Broad- Prospective for Green Development
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is rich in scenery and natural resources. With a vast territory, Inner Mongolia has superior conditions in developing New Energy. China’s vigorously promotion of the use of New Energy, together with its earnestly practice of the concept of Green Development, Inner Mongolia has developed into a unique good situation with the most installation of wind power equipment and a large scale of photovolatic power generation. Achievements
Until now, Inner Mongolia has succeeded in developing new energy, forming wind power as the main way of electric generation, supplemented by photovoltaic power generation. Till the end of 2015, the total transmission capacity produced by new energy was 31.7 million kilowatts, occupying 30.5% of all the electric-power generation of the region. Among the 31.7 million kilowatts electricity, 24.25 million kilowatts were produced by wind power, 4.9 million kilowatts were produced by photovoltaic power. In 2015, the gross electric output produced by new energy was 50.8 million kilowatts, occupying 13% of the whole region’s gross electric output, 20% of the nation’s electricity consumption.
In the recent years, the accumulative output of electricity produced by new energy is 191.7 million kilowatts. Comparing to the traditional way of combustion for electricity, the way of using new energy for electricity production saves coal for more than 60 million tons, while reducing smoke for more than 78 thousand tons, sulfur dioxide for more than 470 thousand tons and carbon dioxide for more than 160 million tons at the same time. In this way, energy was conserved and emission was reduced, making a positive contribution to the protection of the region’s ecological environment . Demonstration project
Exploring to implement wind power heating: since 2011, Inner Mongolia has conducted wind power heating program trials in Ulanqab, Chifeng and Tongliao. Wind power heating means the application of wind power to provide heat in later winter nights. Wind power heating not only replaces the burning boilers to save the consumption of coal to reduce pollution, but also keeps people warm. In general, the results are quite effective, both environmentally and socially. Till now, wind power heating system covers 960 thousand square meters in the whole region.
Photovoltaic facility agriculture: to overcome the disadvantage of over- occupied land of photovoltaic power equipment, Inner Mongolia has organized Photovoltaic Facility Agriculture Program. This program places photovoltaic panels on reinforced greenhouse to generate electricity, which realize the utmost use of land. In this way, the electricity produced by the panels provides power for the facilities in the green house to keep a suitable temperature and humidity, and increase production in the end. As of now, there are some demonstration projects in Hohhot, Bayannur and other places set up by Qing Dao NESI Photovoltaic Company, Shanlu Group, Xiangdao Company etc.
Photovoltaic sand control project: in 2011, Elion Resources Group constructed a 110 thousand kilowatts ecological photovoltaic program in Kubuqi desert. This program means growing plants and feeding livestocks between photovoltaic panels. Using the panels as shelters, the strong sunshine was blocked and the evaporation was reduced. Hence, the growth of the plants were accelerated, and the animals were protected. In the meantime, the manure of the animals offers organic fertilizer for the growth of the plants. Altogether, the panels, the plants and the animals form a well-functioned ecological circle, realizing the integrative development of sand control, plantation and photoltaic power. Besides, Elion Resources Group is still in construction of a 200 thousand kilowatts Photovoltaic Sand Control Project, which is estimated to prevent wind and fix wind for over 20 thousand mu.