Development Achievements and Technical Highlights of Energy in Guangdong Province
(i) Further enhancement of energy supply capacity
As of the end of 2016, Guangdong Province’s installed power-generating capacity has been about 106 million kilowatts, (including 9.38 million kilowatts of nuclear power), which additionally receives about 35 million kilowatts of electricity from West-east Electricity Transmission Project, and its installed capacity of clean power (except coal-fired power) has accounted for 57% of the total one of available power inside and outside the province; its processing capacity of crude oil has been up to 52 million tons per year, and its supplying capacity of natural gas has been about 35 billion cubic meters per year. Through a long period of continuous efforts, for our province’s source of energy supply, a pattern of “provincial production, domestic allocation and transportation and imported complementation” has been basically formed, a diversified energy supply system has been preliminarily established, and it can be generally met the demands of economic and social development.
(ii) Effective control of energy consumption
In 2016, Guangdong Province’s total energy consumption was about 313 million tons of standard coal, with the year-on-year growth of 3.9%; its electricity consumption was 561 billion kwh, with the year-on-year growth of 5.6%; and its energy consumption per unit of GDP was 0.394 tons of standard coal / RMB ten thousand, which was the second-lowest one (only next to Beijing); the proportion of coal, oil and other traditional fossil energy was gradually reduced, and its non-fossil energy consumption accounted for 21%, which was 8% higher than the national average one; its standard coal consumption of coal-fired power supply is 5g / kwh lower than the national average one.
(iii) Remarkable effects of energy saving and emission reduction in electric power industry
Guangdong Province has fully completed the desulfurization and de-nitrification of over 125 thousand kilowatts of coal-fired generating units, carried out ultra-low emission and energy-saving transformation of coal-fired power plants, accelerated the construction of centralized heating capacity in both industrial parks and industrial convergent areas, therefore not only the total emissions of air pollutants in the electric power industry has been decreased significantly, but also the coal utilization efficiency has been increased greatly.
(iv) Active promotion of energy system and mechanism reform
Guangdong Province has steadily promoted the reform of energy system and mechanism, done a good job in the reform and pilot of electricity sales side, and taken the lead in the reform and pilot of transmission, distribution electricity price, and natural gas price, therefore its overall reform of energy system and mechanism has been in the forefront of our country.
(v) Significant improvement of energy use conditions for urban and rural residents
Overloaded equipment in the ru- ral power grid, “bottlenecks” of power supply, low-voltage and other problems have been solved efficiently, and the power supply capacity has been further improved; therefore the quality and reliability of rural electricity have been enhanced drastically. In addition, the utilization and popularization rate of natural gas for urban residents has been further increased. II. Advanced Energy Technologies
(i) Obvious improvement of energy technology and equipment level
The level of coal-fired power, nuclear power, renewable energy, power grid and other energy technology and equipment have been improved, meanwhile supercritical million-kilowatt class, G3 nuclear power, complete set of large-scale wind turbine, PV power generation with high conversion efficiency, UHV transmission, smart grid, ultra-low emission of coal-fired power and other advanced technology and equipment have been popularized and applied one after another.
(ii) Steady progress of G3 nuclear power technology
Taishan Nuclear Power Plant, located in Taishan city of Guangdong Province, is a nuclear power unit with the maximum single-machine capacity in the world currently, which can reduce about 8.42 million tons of standard coal consumption, and more than 22.77 million tons of greenhouse gas emissions after having been built.
(iii) Continuous improvement of wind turbine manufacturing level
Guangdong Mingyang Wind Power Industry Group Co., Ltd., one manufacturer of large-scale wind turbine in Guangdong Province, has researched MYSE series wind turbine with the advantages of high power generation, low cost per Kwh, high reliability, and excellent corrosion resistance, which can provide the optimal solutions to resist the sea environment, such as typhoon, and high salt fog, even can achieve an unmanned intelligent wind farm on the sea.
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region covers a vast in territory. With an area of 1,183,000 km2, which extends across the “Three Norths” (Northeast, North China and Northwest China), there are eight provinces surrounding Inner Mongolia, which are Heilongjiang Province, Jilin Province, Liaoning Province, Hebei Provinces, Shanxi Province, Shaanxi Province, Gansu Province and Ningxia Province. Besides the large territory, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region also has a long borderline of 4,200 kilometers, sharing common borders with both Russia and Mongolia. The straight distance from east to west is more than 2,400 kilometers, and the distance from north to south stretches across more than 1,700 kilometers.
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is rich in resources. It has the largest forests, grasslands and cultivated farmlands in the country. Many of the resources reserves rank highly in when compared to the whole country, this is especially with relation to 30 kinds of mine resources. Among them, the explored reserve of coal, lead, zinc, silver and rare earth precedes all the other provinces and regions ( The proved reserve of coal is more than 800 billion tons, and the proved reserve of natural gas is more than 500 million cubic meters, as for wind energy, more than 150 million kilowatts are available). The tourist resources are also wonderful and unique, with all the natural, historical, cultural inheritance and ethnic customs.
Being an important economic hinterland of both the Jing- jin- ji region and the Bohai Economic Circle, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is uniquely located, connecting the economic channel of North China and the Great Northwest of the country. There are now 18 open ports, among them Manchuria and Erlianhot are separately the biggest land ports to Russia and Mongolia. In 2015, Manchuria and Erlianhot were involved in the country’s project- the construction of the “Silk Road”.
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region has a solid foundation in developing: the flourishing economic condition, a united ethnic group, a peaceful frontier and a stable society. Under the policy of Western Development and Revitalizing old industrial bases in Northeast China, together with the hard work of all the ethnic groups in the region, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region has created many good opportunities for investors. Especially in the recent years, the comprehensive economic power of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region has been strengthened greatly. GDP of the whole region has increased to RMB 1,800 billion, with an annual growth of 10%; the general public budget revenue
has increased into RMB 196.35 billion, with an annual growth of 12.9%. Inner Mongolia has better economic indicators than average.
The speed of industrial transformation and upgrading has accelerated greatly. After three major adjustments, the industrial structure has changed from 9.4: 54.5: 36.1 to 9: 51: 40 with reformed traditional industry, molding new industry and multidimensional pillar industry. The output of food has come to 28.27 billion kilograms; livestock is up to 136 million. The conversion rate of farm and animal products has risen to 58.9%, enhancing the foundation position of husbandry. The contribution rate of high and new technology, non-ferrous metals, equipment manufacturing and agricultural product processing has risen to 49%; power capacity has reached 100 billion kilowatts, including wind power of 24.25 million kw, which total generation ranks first in China; the scales of modern coal chemical industry and combustion for electricity, the way of using new energy for electricity production saves coal for more than 60 million tons, while reducing smoke for more than 78 thousand tons, sulfur dioxide for more than 470 thousand tons and carbon dioxide for more than 160 million tons at the same time. In this way, energy was conserved and emission was reduced, making a positive contribution to the protection of the region’s ecological environment . Demonstration project
Exploring to implement wind power heating: since 2011, Inner Mongolia has conducted wind power heating program trials in Ulanqab, Chifeng and Tongliao. Wind power heating means the application of wind power to provide heat in later winter nights. Wind power heating not only replaces the burning boilers to save the consumption of coal to reduce pollution, but also keeps people warm. In general, the results are quite effective, both environmentally and socially. Till now, wind power heating system covers 960 thousand square meters in the whole region.
Photovoltaic facility agriculture: to overcome the disadvantage of over- occupied land of photovoltaic power equipment, Inner Mongolia has organized Photovoltaic Facility Agriculture Program. This program places photovoltaic panels on reinforced greenhouse to generate electricity, which realize the utmost use of land. In this way, the electricity produced by the panels provides power for the facilities in the green house to keep a suitable temperature and humidity, and increase production in the end. As of now, there are some demonstration projects in Hohhot, Bayannur and other places set up by Qing Dao NESI Photovoltaic Company, Shanlu Group, Xiangdao Company etc.
Photovoltaic sand control project: in 2011, Elion Resources Group constructed a 110 thousand kilowatts ecological photovoltaic program in Kubuqi desert. This program means growing plants and feeding livestocks between photovoltaic panels. Using the panels as shelters, the strong sunshine was blocked and the evaporation was reduced. Hence, the growth of the plants were accelerated, and the animals were protected. In the meantime, the manure of the animals offers organic fertilizer for the growth of the plants. Altogether, the panels, the plants and the animals form a well-functioned ecological circle, realizing the integrative development of sand control, plantation and photoltaic power. Besides, Elion Resources Group is still in construction of a 200 thousand kilowatts Photovoltaic Sand Control Project, which is estimated to prevent wind and fix wind for over 20 thousand mu.