“New Eurasian Land Bridge”
THE New Eurasian Land Bridge (NELB) is an international passageway linking the Pacific and the Atlantic. As distinct from the Siberian Landbridge, which goes from Russia’s eastern port of Vladivostok through Siberia to Moscow and onward to West European countries, this “second” bridge goes from China’s coastal cities of Lianyungang and Rizhao to Holland’s Rotterdam and Belgium’s Antwerp. The 10,800-km-long rail link runs through Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland and Germany, and serves more than 30 countries and regions.
Opened in the early 1990s, the NELB is gaining new impetus from the Belt and Road Initiative. It greatly facilitates trade and other exchanges between the countries along the route and between Asia and Europe.
To date, several transcontinental rail routes, which showcase the potential of the Belt and Road Initiative, have entered service. These include the Chongqingxinjiang-europe Railway (reaching Germany’s Duisburg via Poland), the Chengdu-xinjiang-europe Railway (reaching Poland), and the Yiwu-xinjiang-europe Railway (reaching Madrid). The construction of associated highways, power transmission lines, and ports is progressing in a steady manner.