中医电子病历研究领域科学知识图谱分析

CJI (Traditional Chinese Medicine) - - 论著·中医药信息学 -

荣光1,谢晴宇 2,孟庆刚 1

1.北京中医药大学,北京 100029;2.中国中医科学院中医临床基础医学研究所,北京 100700摘要:目的 探讨中医结构化电子病历国内研究的新兴趋势和创新性。方法 计算机检索中国知识资源

总库(CNKI)2000 年 1 月-2015 年 12月中医电子病历研究领域相关文献,对该领域研究者、研究机构、关键词等进行文献计量分析,采用可视化软件 CiteSpace 构建共现网络。结果 发文量前3位的研究者为刘保延

(13 篇)、张润顺(8篇)、谢琪(7篇)和周雪忠(7篇);合作紧密的研究机构有中国中医科学院、湖北中医

药大学信息工程学院、河南中医学院第一附属医院等;关键词主要聚类有中医诊断(#0)、中国中医药信息(#1)、

人工智能(#2)、病历管理(#3)、医技科室(#4)等;主要关键词有电子病历、中医医院、数据挖掘、远程医疗、人工智能等。结论 目前,中医电子病历领域的研究者、研究机构间合作不够紧密,未形成研究热点,创新性不显著,原因可能与我国中医药信息化建设的整体水平密切相关。关键词:电子病历;关键词聚类;研究者合作;研究机构合作;知识图谱

DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-5304.2017.01.024

中图分类号:R2-05 文献标识码:A 文章编号:1005-5304(2017)01-0099-06

Electronic Medical Record in TCM Field—An Analysis Based on Scientific Knowledge Visualization

RONG Guang1, XIE Qing-yu2, MENG Qing-gang1 (1. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China; 2. Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China)

Abstract: Objective To assess China’s newly evolved hot spots and novelty of structural electronic medical record in TCM field. Methods Articles about electronic medical record in TCM field were retrieved from CNKI from January 2000 to December 2015, focusing on researchers, research institutes, and key words for bibliometric analysis. Then visualization software CiteSpace was used to establish co-occurrence network. Results The top 3 productive authors were LIU Bao-yan (13 articles), ZHANG Run-shun (8 articles), XIE Qi (7 articles), and ZHOU Xue-zhong (7 articles). Institutes highly cooperated with others included China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Information Engineering College of Hubei University of Chinese Medicine and The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Chinese Medicine. The major clusters were TCM diagnosis (#0), China’s TCM information (#1), artificial intelligence (#2), medical record management (#3), and medical laboratory department (#4). The representative keywords involved electronic medical record, TCM hospital, data mining, telemedicine, and artificial intelligence. Conclusion In the field of TCM electronic medical record, cooperation is not sufficiently facilitated among researchers and institutes. Research hot spots are not formed and novelty is not obvious, which is probably because of the overall status quo for China’s TCM information construction.

Key words: TCM electronic medical record; keyword cluster; co-author; co-institute; knowledge graph

2015 年 12月,乌镇互联网医院正式运营,连接全国范围内的医院、医生、患者、药品和医保体系,建立起一个新型的智慧健康医疗服务平台,是“互联网+医疗”模式的突破性探索。该示范模式预示着,

基金项目:国家科技支撑计划(2013BAI02B10);国家自然科学

基金面上项目(81473800、81273876)

通讯作者:孟庆刚,E-mail:mqgangzy@126.com 将不同医疗机构产生和积累的医疗数据共享,远程访问,是互联网医疗领域发展的重要需求。其中,中医电子病历数据作为患者医疗数据的重要载体,是医疗数字化的重要组成部分,也是医疗机构间开展临床诊疗、科研所必须的临床信息资源。中医电子病历研究历时 15 年之久,领域论文数量逐年递增,绘制科学知识图谱,能从文献计量学角度诠释该领域研究现状,为今后互联网医疗数据的集成提供依据。

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