Quan Ruix­ian: For Peo­ple’s Safety

China Today (English) - - CONTENTS - By staff re­porters YANG LU, HU BIN & MA BEN

From health care worker to prop­erty mogul, and then later re­searcher of nat­u­ral haz­ards such as earth­quakes and smog, the pres­i­dent of Huirui Prop­erty Ser­vice Co., Ltd, tells us her unique view af­ter sur­vey­ing, re­search­ing and ex­plor­ing the se­crets of na­ture.

FROM health care worker to prop­erty mogul, and then later re­searcher of nat­u­ral haz­ards such as earth­quakes and smog, Quan Ruix­ian, pres­i­dent of Huirui Prop­erty Ser­vice Co., Ltd, ap­plies her unique view to sur­vey, re­search and ex­plore the se­crets of na­ture.

Win­ning over the Mar­ket via In­no­va­tion and In­tegrity

China To­day: We have heard that you work in real es­tate, and that your com­pany was the first pri­vate real es­tate en­ter­prise in Zhan­jiang City.

Quan Ruix­ian: Yes, I used to be a health care worker. In 1993, how­ever, I was trans­ferred to Zhan­jiang Ed­u­ca­tion Real Es­tate Agency. Two years later, I de­cided to es­tab­lish Hong­sheng Trad­ing Co., Ltd, and changed the name to Hong­sheng Real Es­tate Co., Ltd, in 1996. It be­came the first pri­vate real es­tate com­pany ap­proved by the Zhan­jiang Con­struc­tion Com­mis­sion. With 2012 came the estab­lish­ment of Huirui Prop­erty Ser­vice Co., Ltd, whose main busi­ness in­volves prop­erty man­age­ment, real es­tate de­vel­op­ment and com­mer­cial op­er­a­tion.

With guar­an­teed qual­ity as our watch­word, in 1997 we spent only eight months on build­ing the Nan­fang Build-

Quan Ruix­ian, pres­i­dent of Huirui Prop­erty Ser­vice Co., Ltd, ap­plies her unique view to sur­vey, re­search and ex­plore the se­crets of na­ture.

ing, which reached full oc­cu­pancy within a year. The Xinchun Build­ing – our en­su­ing project – also spawned a sales mir­a­cle. In 2002 we de­vel­oped Mingyayuan, a mul­ti­func­tional and fash­ion­able high-end hous­ing com­plex that rapidly sold out. I was re­ally for­tu­nate to have made a hit and earn “the first bucket of gold” from my first busi­ness.

China To­day: You suc­ceeded in your first busi­ness ven­ture and be­came fa­mous in the real es­tate in­dus­try in south­ern China. How did you do that? Is there any im­pres­sive trick or se­cret to your suc­cess?

Quan Ruix­ian: In my view, do­ing busi­ness re­quires one to be coura­geous and knowl­edge­able, but it also de­pends on wis­dom and dili­gence.

I firmly be­lieve that in­no­va­tion is the vi­tal force for an en­ter­prise, and that in­tegrity can win over the world. Since we es­tab­lished Hong­sheng, we have en­shrined the pre­cepts of a peo­ple ori­en­ta­tion, su­pe­rior qual­ity, and win­ning over the mar­ket through in­tegrity in our man­age­ment pol­icy.

De­vel­op­ing an old ur­ban district is a headache for any de­vel­oper. For ex­am­ple, one of our projects sits next to a mid­dle school, and the sewer line ad­joins the school. In or­der to en­sure work dead­lines and not dis­rupt learn­ing, I man­aged to con­tact the deputy district head tasked with over­sight of ed­u­ca­tion and the di­rec­tor gen­eral of ur­ban con­struc­tion. To­gether with the head­mas­ter, we formed a co­or­di­na­tion team. Af­ter rounds of ne­go­ti­a­tion and co­or­di­na­tion, we hit upon a method that did not af­fect school in­struc­tion while also en­sur­ing that con­struc­tion pro­ceeded with celer­ity and was com­pleted on sched­ule. In such case, first, we con­sider the other side’s stance, then look at so­lu­tions, and ne­go­ti­ate and con­sult with one another via sin­cere di­a­logues and ac­tions. Af­ter gain­ing each other’s un­der­stand­ing and sup­port, prob­lems be­come sus­cep­ti­ble to sat­is­fac­tory res­o­lu­tion.

Lots of “un­ex­pected con­tin­gen­cies” need to be solved dur­ing busi­ness op­er­a­tions, and this tests an en­tre­pre­neur’s wis­dom and met­tle. I used to draw up and draft of­fi­cial doc­u­ments and print leaflets per­son­ally. Who would have thought that such low-cost ad­ver­tis­ing could have cre­ated a prece­dent for real es­tate mar­ket­ing in Zhan­jiang?

China To­day: Ta­lent and qual­ity are the keys to en­ter­prise de­vel­op­ment. How do you grasp hold of these in prac­tice?

Quan Ruix­ian: As pres­i­dent, I place cul­ti­va­tion and man­age­ment of ta­lent first. At work, I am metic­u­lous and ap­point peo­ple ac­cord­ing to merit, erect­ing a plat­form for em­ploy­ees to de­velop their abil­i­ties. Af­ter work, I sin­cerely care for them. If they have any fam­ily con­cerns, I help them gen­er­ously, gain­ing their trust and sup­port through my heart­felt con­cern.

Qual­ity is the life of an en­ter­prise. In or­der to guar­an­tee qual­ity, I ini­tially worked on-site ev­ery­day to learn knowl- edge re­lat­ing to real es­tate, such as con­struc­tion, con­crete cast­ing, elec­tri­cal power sup­ply and heat­ing, hop­ing to be­come an adept. Fur­ther­more, a strict sys­tem of qual­ity con­trol was in­sti­tuted. From ma­te­rial pur­chases to con­struc­tion, each link is car­ried out ac­cord­ing to rigid op­er­at­ing in­struc­tions. This strict qual­ity su­per­vi­sion has en­sured project safety.

Study­ing Earth­quakes through New Ways of Think­ing

China To­day: Years af­ter start­ing your busi­ness, you have not only gen­er­ated great wealth for so­ci­ety, but also be­come prom­i­nent as a mod­ern fe­male en­tre­pre­neur. In 2014, you won the “China’s Pride: Model En­tre­pre­neur on the Cut­ting Edge” award. But why do you study earth­quakes – a field quite dis­tant from your busi­ness?

Quan Ruix­ian: Yes, the two fields have lit­tle com­mon ground. Per­sonal in­ter­est im­pels me to study earth­quakes. I have been cu­ri­ous about nat­u­ral phe­nom­ena since child­hood.

China To­day: How do you study earth­quakes? Any spe­cial method?

Quan Ruix­ian: As the poet ob­serves, “No one can tell Mt. Lu’s true face who dwells deep within its em­brace.” As a busi­ness­woman, I need to seek out new ways of think­ing to be able to spot the signs and reg­u­lar oc­cur­rences that pre­cede an earth­quake. Since 1999, I have read many books about earth­quakes and looked up all man­ner of rel­e­vant in­for­ma­tion, hop­ing to gain in­spi­ra­tion from it. Like a de­tec­tive, I also gath­ered as much rel­e­vant in­for­ma­tion as pos­si­ble re­lat­ing to such as­pects as cli­mate, land­forms, and ano­ma­lous changes in rivers, lakes and seas, as well as ge­o­log­i­cal dis­as­ters and ma­jor ac­ci­dents at home and abroad. Via trac­ing, anal­y­sis, think­ing and com­par­i­son, I have dili­gently con­ducted sys­tem­atic re­search.

China To­day: Has your re­search elicited any new dis­cov­er­ies?

Quan Ruix­ian: I have made four dis­cov­er­ies. First, tec­tonic plate move­ment is not a fac­tor in, but a man­i­fes­ta­tion of seis­mic ac­tiv­ity. Sec­ond, many “omens” pre­cede an earth­quake, and most of these fol­low cer­tain pat­terns.

Man­ag­ing and con­trol­ling dif­fer­ences while safe­guard­ing peace­ful de­vel­op­ment were also top­ics of com­mon con­cern within the fo­rum.

Third, the in­ter­na­tional stan­dard that fixes the range within which an epi­cen­ter is de­ter­mined as be­ing within 100 km is non- ob­jec­tive and un­sci­en­tific. Fi­nally, ma­jor dis­as­trous events such as plane crashes, ship wrecks, de­rail­ments, gas ex­plo­sions and fires read­ily oc­cur be­fore or af­ter earth­quakes, which are in­ex­tri­ca­bly bound up with changes in the Earth’s mag­netic field.

China To­day: What do you think causes earth­quakes?

Quan Ruix­ian: In my opin­ion, the pri­mary cause of earth­quakes is the grav­i­ta­tional in­flu­ence of ce­les­tial bod­ies, barycen­ter in­sta­bil­ity, and grav­ity im­bal­ance un­der the com­bined ac­tion of the Earth’s revo­lu­tion and ro­ta­tion, as well as the Earth’s grav­ity. To be spe­cific, the grav­i­ta­tional in­flu­ence of ce­les­tial bod­ies, barycen­ter in­sta­bil­ity and grav­ity im­bal­ance are ex­ter­nal causes, while the Earth’s revo­lu­tion, ro­ta­tion and its grav­ity are in­ter­nal fac­tors. Un­der the cir­cum­stance of an un­sta­ble barycen­ter, im­bal­anced grav­ity or dis­e­qui­lib­rium be­tween a ce­les­tial body’s grav­ity and grav­i­ta­tional force ac­cel­er­ates the move­ment of the Earth’s in­te­rior mat­ter, gen­er­at­ing an enor­mous im­pact force that in­duces earth­quakes in vul­ner­a­ble ar­eas. In ad­di­tion, the for­ma­tion of fault zones and seis­mic belts is also caused by barycen­ter in­sta­bil­ity and grav­ity im­bal­ance.

I be­lieve that in ac­tu­al­ity earth­quakes are not re­ally un­pre­dictable. Earth­quake pre­dic­tion should not be de­fined by tra­di­tional the­ory. Only by adopt­ing dy­namic, de­vel­op­men­tal and brand-new meth­ods of think­ing to en­gage in re­al­time mon­i­tor­ing can we cap­ture in­for­ma­tion on earth­quake de­vel­op­ment and pro­gres­sion and thus stand a chance of pre­dict­ing earth­quakes.

Curb­ing Smog via the Con­cept of Har­mo­nious Co­ex­is­tence be­tween Man and Na­ture

China To­day: You also study means of con­trol­ling smog, and have re­ceived the com­pli­ments and val­i­da­tion of many ex­perts. Could you of­fer us a de­tailed in­tro­duc­tion?

Quan Ruix­ian: Smog has be­come in­creas­ingly se­vere in re­cent years. No mat­ter who you are or where you live, as long as you breathe, you have to suf­fer it.

Through re­search I find that smog is caused by hu­man overde­vel­op­ment, ex­ces­sive con­sump­tion of en­ergy re­sources and dam­age to the Earth’s in­ter­nal struc­ture. Smog, in turn, is our planet’s self-ad­just­ment by auto-mo­tion, a mode of man­i­fest­ing an auto-bal­ance.

In ad­di­tion to the three gen­er­ally ac­knowl­edged causes of smog gen­er­a­tion, I also dis­cov­ered two that have gen­er­ally been over­looked. On the one hand, along with the ex­pan­sion of ur­ban­iza­tion, the ever- ex­tend­ing trans- port net­work keeps in­creas­ing the area of sur­faced land. Rain­fall can­not fully per­me­ate the ground and so runs off and is dis­charged di­rectly into the sea. Soil dries up be­cause of lack of rain­wa­ter, thus gen­er­at­ing more dust. On the other hand, the ac­cel­er­a­tion of the ur­ban­iza­tion process is de­stroy­ing much nat­u­ral veg­e­ta­tion. Na­ture’s waste ac­com­mo­da­tion mech­a­nism has been com­pro­mised, and the ef­fec­tive ex­change be­tween man and na­ture has be­come griev­ously un­bal­anced.

China To­day: Based on your re­search, how should we con­trol smog?

Quan Ruix­ian: The key is to pro­mote the aware­ness of the “har­mo­nious co-ex­is­tence be­tween hu­mans and na­ture.”

First, it is nec­es­sary to es­tab­lish na­tional plan­ning of ur­ban con­struc­tion and ur­ban-ru­ral de­vel­op­ment, so con­trol­ling the ur­ban scale, ra­tio­nally re- or­der­ing the ru­ral- ur­ban pat­tern, and ef­fec­tively al­lo­cat­ing pop­u­la­tion den­sity per eco­log­i­cal re­sources, as well as de­vis­ing sound pro­duc­tion and liv­ing spa­ces and trans­porta­tion net­works. We should try our best to main­tain the har­mo­nious co­ex­is­tence be­tween man and na­ture, and es­tab­lish a fa­vor­able eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment.

Sec­ond is re­duc­ing the pro­duc­tion, dis­charge and ac­cu­mu­la­tion of con­tam­i­na­tion and so grad­u­ally re­al­ize ef­fec­tive con­ver­sion be­tween man and na­ture. We should also en­large ur­ban green spa­ces and re­me­di­ate nat­u­ral veg­e­ta­tion, ef­fec­tively in­crease the space for ex­changes be­tween hu­mans and na­ture, and es­tab­lish a nat­u­ral con­ver­sion mech­a­nism for pol­lu­tants.

Third, rain­wa­ter must be con­served. We should build more ur­ban wet­land parks, re­duce the area of com­pacted ground, and pave wa­ter­per­me­able side­walks and roads. This can not only re­duce fugi­tive dust, lower tem­per­a­tures and moisten soil, but also achieve a be­nign in­ter­ac­tion and vir­tu­ous cir­cle be­tween hu­man ac­tiv­i­ties and na­ture.

Fourth, it is im­por­tant to pop­u­lar­ize sci­en­tific knowl­edge and en­hance cit­i­zens’ en­vi­ron­men­tal aware­ness.

China To­day: You have ad­vanced from health care worker to suc­cess­ful en­tre­pre­neur, to re­searcher of earth­quakes and smog who has ex­pounded your own con­clu­sions. How were you able to do it all?

Quan Ruix­ian: One’s en­ergy and abil­i­ties have lim­its. Some­times, it is dif­fi­cult to do even one thing suc­cess­fully, let alone sev­eral. In a man­ner of speak­ing, this is even more dif­fi­cult for a woman. One should do some­thing mean­ing­ful in one’s life. Seek­ing joy amidst hard­ship: this I think is worth­while. For sci­en­tific re­search, I rarely get di­rectly in­volved in the man­age­ment of my com­pany, but ex­pend large amounts of time, en­ergy and money study­ing earth­quakes and smog. I do not fol­low au­thor­ity’s lead like a sheep, but dare to is­sue chal­lenges, and I like to open up new av­enues of think­ing and re­search. These are my lessons, and what dis­tin­guishes me from other re­searchers.

Quan Ruix­ian at the Fifth Na­tional Ser­vice In­dus­try Pub­lic Sat­is­fac­tion In­dex Spe­cial Sur­vey, and the 10th China Brand In­flu­ence Fo­rum Sum­mit, where she gave talks.

A snap­shot of Quan Ruix­ian while on a busi­ness trip.

Quan Ruix­ian gives an in­ter­view dur­ing the 12th China Sci­en­tists Fo­rum.

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