《三元参赞延寿书》文献考察与养生特色

CJLIS (Traditional Chinese Medicine) - - 中国中医药图书情报杂志 - 基金项目:公益性行业科研专项(201507006)第一作者:陈东亮,E-mail: 58481807@qq.com通讯作者:张华敏,E-mail: huaminzhang@hotmail.com

陈东亮 ,陈阳 ,李鸿涛 ,张华敏

1.巴彦淖尔市卫生和计划生育委员会,内蒙古 巴彦淖尔 015000;2.巴彦淖尔市临河区第一中学,内蒙古 巴彦淖尔 015000;3.中国中医科学院中医药信息研究所,北京 100700

摘要:元代李鹏飞编撰《三元参赞延寿书》共 5 卷,广引历代文史、医学、宗教养生名著,其编辑体例和养生观念,具有创新特色。本书按照天元之寿以节欲宝精、地元之寿慎养形志、人元之寿谨和食味等专题,予以条分缕析,此外,书中养生观点吸纳了儒释道三教之说,内容丰富而颇具启发性。关键词:《三元参赞延寿书》;元代;李鹏飞;养生;学术特色

DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-5707.2018.01.014

中图分类号: R212;R2-5 文献标识码: A 文章编号: 2095-5707(2018)01-0056-03 Literature Review and Characteristics of Health Preservation in San Yuan Can Zan Yan Shou Shu

CHEN Dong-liang1, CHEN Yang2, LI Hong-tao3, ZHANG Hua-min3*

(1. Health and Family Planning Commission of Bayannaoer, Bayannaoer 015000, China; 2. Bayannaoer Linhe District No.1 Middle School, Bayannaoer 015000, China; 3. Institute of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medicine Sciences, Beijing 100700, China)

Abstract: In the Yuan Dynasty, Li Peng-fei compiled the five volume of the San Yuan Can Zan Yan Shou Shu, which widely cited the masterpieces about past history of literature, medicine and religious health preservation. His editing style and health preservation concepts have innovative characteristics. This book includes three topics: control the desire to achieve “Tian Yuan life”, carefully preserve physique and emotion to achieve “Di Yuan life”, "Ren Yuan life” and diet. It analyzes them in detail. In addition, the book adopts the views of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, so the content is rich and enlightening.

Key words: San Yuan Can Zan Yan Shou Shu; Yuan Dynasty; Li Peng-fei; health preservation; academic characteristics

《三元参赞延寿书》共 5 卷,元代李鹏飞编,

[1]明刻本,现藏于中国中医科学院图书馆 。本书为元代的一部中医养生文献,作者在养生理论和实践中提出了很多新的见解,而对于本书作者生平尚未有明确定论,现通过文献考察,对著者与成书,并其养生学术特色进行浅析。

1 著者与成书

李鹏飞( 1236~?年),宋末元初池州九华山

(今安徽省池州市青阳县)人,晚年自号澄心老人。《元史•孝义•羊仁传附李鹏飞传》载“李鹏飞,池州人。生母姚氏,为嫡母不容,改嫁为朱氏妻。鹏飞幼,不知也。年十九,思慕哀痛,誓学医以济人,愿早见母。行求三岁,至蕲州罗田县得焉。时朱氏家方疫,鹏飞起之,遂迎还奉养。久之,复归朱氏,时渡江省觐。既卒,岁时携子孙往祭墓,终

[2]

其身。以有司所请,旌其闾” 。在《三元参赞延寿书•序》中亦提及李鹏飞身世,“仆生甫二周,而生母迁于淮北,壮失所在,哀号奔走淮东西者,凡

[3]262

三年。天悯其衷,见母于蕲之罗田” 。

李鹏飞于宋代宝佑六年( 1258 年)寻母途中,

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