Ref­er­ences:

China Economist - - Articles -

[1] Asian De­vel­op­ment Bank. 2012. Asian De­vel­op­ment Out­look 2012 Up­date: Ser­vices and Asia’s Fu­ture Growth. Manila: Asian De­vel­op­ment Bank.

[2] Bos­worth, Barry, and Su­san M. Collins. 2008. “Ac­count­ing for Growth: Com­par­ing China and In­dia.” Jour­nal of Eco­nomic Per­spec­tives.

[3] Brandt, Loren, and Xiaodong Zhu. 2010. “Ac­coun­ing for China’s Growth.” IZA Dis­cussing Pa­per No.48764.

[4] Brandt, Loren, Chang-Tai Hsieh, and Xiaodong Zhu. 2008. “Growth and Struc­tural Trans­for­ma­tion in China.” In China’s Great Eco­nomic Trans­for­ma­tion edited by Loren Brandt and Thomas Rawski. Cam­bridge: Cam­bridge Uni­ver­sity Press.

[5] Brandt, Loren, Trevor Tombe, and Xiaodong Zhu. 2013. “Fac­tor Mar­ket Dis­tor­tions across Time, Space and Sec­tors in China.” Re­view of Eco­nomic Dy­nam­ics, 16(1): 39-58.

[6] Cai, Fang. 2011. “The­o­ries, Ex­pe­ri­ences and Rel­e­vance of Mid­dle In­come Trap.” Eco­nomic Per­spec­tives.

[7] Cai, Fang. 2013. “How Should China Shift To­wards TFP-Driven Growth.” China So­cial Sciences, Vol.1.

[8] Chen, Ji­agui et al. 2007. Report of China’s In­dus­tri­al­iza­tion Process. Bei­jing: So­cial Sciences Literature Press,.

[9] Chen­ery, Hol­lis B. et al. 1989. In­ter­na­tional Com­par­i­son of In­dus­tri­al­iza­tion and Eco­nomic Growth. Shang­hai: Shang­hai Peo­ple’s Press.

[10] Chere­mukhin, An­ton, Golosov Sergei, and Tsyvin­ski Aleh. 2015. “The Econ­omy of Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China from 1953.” CEPR Dis­cus­sion Pa­per No. DP10764.

[11] China’s Eco­nomic Growth and Macroe­co­nomic Sta­bil­ity Re­search Group. 2009. “Ur­ban­iza­tion, In­dus­trial Ef­fi­ciency and Eco­nomic Growth.” Eco­nomic Re­search Jour­nal, Vol.10.

[12] China’s Eco­nomic Growth Fron­tier Re­search Group. 2012. “China’s Long-Term Growth Path, Ef­fi­ciency and Po­ten­tial Growth Level.” Eco­nomic Re­search Jour­nal, Vol.11.

[13] ——. 2013. “Struc­tural Char­ac­ter­is­tics, Risks and Ef­fi­ciency Im­prove­ment Paths of China’s Eco­nomic Tran­si­tion.” Eco­nomic Re­search Jour­nal, Vol.10.

[14] ——. 2014. “In­ef­fi­ciency Shocks of China’s Eco­nomic Growth and De­cel­er­a­tion Coun­ter­mea­sures.” Eco­nomic Re­search Jour­nal, Vol.12.

[15] ——. 2015. “New Fac­tor Sup­ply The­o­ries for Over­com­ing Growth De­cel­er­a­tion, In­sti­tu­tional and Pol­icy Op­tions.” Eco­nomic Re­search Jour­nal, Vol.11.

[16] ——. 2017. “Gen­eral Report: To­wards Medium and High-End De­vel­op­ment and Sup­ply-Side Struc­tural Re­forms.” In Eco­nomic Growth Blue Pa­per (2017-2018). Bei­jing: So­cial Sciences Literature Press.

[17] Dekle, Robert and Guil­laume Van­den­broucke. 2010. “Whither Chi­nese Growth? A Sec­toral Growth Ac­count­ing Ap­proach.” Re­view of De­vel­op­ment Eco­nomics, 14(s1): 487-498.

[18] ——. 2012. “A Quan­ti­ta­tive Anal­y­sis of China’s Struc­tural Trans­for­ma­tion.” Jour­nal of Eco­nomic Dy­nam­ics and Con­trol, 36:119-135.

[19] Eichen­green, B., Park, D., and Shin, K. 2012. “When Fast Grow­ing Economies Slow Down: In­ter­na­tional Ev­i­dence and Im­pli­ca­tions for China.” Asian Eco­nomic Pa­pers, 11: 42-87.

[20] ——. 2014. “Growth Slow­downs Re­dux.” Ja­pan and the World Econ­omy, 32: 65-84.

[21] Gen­eral Af­fairs Depart­ment of State Com­mis­sion for Re­struc­tur­ing. 1988. China’s Re­form Ap­proach. Shenyang: Shenyang Press.

[22] Holz, Carsten. 2006. Mea­sur­ing Chi­nese Pro­duc­tiv­ity Growth, 1952-2005. Man­u­script, Hong Kong Uni­ver­sity of Science and Tech­nol­ogy work­ing pa­per.

[23] ——. 2013a. “Chi­nese Sta­tis­tics: Clas­si­fi­ca­tion Sys­tems and Data Sources.” Eurasian Ge­og­ra­phy and Eco­nomics, 54(5): 532-571. [24] ——. 2013b. The Qual­ity of China’s GDP Sta­tis­tics. Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity, SCID Work­ing Pa­per 487.

[25] Jin, Tao, Tao Xinyu. 2015. “Anal­y­sis and Com­par­i­son of China’s Sus­tained Eco­nomic Growth Mo­men­tum.” Jour­nal of Quan­ti­ta­tive &

Tech­ni­cal Eco­nomics, Vol.11.

为的瞬时完成,与知识产品相关的消费应被看作一个过程——这是现代生产性服务业的新特征。这与知识生产消费的方式有关,“人—人”面对面交流过程中,知识生产者创造、传播知识,消费者接受、吸收知识,在市场交换的情景中,消费者根据信息流(时间上的信息发送)的新奇性支付费用。在这个过程中,消费者根据心理需求的满足程度,对不同的知识流给出自愿的支付,高水平的知识产生溢价。

消费把空间资本化。消费的迂回性,即经济服务化时代的网络化与工业化时代的网络化最大的不同,在于知识信息网络化的作用凸显。因此,发达经济城市化阶段的消费,除实现了时间的资本化外,还实现了空间的资本化,主要是借助于互联网提高知识密集型服务业的可贸易性、“人—人”面对面交流距离的拉近等。消费的这种空间资本化,一方面有利于知识流和新奇的传播扩散,提高知识生产率、扩大知识产出;另一方面有利于消费市场分割的细化,使得在信息冗余大量存在的情况下提取定制化服务成为可能,专用性的知识服务和溢价也因此被抽取出来,从而指出了现代服务业结构升级和效率提升的方向。

知识过程的发生、循环和扩展,本质上是物质生产循环向以人为载体的知识循环体系的转换。因此,循环的起点逐步从生产转向消费,通过知识消费、知识网络的互动产生高质量的知识消费服务和创新溢价。知识过程如果不能有效地融合到传统的物质生产循环之中,那么,服务业升级转型和以人为主体的知识服务循环体系也将会失去作用。特别是对于经济追赶国家而言,服务化进程中的效率模式重塑,消费结构升级将面临严重的制度挑战,把握不好就会导致转型失败,这一转变路径具有极高的结构和制度“门槛”。

整体而言,改革开放近40年来,中国经济正由高速增长阶段迈进高质量发展阶段,当前正处在转变发展方式、优化经济结构、转换增长动力的攻关期,建设现代化经济体系是跨越关口的迫切需要,也是我国经济发展的重要战略目标。因此,我们必须以供给侧结构性改革为主线,推动经济增长质量提升和效率提升,挖掘新的增长动力,提高全要素生产率,从而构建出市场机制有效、宏观调控有度、微观主体有活力的经济体制,提升整个国家的经济实力和国际竞争力,为实现“两个一百年”的发展目标打下坚实的基础。

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from China

© PressReader. All rights reserved.