Ex­perts wel­come cen­tral poverty re­lief in­spec­tion

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA - By ZHANG YAN zhangyan1@chi­nadaily.com.cn

Ex­perts say a spe­cial in­spec­tion of poverty re­lief work in 26 prov­inces, re­gions, gov­ern­ment bodies and banks will en­sure gov­ern­ment poli­cies are im­ple­mented fully, poverty al­le­vi­a­tion funds are used prop­erly, and the coun­try’s goal of rid­ding ru­ral ar­eas of ab­so­lute poverty in three years is re­al­ized.

An­nounced by the Com­mu­nist Party of China Cen­tral Com­mit­tee this week, the spe­cial in­spec­tion is the first to look solely at Party or­ga­ni­za­tions’ in­volve­ment in poverty re­lief work in such ar­eas.

It will ef­fec­tively su­per­vise the im­ple­men­ta­tion of cen­tral gov­ern­ment poli­cies by lo­cal Party or­ga­ni­za­tions and dis­ci­pline in­spec­tion com­mis­sions and en­sure they fully per­form their du­ties in solv­ing prob­lems in poverty al­le­vi­a­tion, said Jiang Laiy­ong, a re­searcher at the Re­search Cen­ter of Clean Gov­er­nance at the Chi­nese Academy of So­cial Sci­ences.

The poverty re­lief funds in those ar­eas are large, he said, mak­ing it “easy to breed bribery and other cor­rup­tion cases”.

“So the in­spec­tors have strength­ened ef­forts to mon­i­tor the Party or­ga­ni­za­tions in those ar­eas to pre­vent such graft is­sues, then make sure those funds will be used to meet prac­ti­cal needs to get rid of poverty,” Jiang said.

Ac­cord­ing to the au­thor­i­ties, the cen­tral in­spec­tion teams will in­spect eight prov­inces — Jilin, An­hui, Jiangxi, Hubei, Yun­nan, Shaanxi, Gansu and Qing­hai — as well as the In­ner Mon­go­lia, Guangxi Zhuang, Xin­jiang Uygur and Ti­bet au­ton­o­mous re­gions, and Chongqing mu­nic­i­pal­ity.

The 13 gov­ern­ment bodies and banks on the list in­clude the Na­tional Devel­op­ment and Re­form Com­mis­sion, Min­istry of Ed­u­ca­tion, Min­istry of Civil Af­fairs, Min­istry of Fi­nance, Min­istry of Hu­man Re­sources and So­cial Se­cu­rity, Min­istry of Hous­ing and Ur­ban-Ru­ral Devel­op­ment, Min­istry of Trans­port, the Na­tional Health Com­mis­sion and the State Coun­cil Lead­ing Group Of­fice of Poverty Al­le­vi­a­tion and Devel­op­ment, as well as Agri­cul­tural Devel­op­ment Bank of China and Agri­cul­tural Bank of China.

In Oc­to­ber last year, Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping, who is also gen­eral sec­re­tary of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee, de­liv­ered a re­port at the 19th CPC Na­tional Congress in which he called for res­o­lute fight­ing in three bat­tles — solv­ing ma­jor risks, elim­i­nat­ing poverty and con­trol­ling pol­lu­tion — to build a well-off so­ci­ety ac­cept­able to the peo­ple and able to with­stand the test of his­tory.

In May, the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee and the State Coun­cil, China’s Cab­i­net, jointly is­sued guid­ance on the launch of a three-year spe­cial ac­tion plan to rid the coun­try of poverty.

“Year 2018 is es­sen­tial to cope with the ob­vi­ous prob­lems in­volv­ing poverty re­lief, such as fail­ure to per­form du­ties of rel­e­vant au­thor­i­ties and dis­ci­pline in­spec­tion com­mis­sions, un­tar­geted work mea­sures, and mis­use and em­bez­zle­ment of poverty al­le­vi­a­tion funds,” said Gao Bo, deputy head of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mis­sion for Dis­ci­pline In­spec­tion group sta­tioned at CASS.

Wu Haiy­ing, a se­nior of­fi­cial from the cen­tral in­spec­tion team, told China Cen­tral Tele­vi­sion, “It’s more than nec­es­sary to ini­ti­ate the spe­cial in­spec­tions to tackle ex­ist­ing prob­lems, to en­sure all the ru­ral ar­eas and poverty-stricken coun­ties will be lifted out of poverty be­fore 2020.”

Dur­ing the in­spec­tion, in­spec­tors will fo­cus on mon­i­tor­ing Party or­ga­ni­za­tions’ im­ple­men­ta­tion of ma­jor cen­tral gov­ern­ment poli­cies and de­ci­sions and their per­for­mance of their main du­ties.

They will also mon­i­tor dis­ci­pline in­spec­tion com­mis­sions in the prov­inces, re­gions, gov­ern­ment bodies and banks to see how they have per­formed their su­per­vi­sory roles and es­tab­lished im­proved meth­ods for deal­ing with poverty prob­lems.

The in­spec­tors will also ex­am­ine the need for train­ing in those ar­eas and set up pro­fes­sional teams to tackle poverty is­sues.

Cen­tral in­spec­tion teams pre­vi­ously in­spected Party or­ga­ni­za­tions’ in­volve­ment in poverty re­lief in nine prov­inces and re­gions, in­clud­ing Shanxi, He­nan and Hainan prov­inces, as part of a wider-rang­ing in­spec­tion.

That in­spec­tion found prob­lems in seven prov­inces and re­gions, in­clud­ing He­nan, where poverty-re­lief mea­sures were not ad­e­quately tar­geted and the style of work was un­re­al­is­tic, and pro­posed rec­ti­fi­ca­tion plans.

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