FLIGHT TO SUCCESS
Since forming, the company has produced approximately 8,000 aircraft, the majority of which have been business jets – thus confirming Dassault’s position as one of the foremost influences on the industry.
As aviation has been increasingly acknowledged as a necessary mode of transportation for corporations and entrepreneurs, technology has advanced. This has gone hand-in-hand with Dassault’s stratospheric success. The sophistication of today’s craft as a testament to the role of Dessault, whose pioneering efforts have achieved the advancements that are crucial to modern business.
The history of the development of modern business aviation has not been a smooth one. Before World War II, manufacturers of aircraft for the military and scheduled airlines did not express significant interest in General Aviation. Therefore, before the 1950s, there was little in the way of practical offerings for companies and entrepreneurs at that time. However, the war-surplus aircraft that businesses were forced to use made it clear that such speedy transportation was an extremely effective tool. A significant transition came when major manufacturers entered the market, which caused an upward swing in the quality of technology and sophistication of the craft.
Marcel Dassault was born in Paris on 22 January, 1892 as Marcel Bloch (he changed his name to Marcel Dassault just after the end of World War II). He trained as an electrical and mechanical engineer and, after a period at the Ecole Superieure d’aeronautique in Paris, his compulsory military service saw him based at the Aeronautical Laboratory at Chalais Meudon. As it was the time of the Great War, Bloch was tasked with design development of the Caudron G3 biplane before working with Maurice Farman on flight testing of his new military aircraft. By 1915, Bloch had amassed considerable experience in aircraft design. In collaboration with furniture manufacturer, Marcel Hirch, innovations he was responsible for included the Eclair propeller which was obtained approval from the French test centre at Villacoublay. The “Helice-eclair” went on to equip many types of combat aircraft, including the famous SPAD flighter. By 1917, Bloch and his friend Henri Potez moved on to aircraft manufacture, building a two-seat combat aircraft, the SEA.IV, at a factory in Suresnes.
During the years following World War II,
Dassault’s manufacturing focus was primarily on military fighter jets and the company had scant experience of the civil market despite having made airliners before the war. In the post-war period, Dassault Aviation entered the industry with the intention of addressing the gaps, under the leadership of Marcel Dassault. This led to the introduction of the Falcon 20 in the early 1960s, which was a significant step forward for advances in aerodynamics but at the time represented a major risk for the company. Today’s Dassault designs such as the 5X and 8X are direct descendants in this lineage. At the same time, Marcel Dassault decided to fund an expensive development programme that was to prove hugely influential in the world of Business Aviation. It’s worth pointing out that this investment was a significant ‘shot in the dark’ and years before the production of the Gulfstream II and the Hawker Siddeley 125. The move therefore indicates the entrepreneurial drive and conviction of Dassault – and a remarkable level of foresight.
Dassault’s subsequent reputation as a trailblazing company has been cemented by the development and production of models such as the today’s Falcon 2000 Series, 900LX, 7X, 8X and 5X business aircraft. The involvement of aerospace OEMS such as Dassault is testimony to the importance of Business Aviation and the acceptance of this form of transportation by industry leaders and aviation policy-makers, worldwide
With the new Millennium came a brand new generation – with one of the keystone features being the Falcon 7X, which was announced at the Paris Air Show in 2001. The tri-jet Falcon 7X, which made its first flight in May, 2005 was new from nose to tail and was to become the flagship of the Falcon fleet. Its ferry range of 5,840nm took it into a new category where it could challenge the dominance of the long-range Global Express and Gulfstream G550. Dassault’s advanced computerized design skills took
the 7X from first flight to first delivery in just two years, and ninety had been built by the end of 2009.
As a clean-sheet design, the Falcon 7X had flyby-wire controls and an entirely new wing that used 20% fewer parts than previous Falcons. Compared with the rival Global 5000, the Falcon 7X’s basic operating weight is 28% lighter and its combined 19,200 lbs engine thrust is 10,000 lbs less than the two engines of the Global. With a maximum takeoff weight about 20,000 lbs less than the Global 5000, the 7X offers 240nm more range, flies within 10 knots as fast as the Global, uses 3% more distance for takeoff, and has about 8% less executive payload, according to B/CA’S 2015 Purchase Planning Handbook.
Dassault also launched into the unmanned aircraft field at a very early stage, and its first UAV was unveiled in July, 2000 when the “Petit Duc” proof of concept vehicle made its first flight, followed by the larger “Grand Duc”. Today, this effort has grown into the NEURON flying wing stealth UAV, which may be the basis for a new generation of unmanned fighters for use by European nations. But - returning to business jets, the Falcon 7X was only the first in Dassault’s new generation and has been joined at the head of the Dassault family by a new ‘big brother’ - the Falcon 8X.
While it is externally almost indistinguishable from the 7X, the Falcon 8X has many strong design changes that include a redesigned wing and a longer cabin that gives customers more than 30 different optional floor-plans including various sizes of galley. There is more than 500nm additional range (6,450nm), which will take eight passengers and three crew at Mach 0.80 from Paris to Los Angeles or Singapore, and the Falcon 8X has a completely new cockpit incorporating the latest generation of the EASY system, including a head-up display.
The new Falcon, the 5X, which has followed hard on the heels of the 8X and, according to Dassault “sets the standard in the 5,000-mile-range category and is the most efficient business jet now in the market”. Powered by two 11,450 lbs Snecma Silvercrest turbofans, the first of four prototypes of the 13-passenger Falcon 5X should be airborne around the time of publication. Certification is
DASSAULT FALCON HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO ITS UNARGUABLE BRAND SUCCESS IN THE PAST – AND WILL CONTINUE TO DO SO IN THE FUTURE. “猎鹰”系列的活力和远见造就了达索品牌辉煌的过去，也定会继续为达索开创美好的未来。
planned for the end of 2016, with entry into service early in 2017. Again, the new Falcon pushes the boundaries of Dassault’s technology with an advanced Digital Flight Control System and redesigned wing that includes flaperons and three leading edge slats.
With such a rich heritage of technological innovation, the future for this ground-breaking brand looks rosy. There is little doubt that the phenomenal energy and vision of Dassault Falcon have contributed to its unarguable brand success in the past – and will continue to do so in the future. 的EASY系统的驾驶舱。
紧随猎鹰8X，最新的猎鹰5X，据达索公司说，是5,000英里级别机型里的标杆，是目前市场上最高效的商务机型。装有两个11,450磅的Snecma Silvercrest涡扇发动机，四个原机型中的首个13座的猎鹰5X将在不久上市。飞机认证将于2016年底完成， 2017年有望正式投入使用。新一代“猎鹰”采用先进的数字飞行控制技术和装有襟副翼和三个前缘缝翼的新型机翼，再一次突破了达索的技术界限。