W pa in ci
The Nanjing City Wall is made up of four parts: the outer city wall, inner city wall, imperial city wall and palace city wall. The only remaining part that can be visited today is the inner city wall, which was also the key military defensive p a r t . T he r e w e r e originally 13 city gates and 13 wengcheng, but only 4 of them exist today, namely, the Jubao City Gate, the Shicheng City Gate, the Shence Cit y Gate and the Qingliang Ci City Gate. The Jubao City G Gate, also lk known as the Zhonghua Gate, is the largest scale gate castle, with a length of 128 meters from north to south and 118.57 meters from east to west.
The Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
With a history of over 600 years, the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum has maintained its original grand style, especially the intact underground tomb.
The construction of the mausoleum began during th the Hongwu Emperor’s life in 1381 and ended in 1405, during the reign of his son, the Yongle Yon Emperor, and featured a huge expendi expenditure of resources, involving 100,000 labore laborers. The original wall of the mausoleum was more than 22.5 kilometers long. The mauso mausoleum was built under heavy guard by 5,000 military troops. The Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum Mauso is set out on a grand scale and feature features stately buildings.
The Sacred Way is a approximately 1,800 m meters long. At the halfw way point on the Way, the there are 24 stone statues of 6 ty types of animals guarding the mausoleum, mau with each pair of stone animals alternately standing and lying down. T The animals are postured differently, conveying auspicious meanings. For e example, the lions, as king of the animals animals, indicate the stateliness of the empero emperor; the camels, which are symbolic of d desert and tropical areas, indicate the vas vast territory of the dynasty; and the elepha elephants imply that the policy of the dynasty is to meet the desire at the grass root level and to stabilize the dynasty. Beyond the stone animals, there is a pair of stone columns (also known as huabiao) featuring carved dragons, which are similar to those erected on Tiananmen Square in Beijing. By the ends of the columns, there are stone statues of ministers and generals.
The last part of the mausoleum is known as Bao Ding. The coffin chamber of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang and Empress Ma lies just beneath this. It is a large round hillock with a stone wall surrounding it. On the south part of the stone wall, there is an inscription featuring seven Chinese characters “”, which confirms that此山明太祖之墓this large hillock is indeed the tomb of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang.
Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum
Sun Yat- Sen’s Mausoleum is situated on Zhongshan Mountain in the eastern suburbs of Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu province. Building of the mausoleum began in January 1926 and was finished in 1929.
Sun Yat-sen was a great forerunner of the Chinese democratic revolution, and it was under Sun’s leadership that the Chinese people brought down the corrupt rule of the Qing Dynasty and ended 2000 years of the feudal monarchy system, which led the Chinese people into a new age.
The whole Mausoleum Scenic Area is shaped like an “alarm bell” when seen from the air, symbolizing the noble spirit and heroic efforts of Sun Yat-sen’s devotion to the Chinese people, their fight against oppression and winning independence for China.
The Presidential Palace
The Presidential Palace is located at 292 Changjiang Road, in the Xuanwu District of Nanjing. It is now a museum known as the China Modern History Museum.
The Presidential Palace is currently serving as a museum in Nanjing which showcases Chinese contemporary history. The main gate of the Presidential Palace was built in the Western style with long guard stations at the two sides of it, while the second gate is rendered in the typical Chinese style.
Through the gate there is a long corridor, along which are halls, reception rooms for foreign guests, the presidential lobby and some offices.
These are the first of the snacks that you can’t miss. These steamed dumplings are sublime. Under an extremely thin layer of dough hides a bomb of delectable broth and a ball of tender pork. In order to eat these delicacies, bite a small hole in the skin, drink the broth, dip the rest in vinegar, and then enjoy.
Otherwise known as finely shredded tofu, this is a famous Nanjing dish when boiled in chicken stock with half a dozen other ingredients, including ham, bamboo shoots and de-shelled shrimps.
The soybean-based slices, which can be as thin as 1 millimeter, absorb an appetite-inducing meaty flavor from the broth.