De­vel­op­ing Eco-in­dus­try to Curb De­ser­ti­fi­ca­tion

China Today (English) - - SOCIETY/LIFE - By CHEN XIN

DE­SER­TI­FI­CA­TION, one of the most se­ri­ous eco­log­i­cal is­sues fac­ing the world, is re­garded as key in China’s eco­log­i­cal restora­tion, but is a knotty prob­lem. De­ser­ti­fi­ca­tion has de­voured space that could oth­er­wise be used to im­prove peo­ple’s stan­dard of liv­ing.

On a na­tional scale, de­ser­ti­fi­ca­tion is a bar­rier in the way of bring­ing mod­er­ate pros­per­ity to the coun­try and dam­ag­ing the sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment of the econ­omy and so­ci­ety. There­fore, con­trol­ling de­ser­ti­fi­ca­tion and im­prov­ing the eco­log­i­cal sys­tem, es­pe­cially in the desert area, is now a top pri­or­ity.

From Septem­ber 24 to 26, 2016 the China Haixi De­ser­ti­fi­ca­tion Pre­ven­tion and Con­trol and Green Eco­log­i­cal In­dus­trial De­vel­op­ment Sem­i­nar was held in Del­ingha City, Haixi Pre­fec­ture of Qing­hai Prov­ince. Af­ter on-site in­spec­tions and dis­cus­sions, the par­tic­i­pat­ing ex­perts fully af­firmed Haixi’s prac­tices in pre­vent­ing de­ser­ti­fi­ca­tion and de­vel­op­ing “sand in­dus­try.” They be­lieved the Chi­nese berry in­dus­try in Haixi was a great model of China’s de­ser­ti­fi­ca­tion man­age­ment, com­bin­ing sand con­trol, poverty re­duc­tion, and eco­log­i­cal restora­tion.

Haixi Mon­go­lian and Ti­betan Au­ton­o­mous Pre­fec­ture is lo­cated in the north­east­ern part of the Qing­hai- Ti­bet Plateau. Its 320,000-square-kilo­me­ter area ac­counts for 44.4 per­cent of the Qing­hai Prov­ince. How­ever, this in­cludes 76 per­cent of the desert land of the prov­ince, or 29.6 per­cent of pro­vin­cial ter­ri­tory.

In re­cent years Haixi has up­held the tenet of equal em­pha­sis on en­vi­ron­men­tal and eco­nomic pro­gresses. The gov­ern­ment en­gages in build­ing a com­pre­hen­sive eco­log­i­cal re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion sys­tem that deals with en­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment in a bal­anced way. It has closed hill­sides for for­est con­ser­va­tion and re­for­esta­tion, car­ried out projects to fix sand dunes, and the berry plant­ing and re­lated in­dus­tries in Qaidam Basin are an im­por­tant part of its ef­forts.

Qaidam is lo­cated in the cen­ter of the Qing­hai-Ti­bet Plateau that is claimed to be one of the world’s four su­per clean ar­eas. Un­der a plateau con­ti­nen­tal cli­mate, the basin is dry and en­joys strong sun­light, vast tem­per­a­ture vari­a­tions be­tween day and night, and abun­dant sur­face wa­ter and ground­wa­ter re­sources.

In ad­di­tion, the arable land in the Qaidam Basin is gray-brown desert soil, a kind of sandy loam, which is the best soil for grow­ing berries be­cause it has the op­ti­mum pH value and con­tains

On a na­tional scale, de­ser­ti­fi­ca­tion is a bar­rier in the way of bring­ing mod­er­ate pros­per­ity to the coun­try and dam­ag­ing the sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment of the econ­omy and so­ci­ety.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from China

© PressReader. All rights reserved.