类脑智能Brain-in­spired In­tel­li­gence

China Pictorial (English) - - Buzzwords - Edited by Li Zhuoxi

Brain-in­spired in­tel­li­gence refers to a next-gen­er­a­tion ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence (AI) sys­tem mod­eled to mimic hu­man brain be­hav­ior us­ing neu­ral struc­tures and an in­for­ma­tion management scheme. It’s a re­vised AI sys­tem sim­u­lat­ing hu­man think­ing through the study of the hu­man brain.

In­tel­li­gen­ti­za­tion has be­come the goal for the next step of the tech­no­log­i­cal progress, and the hu­man brain has be­come the holy grail of AI. The devel­op­ment of brain-in­spired in­tel­li­gence could help hu­mans learn how the brain han­dles in­for­ma­tion, which could in turn in­spire dras­tic im­prove­ment in a wide va­ri­ety of fields.

China es­tab­lished its first statelevel brain-in­spired in­tel­li­gence engi­neer­ing lab­o­ra­tory, the Na­tional Engi­neer­ing Lab­o­ra­tory for Brain-in­spired In­tel­li­gence Tech­nol­ogy and Ap­pli­ca­tion (NELBIITA), in He­fei, cap­i­tal of An­hui Prov­ince, through joint ef­forts from Fu­dan Univer­sity, Shenyang Au­to­ma­tion Re­search In­sti­tute un­der the Chi­nese Acad­emy of Sciences (CAS), the Mi­cro-elec­tron­ics Re­search In­sti­tute un­der the CAS and Baidu Inc., un­der the di­rec­tion of the Univer­sity of Science and Tech­nol­ogy of China (USTC).

The lab­o­ra­tory spe­cial­izes in re­search on the hu­man brain mech­a­nism and devel­op­ing AI tech­nol­ogy, us­ing the hu­man brain mech­a­nism as a ref­er­ence point to im­prove emerg­ing in­dus­tries such as brain­in­spired cra­nial nerve chips and brain-in­spired in­tel­li­gent ro­bots.

Ac­cord­ing to Wu Feng, di­rec­tor of the NELBIITA and ex­ec­u­tive dean of the School of In­for­ma­tion Science and Tech­nol­ogy un­der the USTC, the devel­op­ment of brain­in­spired in­tel­li­gence is hin­dered by three bot­tle­necks: un­cer­tainty about the brain mech­a­nism, in­ac­cu­rate mod­els and meth­ods of brain- in­spired cal­cu­la­tion and re­straints of com­put­ing fab­rics and ca­pa­bil­i­ties. The bot­tle­necks could be over­come via the fol­low­ing six steps:

A. Con­duct big data anal­y­sis on the hu­man brain to grasp its op­er­a­tional laws.

B. Help brain-in­spired in­tel­li­gence learn the ba­sic func­tions of the hu­man brain by im­i­tat­ing its visual per­cep­tion, au­di­tory per­cep­tion and lan­guage pro­cess­ing to ul­ti­mately make in­tel­li­gent de­ci­sions sim­i­larly to the hu­man brain.

C. In­sert chips into brain­in­spired in­tel­li­gence and pro­duce them in batches that can be widely ap­plied in var­i­ous sec­tors.

D. Erect a brain-in­spired com­put­ing plat­form for large-scale con­cur­rent com­pu­ta­tion.

E. Es­tab­lish a brand-new com­put­ing sys­tem for hu­man brain com­puter cal­cu­la­tion based on quan­tum tech­nol­ogy.

F. De­velop brain-in­spired in­tel­li­gent ro­bots with in­de­pen­dent abil­i­ties.

Not long ago, four Chi­nese govern­ment de­part­ments in­clud­ing the Min­istry of Science and Tech­nol­ogy jointly is­sued the Na­tional Spe­cial­ized Plan for Ba­sic Re­search un­der the13th Five-year Plan (2016-2020), tar­get­ing long-term ma­jor strate­gic de­mands of na­tional im­por­tance for ba­sic re­search of key sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal projects, one of which is brain science and re­search. VCG

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