The De­vel­op­ment Sta­tus of Re­new­able En­ergy in China

China's Foreign Trade (English) - - Special Report - By Ren Dong­ming Pho­to­voltaic cell in­no­va­tions are

WWith en­ergy con­sump­tion rapidly i nc re a sing, Chi na is fac­ing chal­lenges con­cern­ing en­ergy sup­ply sta­bil­ity, cat­a­strophic en­vi­ron­men­tal pol­lu­tion caused by mas­sive use of coal, and stress from in­ter­na­tional cli­mate change ne­go­ti­a­tion due to huge amounts of car­bon diox­ide emis­sions. Con­versely, China is fac­ing a his­tor­i­cal op­por­tu­nity for global en­ergy trans­for­ma­tion, that is, by fol­low­ing the trend of global en­ergy trans­for­ma­tion, and ac­tively pro­mot­ing the revo­lu­tion to­wards sus­tain­able en­ergy pro­duc­tion and con­sump­tion, China can de­velop a re­new­able en­ergy sys­tem that is clean, low in car­bon emis­sions, and ef­fi­cient. There­fore, re­new­able en­ergy is the fore­see­able choice for China’s en­ergy de­vel­op­ment.

Af­ter years of de­vel­op­ment, the re­new­able en­ergy in­dus­try in China has pro­gressed in scale, tech­nol­ogy, equip­ment man­u­fac­tur­ing and more. China has also set new goals for this in­dus­try, and in­tro­duced new poli­cies to sup­port th­ese tar­gets. The scale of re­new­able en­ergy in China con­tin­ues ex­pand­ing

The to­tal in­stalled ca­pac­ity of re­new­able en­ergy in­creased to 570 mil­lion kilo­watts by the end of 2016, up from 254 mil­lion kilo­watts in 2010, ac­count­ing for 34.7% of the to­tal in­stalled ca­pac­ity in China. In ad­di­tion, power gen­er­a­tion from re­new­able en­ergy nearly dou­bled by 2016 com­pared to con­sump­tion from 2010, and con­trib­uted 25.9% to the to­tal elec­tric­ity gen­er­a­tion in 2016 (up from 18.0% in 2010). Com­mer­cial re­new­able en­ergy sup­plies (in­clud­ing gen­er­ated power and bio-liq­uid fu­els) equal an es­ti­mated 483 mil­lion tons of stan­dard coal, ac­count­ing for about 11.08% of the to­tal en­ergy con­sump­tion. If the use of re­new­able en­ergy for non-com­mer­cial uses, such as so­lar ther­mal utiliza­tion, biomass bio­gas, biomass mould­ing fu­els, and geo­ther­mal, is taken into ac­count, the es­ti­ma­tion is in­creased to ap­prox­i­mately 558 mil­lion tons of tra­di­tional en­ergy from coal, or 12.58% of the to­tal en­ergy con­sump­tion. This rise of 1.5 per­cent­age points from 2010 demon­strates China’s achieve­ments for low car­bon-en­ergy sys­tem trans­for­ma­tion.

I. Hy­dropower in­stalled ca­pac­ity grows, be­comes the main clean en­ergy for power sys­tem.

In 2016, the new hy­dropower in­stalled ca­pac­ity (in­clud­ing pumped stor­age) in China was 12.58 mil­lion kilo­watts, bring­ing the ac­cu­mu­lated in­stalled ca­pac­ity to 332 mil­lion kilo­watts, up 4.0% from t2015. Power

gen­er­a­tion reached 1.18 tril­lion kwh, or ap­prox­i­mately 368 mil­lion tons of stan­dard coal in 2016, ac­count­ing for 8.5% of the to­tal en­ergy con­sump­tion. This means that hy­dropower is be­com­ing the largest clean en­ergy re­source in China.

II. Wind power in­stalled ca­pac­ity con­tin­ues to in­crease, and tech­ni­cal equip­ment ca­pa­bil­ity im­proves.

China is one of the world lead­ers for cu­mu­la­tive and yearly new wind power in­stalled ca­pac­ity. With years of scale de­vel­op­ment, by 2012, wind power had be­come the third largest elec­tric­ity en­ergy source in China, sur­pass­ing nu­clear power. By the end of 2016, the to­tal wind power in­stalled ca­pac­ity reached 148 mil­lion kilo­watts, with a year power out­put of 241 bil­lion kwh, ac­count­ing for 4.02% of the whole elec­tric­ity con­sump­tion. Due to fierce mar­ket com­pe­ti­tion, the out­dated wind power ca­pac­ity is be­com­ing ob­so­lete, which means newer, cleaner tech­nolo­gies have needed to be de­vel­oped. Sev­eral man­u­fac­tur­ers have al­ready de­vel­oped 6MW wind power equip­ment that fully meet do­mes­tic on­shore and off­shore wind power de­vel­op­ment needs.

III. As so­lar en­ergy tech­nol­ogy pro­gresses, the mar­ket ap­pli­ca­tion is di­ver­si­fied.

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