Ex­pert: Na­tion is on track for car­bon tar­get

China Daily - - FRONT PAGE - By WANG YANFEI in Bonn, Ger­many wangyan­fei@chi­nadaily.com.cn

China is on track to up­hold com­mit­ments un­der the Paris cli­mate ac­cord, but some de­vel­oped coun­tries need to show their sin­cer­ity to push the on­go­ing di­a­logue for­ward, ac­cord­ing to China’s top cli­mate en­voy.

“We are ca­pa­ble of achiev­ing more than what we pledged in the Paris Agree­ment,” said Xie Zhen­hua, China’s special rep­re­sen­ta­tive on cli­mate change. “The thing is, the Paris Agree­ment can­not be ful­filled with­out ef­forts from ev­ery­one within.”

Nearly 200 economies agreed in Paris in De­cem­ber 2015 to curb car­bon diox­ide emis­sions, with the aim of lim­it­ing the rise in av­er­age global tem­per­a­tures to 1.5 de­grees Cel­sius by 2050, com­pared with prein­dus­trial lev­els.

Xie said China is likely to peak its car­bon emis­sions ahead of the sched­uled date of 2030 and will launch the national car­bon trade mar­ket soon af­ter re­ceiv­ing ap­proval from the cen­tral gov­ern­ment.

The prepa­ra­tion for open­ing of the mar­ket has en­tered the fi­nal phase, he said.

He said there is no need to ne­go­ti­ate any­more on rais­ing China’s pledges dur­ing this year’s cli­mate talks, as “all has been set­tled in the pact”.

“The key is to solve dis­putes across dif­fer­ent al­lies,” he said.

Ne­go­tia­tors from nearly 200 par­ties gath­ered in Bonn, Ger­many, to ham­mer out de­tails for im­ple­ment­ing the Paris cli­mate ac­cord.

Ma­jor dis­putes have arisen be­tween de­vel­oped and de­vel­op­ing coun­tries as the talks

en­tered the sec­ond week.

The two re­main at log­ger­heads on key is­sues such as cli­mate fi­nanc­ing and pre-2020 ac­tions, ac­cord­ing to Xie.

De­vel­oped na­tions pledged to pro­vide $100 bil­lion to help poorer coun­tries tackle cli­mate change, but the widen­ing fi­nanc­ing gap due to the US with­drawal has yet to be filled by other de­vel­oped na­tions.

Some de­vel­oped na­tions refuse to put more ef­forts on cut­ting car­bon emis­sions in the com­ing years, as there are no bind­ing tar­gets set in the Paris Agree­ment be­fore 2020.

“There is no time for cli­mate lag­gards,” Xie said. “We need to put things onto the ta­ble and sin­cerely work to solve them.”

Top cli­mate of­fi­cials from China, the European Union and Canada, rep­re­sent­ing three dif­fer­ent blocs, held a con­fer­ence on the side­line of the cli­mate talks on Mon­day, but no for­mal re­sults were re­leased af­ter the meet­ing was de­layed for more than an hour.

EU com­mis­sioner on cli­mate Miguel Arias Canete said he ex­pected more re­sults in the com­ing days as talks at the po­lit­i­cal level get un­der­way.

Chai Qimin, di­rec­tor of the international co­op­er­a­tion depart­ment of the National Cen­ter for Cli­mate Change Strat­egy and International Co­op­er­a­tion, said de­vel­oped na­tions should come out with con­crete steps for pre-2020 ac­tions as soon as pos­si­ble dur­ing the con­fer­ence, as few want to leave progress un­til the last minute.

“With­out con­tin­ued fi­nan­cial sup­port from de­vel­oped na­tions, poor na­tions will be ex­posed un­der se­vere cli­mate risks,” said Guo Hongyu, a se­nior re­searcher at the NGO Green­o­va­tion Hub. “We will face more dif­fi­cul­ties in the post-2020 pe­riod if prob­lems dur­ing 2020 are not ad­dressed.”

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