Broad- Prospec­tive for Green De­vel­op­ment

China's Foreign Trade (English) - - Special Report -

In­ner Mon­go­lia Au­tonomous Re­gion is rich in scenery and nat­u­ral re­sources. With a vast ter­ri­tory, In­ner Mon­go­lia has su­pe­rior con­di­tions in de­vel­op­ing New En­ergy. China’s vig­or­ously pro­mo­tion of the use of New En­ergy, to­gether with its earnestly prac­tice of the con­cept of Green De­vel­op­ment, In­ner Mon­go­lia has de­vel­oped into a unique good sit­u­a­tion with the most in­stal­la­tion of wind power equip­ment and a large scale of pho­to­volatic power gen­er­a­tion. Achieve­ments

Un­til now, In­ner Mon­go­lia has suc­ceeded in de­vel­op­ing new en­ergy, form­ing wind power as the main way of elec­tric gen­er­a­tion, sup­ple­mented by pho­to­voltaic power gen­er­a­tion. Till the end of 2015, the to­tal trans­mis­sion ca­pac­ity pro­duced by new en­ergy was 31.7 mil­lion kilo­watts, oc­cu­py­ing 30.5% of all the elec­tric-power gen­er­a­tion of the re­gion. Among the 31.7 mil­lion kilo­watts elec­tric­ity, 24.25 mil­lion kilo­watts were pro­duced by wind power, 4.9 mil­lion kilo­watts were pro­duced by pho­to­voltaic power. In 2015, the gross elec­tric out­put pro­duced by new en­ergy was 50.8 mil­lion kilo­watts, oc­cu­py­ing 13% of the whole re­gion’s gross elec­tric out­put, 20% of the na­tion’s elec­tric­ity con­sump­tion.

In the re­cent years, the ac­cu­mu­la­tive out­put of elec­tric­ity pro­duced by new en­ergy is 191.7 mil­lion kilo­watts. Com­par­ing to the tra­di­tional way of com­bus­tion for elec­tric­ity, the way of us­ing new en­ergy for elec­tric­ity pro­duc­tion saves coal for more than 60 mil­lion tons, while re­duc­ing smoke for more than 78 thou­sand tons, sul­fur diox­ide for more than 470 thou­sand tons and car­bon diox­ide for more than 160 mil­lion tons at the same time. In this way, en­ergy was con­served and emis­sion was re­duced, mak­ing a pos­i­tive con­tri­bu­tion to the pro­tec­tion of the re­gion’s eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment . Demon­stra­tion project

Ex­plor­ing to im­ple­ment wind power heat­ing: since 2011, In­ner Mon­go­lia has con­ducted wind power heat­ing pro­gram tri­als in Ulan­qab, Chifeng and Tongliao. Wind power heat­ing means the ap­pli­ca­tion of wind power to pro­vide heat in later win­ter nights. Wind power heat­ing not only re­places the burn­ing boil­ers to save the con­sump­tion of coal to re­duce pol­lu­tion, but also keeps peo­ple warm. In gen­eral, the re­sults are quite ef­fec­tive, both en­vi­ron­men­tally and so­cially. Till now, wind power heat­ing sys­tem cov­ers 960 thou­sand square me­ters in the whole re­gion.

Pho­to­voltaic fa­cil­ity agri­cul­ture: to over­come the dis­ad­van­tage of over- oc­cu­pied land of pho­to­voltaic power equip­ment, In­ner Mon­go­lia has or­ga­nized Pho­to­voltaic Fa­cil­ity Agri­cul­ture Pro­gram. This pro­gram places pho­to­voltaic pan­els on re­in­forced green­house to gen­er­ate elec­tric­ity, which re­al­ize the ut­most use of land. In this way, the elec­tric­ity pro­duced by the pan­els pro­vides power for the fa­cil­i­ties in the green house to keep a suit­able tem­per­a­ture and hu­mid­ity, and in­crease pro­duc­tion in the end. As of now, there are some demon­stra­tion projects in Ho­hhot, Bayan­nur and other places set up by Qing Dao NESI Pho­to­voltaic Com­pany, Shanlu Group, Xiang­dao Com­pany etc.

Pho­to­voltaic sand con­trol project: in 2011, Elion Re­sources Group con­structed a 110 thou­sand kilo­watts eco­log­i­cal pho­to­voltaic pro­gram in Kubuqi desert. This pro­gram means grow­ing plants and feed­ing live­stocks be­tween pho­to­voltaic pan­els. Us­ing the pan­els as shel­ters, the strong sun­shine was blocked and the evap­o­ra­tion was re­duced. Hence, the growth of the plants were ac­cel­er­ated, and the an­i­mals were pro­tected. In the mean­time, the ma­nure of the an­i­mals of­fers or­ganic fer­til­izer for the growth of the plants. Al­to­gether, the pan­els, the plants and the an­i­mals form a well-func­tioned eco­log­i­cal cir­cle, re­al­iz­ing the in­te­gra­tive de­vel­op­ment of sand con­trol, plan­ta­tion and pho­toltaic power. Be­sides, Elion Re­sources Group is still in con­struc­tion of a 200 thou­sand kilo­watts Pho­to­voltaic Sand Con­trol Project, which is es­ti­mated to pre­vent wind and fix wind for over 20 thou­sand mu.

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