市场主导模式下城市更新面临困境及出路思考

——佛山市为例

South Architecture - - 第一页 - 1 2 黄利华 焦政 Huang Lihua Jiao Zheng

Thoughts on Difficulties and Solutions of Market-oriented Urban Renewal: Taking Foshan as an Example

摘要 面对城市建设由增量开发转向存量更新的大背景,以佛山更新项目为研究对象,通过对近年来已批更新项目实施情况的评述,指出其更新模式以市场力为主导的现状特点,并总结该模式下城市更新存在的主要问题和困境:方向失衡、强度失控、连片更新缺乏、历史保护不足。而后以更新管理为视角,通过英国和香港城市更新实践经验的总结与借鉴,结合佛山现状问题针对更新模式、行政与技术管理提出相关策略与建议。此外,期待为国内其它同类城市更新提供参考借鉴。

关键词 城市更新;市场主导;佛山;管理体系;策略建议absTracT In recent years, urban construction has shifted from expansive development to upgrading existing buildings. Under this background, this paper focuses on urban renewal projects in Foshan, reviews the implementation of Foshan's recent urban renewal projects approved by local government, points out its marketoriented renewal mode, and summarizes its major difficulties: disorientation in urban renewal direction, loss of control in development capacity, lack of continuous renewal across blocks, and insufficiency in historical protection. From the perspective of urban renewal management, this paper also examines and summarizes the experience of practices in United Kingdom and Hong Kong, making suggestions and proposing strategies about urban renewal mode, administrative and technological management based on current problems in Foshan. The aim of this paper is to provide references to other cities facing urban renewal problems in China.

Key Words urban renewal; market-oriented; Foshan; management system; strategies and suggestions

*国家自然科学基金资助项目:管理单元与历史城镇的有机更新,项目编号:51678241;广州市“菁英计划”留学项目资助,批准文号:穗菁(2016)5号,编号:JY201641;亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室自主创新项目:单元的解析与管理:珠三角乡村保护和发展的方法论研究,项目编号:2017KB08。

中图分类号 TU984.2文献标识码 A

DOI 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0232.2018.01.029 文章编号 1000-0232(2018)01-0029-07

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作者简介 华南理工大学建筑学院、亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室、英国伯明翰大学地理-地球和环境科学学院,博士研究生,电子邮箱:496211940@qq.com;2佛山市城市规划设计研究院,城乡规划工程师 引言

佛山是广东省乃至全国“三旧改造”(现根据内涵变化已调整名称为“城市更新”)的发源地,通过“城市更新”,累积推动了约5967ha 低效用地的再开发,拉 动了 2600亿固定资产的投资,增加了170hm2 公益性设施及绿地,在促进佛山市用地节约集约建设、拉动经济增长、提升城乡品质等方面发挥了积极的作用。

与此同时,多年的城市更新实践也累积多方问题并

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