《水窗春呓》“江浙医生”医论商榷

CJLIS (Traditional Chinese Medicine) - - 第一页 - 基金项目:江西省卫生计生委中医药科研项目(2015B028) 第一作者:杨卫兵,主治医师,研究方向为中西医结合基础与临床。E-mail: 2053573898@qq.com * 通讯作者:夏循礼,副教授,研究方向为中西医药史文献和中西医结合基础医学。E-mail: xiaxunli@126.com

杨卫兵 ,夏循礼

1.湖北省宜昌市第一人民医院,湖北 宜昌 443000;2.江西中医药大学,江西 南昌 330004

摘要:《水窗春呓》上卷作者欧阳兆熊在“江浙医生”一文中记叙了自己在同治五年的有关医事活动经历,以及由此产生的对“时医”费伯雄医派的看法。由于当时黄元御医名已著数十载,欧阳氏对其敬崇深厚而奉为经师,所以携黄氏医学广赠医学同仁,不意此时江南孟河医学已渐入鼎盛,费伯雄声名正炽,江南医家深为仰望或追摹,“怠慢”了黄氏医书。失落之下,欧阳氏著怨愤之语,对费伯雄及其代表的孟河医学是不公允的。黄元御和费伯雄只是代表不同的医学思想和医疗实践,皆为医学正途,都是医学大家。

关键词:《水窗春呓》;江浙医生;医论;欧阳兆熊;黄元御;费伯雄

中图分类号: R-092 文献标识码: A 文章编号: 2095-5707(2016)06-0053-03

Discussion on “Doctors of Jiang-Zhe” in Shui Chuang Chun Yi

YANG Wei-bing1, XIA Xun-li2*

(1. The First People's Hospital of Yichang City, Yichang Hubei 443000, China; 2. Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang Jiangxi 330004, China)

Abstract: In “Doctors of Jiang-Zhe” in Shui Chuang Chun Yi, the author of Volume one Ouyang Zhaoxiong reported his medical experiences in the fifth year of Tongzhi and his views on the School of Fei Boxiong. Because Huang Yuanyu had been carrying on his famous reputation for several decades, Ouyang Zhaoxiong respected him very much and regarded him as his master, and donated Huang’s medical books to colleagues. But at this time, School of Menghe medicine had been being gradually into its peak and Fei Boxiong had being gotten his famous medical reputation. Doctors in south of Changjiang looked up or copied Fei’s medicine and ignored Huang’s medical books. The review of resentment because of disappointment was not fair for Fei Boxiong and the School of Menghe medicine. Huang Yuanyu and Fei Boxiong represented different medical theories and clinical practice, accordingly their medical theories were correct and they all were medical masters.

Key words: Shui Chuang Chun Yi;

Yuanyu; Fei Boxiong Doctors of Jiang-Zhe; medical review; Ouyang Zhaoxiong; Huang

近代史料笔记丛刊之《水窗春呓》,记述清代中叶道光、咸丰、同治各时期的政治、经济、社会风俗等情况,及统治阶层内部各色人物的言语行

动,大都是有关中国近代史的资料。上卷为湖南湘潭人欧阳兆熊所撰,内容关于湖南者居多。

欧阳兆熊,清道光十七年( 1837 年)中举,曾任湖南新宁县教官。《光绪湖南通志》载欧阳兆熊传:“欧阳兆熊字小岑,道光丁酉举人,工诗古文,豪爽喜任事,曾国藩会试下第时,道病,势甚危,兆熊知医,为留逆旅月余诊治之,初不相识,遂为布衣交。”欧阳氏生卒不详,当为曾国藩( 1811-1872 年)同时期人。

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