mented a re­vi­sion of text­books on the length of the coun­try’s war against Ja­panese ag­gres­sion, as sup­ported by schol­ars and the pub­lic.

The Min­istry of Ed­u­ca­tion last week urged ed­u­ca­tion de­part­ments across the coun­try to re­vise text­books for pri­mary and sec­ondary schools by ex­tend­ing the of­fi­cial pe­riod of the war from eight to 14 years.

In pre­vi­ous text­books, the Chi­nese War of Re­sis­tance Against Ja­panese Ag­gres­sion lasted for eight years be­gin­ning on July 7, 1937, af­ter Ja­panese troops bombed Lu­gou Bridge and Wan­ping county in south­west Bei­jing, and end­ing on Aug 15, 1945, when Ja­pan de­clared its un­con­di­tional sur­ren­der.

In the re­vised ver­sion, the start of the war be­gan on Sept 18, 1931, when Ja­panese troops blew up a sec­tion of rail­way in Shenyang, Liaon­ing prov­ince, and at­tacked the Chi­nese garrison quar­tered in the city, the be­gin­ning of its oc­cu­pa­tion of China’sNorth­east re­gion.

The re­vi­sion has been fin­ished and the new text­books will be used from the 2017 spring se­mes­ter on­ward, Bei­jing News re­ported on Tues­day, quot­ing an un­named of­fi­cial from the min­istry’s ba­sic ed­u­ca­tion depart­ment.

Cit­ing the sig­nif­i­cance of restor­ing his­tory, some Chi­nese schol­ars and ob­servers have called for a re­def­i­ni­tion of the be­gin­ning and length of the war.

Xue Gang, a Bei­jing-based vol­un­teer re­searcher­whos­pe­cial­izes in Chi­nese his­tory dur­ingWorldWar II, ap­plauded the re­vi­sion for bet­ter ed­u­cat­ing younger gen­er­a­tions.

“It should’ve been done ear­lier. The July 7 In­ci­dent in

The re­vi­sion re­mains closer to the truth and will work bet­ter for pro­mo­tion, ed­u­ca­tion and com­mem­o­ra­tion of his­tory.”

Xu Yong,

pro­fes­sor of his­tory at Pek­ing Univer­sity

1937 was the be­gin­ning of China’s na­tion­wide full-scale war against the Ja­panese in­va­sion, but the fight of re­gional re­sis­tance ac­tu­ally be­gun much ear­lier in 1931,” Xue said on Tues­day.

“That part of his­tory, from 1931 to 1937, of peo­ple­andgar­ri­son sol­diers in North­east China fight­ing against Ja­panese ag­gres­sors de­spite strug­gle and sac­ri­fice had been ne­glected for a long time. It’s time to teach younger gen­er­a­tions the full his­tory,” he said.

Xu Yong, a pro­fes­sor of his­tory at Pek­ing Univer­sity, agreed, cit­ing the im­por­tance of ac­knowl­edg­ing and com­mem­o­rat­ing the con­tri­bu­tion of peo­ple who stood up against the in­va­sion dur­ing that pe­riod.

“Ac­cord­ing to a com­pre­hen­sive study on his­tor­i­cal ma­te­rial and doc­u­ments, the re­vi­sion re­mains closer to the truth and will work bet­ter for pro­mo­tion, ed­u­ca­tion and com­mem­o­ra­tion of his­tory,” he said.

To com­mem­o­rate the 85th an­niver­sary of the Septem­ber 18 In­ci­dent in Shenyang in 2016, Vice-Premier Liu Yan­dong struck a bell 14 times, rep­re­sent­ing the 14 years of Chi­nese peo­ple’s fight against Ja­panese ag­gres­sors.

LIU QINLI / FOR CHINA DAILY

Po­lice of­fi­cers show­case de­fense tac­tics against a po­ten­tial blade-wield­ing sus­pect out­side a shop­ping mall in Bozhou, An­hui prov­ince, on Tues­day. The event was held to en­cour­age the pub­lic to re­port dan­ger­ous sit­u­a­tions to po­lice and to ed­u­cate the pub­lic about self-pro­tec­tion.

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