重庆綦江区重点中药资源调查分析及可持续利用建议

CJI (Traditional Chinese Medicine) - - 中国中医药信息杂志 -

陈玉菡1,慕泽泾 2,刘正宇 1,3,刘旭 1,杨成前 1

1.重庆市药物种植研究所,中国医学科学院药用植物研究所重庆分所,重庆 南川 408435;

2.江西中医药大学,江西 南昌 330004;

3.中国中医科学院中药资源中心道地药材国家重点实验室培育基地,北京 100700

摘要:目的 根据第四次全国中药资源普查试点工作要求,调查綦江区重点中药资源现状,并分析其当前资源量及质量等相关问题,为可持续利用重点中药资源提出意见和建议。方法 利用 GPS、数码相机等,采取样地+线路+半开放式访谈的调查方法,对綦江区中药资源进行调查。结果 参照第四次全国中药资源普查重点调查中药材名录,调查到綦江区有国家重点药材102 种,涵盖 53 科 99属。其中野生重点药材82 种,栽培重点药材20种。结论 綦江区重点中药资源丰富,但存在种类多、资源量小、野外采挖严重、栽培不规范及数量和质量不稳定等问题。

关键词:綦江区;中药资源调查;可持续利用

DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-5304.2017.07.001

中图分类号:R282.1 文献标识码:A 文章编号:1005-5304(2017)07-0001-06

Investigation and Analysis on Key TCM Resources in Qijiang District of Chongqing and

Suggestions for Sustainable Utilization CHEN Yu-han1, MU Ze-jing2, LIU Zheng-yu1,3, LIU Xu1, YANG Cheng-qian1 (1. Institute of Medicinal Plant Cultivation in Chongqing, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development in Chongqing, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Nanchuan 408435, China; 2. Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang 330004, China; 3. State Key Laboratory Base of Daodi Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Science, Beijing 100700, China)

Abstract: Objective To investigate the key TCM resources in Qijiang District; To analyze the current problems in the resources and quality of TCM resources according to the requirements of the fourth national survey of TCM resources; To ultimately put forward the comments and suggestions for sustainable usage of these key TCM resources. Methods Through the combination of the GPS, digital camera and sample plots + lines and semi-open interviews, the TCM resources of Qijiang District were investigated. Results Referring to the list of key TCM resources in the fourth national survey, there were 102 kinds of national key Chinese materia medica in the survey, belonging to 53 families and 99 genera, in which there were 82 kinds of wild Chinese meteria medica, 20 kinds of cultivation of key Chinese materia medica. Conclusion The key TCM resources in Qijiang District are rich, but there are problems of many kinds of resources with small amount of resources, serious excavation in the field, irregular cultivation, unstable quantity and quality.

Key words: Qijiang District; investigation of TCM resources; sustainable utilization

2012年,第四次全国中药资源普查重庆(试点)工作正式启动。綦江作为第一批试点调查的区县之一,按照国家中药资源普查设定的技术方案和要求,

基金项目:中医药行业科研专项(201207002)

通讯作者:刘旭,E-mail:liux9999@126.com 2012 年 5-10月,笔者对该区中药资源进行了详细调查,基本摸清了该区的重点中药资源种类、数量等状况,以期为该区中药资源保护及可持续开发利用提供参考。

1 綦江区自然地理概况

綦江地处四川盆地东南边缘与云贵高原结合部,

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