0 Introductions

Science Education and Museums - - — 践探索— -

Due to various factors such as the reform of the institutional mechanism of museums, the popularization of the labor dispatch system, and the development of the instructors, many museums in China are faced with the test of the mobility of the instructors. It is known that some museums have a churn rate of 50% so that they need to recruit and train new instructors every year. Under such situation, it is a key problem to cultivate an excellent team of instructors in a short time to ensure the completion of social education function. Therefore, China Agricultural Museum0 explored a set of training modes for junior, middle and senior instructors from three aspects: basic training, classification training and ability training.

leader, they will constantly train new staff, achieve mutual promotion and enhance the overall strength of the entire team. The training method of comprehensive instructors mainly includes mutual learning between colleagues, going out for exchange training and participating in explanation contests. China Agricultural Museum requires the instructors to follow the audience to observe the work of other instructors. At the same time, several seminars will be held for instructors to exchange experience and make up for the weak points. In terms of exchange training, we have selected many instructors to investigate China National Film Museum, the Geological Museum of China and Museum of the War of Peoples Resistance Against Japanese Aggression in recent years. Moreover, we also organize the elites to take part in Beijing Science Popularization Base Interpretation Contest and the National Science Popularization Base Interpretation Contest, so as to strengthen their sense of competition and improve their ability to explanation on multiple occasions with multimedia applications and psychological quality.

The interpreter is a bridge between the museum and the audience. During the long term work, they have accumulated a lot of experiences and have a better understanding of the interest of audience. Therefore, the science popularization activities of the museum are inseparable from the instructors while the instructors also need to get exercise and enhancement. Therefore, the science popularization activities and the training of the instructors complement each other and promote each other. During the organization and implementation of science popularization activities, China Agricultural Museum encourages the participation of advanced level interpreters.

In summary, the natural science museum is an important place to disseminate knowledge to the public. The instructor is the spokesperson of the museum. Nowadays, the scientific and efficient training of the instructors plays a significant role in expanding social influence of the museums. The training mode from novice level, intermediate level to advanced level helps to train the instructors step by step. The method comes from practice and will return to practice with continuous and constant improvement. Each step will be incorporated into the assessment and evaluation system of their performance, in which way a team of dedicated, professional and excellent instructors can be built, and museums can be promoted in a good and fast manner. [1]ZHENG Xudong. Educating the reflective practitioner: The reality and future of museum educators’ professional development[j]. Modern Educational Technology, 2015(7): 5-11. [2]OU Yan. The management of dispatched interpreters of the museum [J]. China Cultural Heritage Scientific Research, 2013(1): 11-15. [3]HE Mo. How to guide tours in a curatorial way [J]. China

Memorial Research, 2012(2): 64-70. ( 2018-08-09 收稿; 2018-09-10 修回) 作者简介:朱一鸣( 1988—),女,从事博物馆社会接待工作, E-mail: zym09200919@163.com。

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