乡愁视角下乡村景观的营造策略

South Architecture - - 第一页 - 1 2 陈家欢 陆琦Chen Jiahuan Lu Qi

Construction Strategies for Rural Landscape from the Perspective of Nostalgia

摘要 在乡村建设领域,若是将传统与现代完全割裂开来,将是一项重大的损失。人们想要记得住乡愁,未尝不是想要延续美丽的乡村景观。文章首先在分析乡愁与乡村景观的基础上,解析了中国传统文化中对乡村景观“山水·田·居”模式的理想追求及其发展。再通过阐述当代乡村景观在自然、生产、聚落、人文等4个方面呈现的情况,概括乡村景观营建的现实困境。最后根据乡愁的特点,提出乡村景观在空间多维化、秩序节律化、实践生活化3个方面的营造策略,以明确今后乡村景观营建的主要方向。

关键词 乡愁;乡村景观;理想愿景;现实困境;营造策略absTracT In rural construction field, it will be a heavy loss if the traditional and the modern styles are separated completely. People having nostalgia not only miss their hometown, but also dream about the beauty of its rural landscape. Based on the analysis of nostalgia and rural landscape, this paper examines the ideal and development of the "Mountain, River, Farmland, Home" lifestyle in rural landscape in traditional Chinese culture. By describing the current conditions of contemporary rural landscape from the aspects of nature, production, settlement and humanity, this paper summarizes the dilemma of the construction of rural landscape. Based on the characteristics of nostalgia, this paper proposes construction strategies for rural landscape from the three aspects: multi-dimensional space, rhythmic order and humanized practices. These strategies clarify the main direction of rural landscape construction in the future.

Key Words nostalgia; rural landscape; ideal vision; realistic dilemma; construction strategy

*华南理工大学亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室自主研究课题项目:传统人居环境下的中国理景艺术研究,项目编号: 2017KB06;国家自然科学基金资助项目:岭南汉民系乡村聚落可持续发展度研究,项目编号:51278194。中图分类号 TU982.29文献标识码 A

DOI 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0232.2018.01.088 文章编号 1000-0232(2018)01-0088-06

作者简介 1 博士研究生,电子邮箱:sherrychen2014@126.com;2 教授;1&2华南理工大学建筑学院、亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室;2广州市景观建筑重点实验室,

作为农业大国,“三农”问题一直是中国关注的焦点,从 2005 年全面开展“建设社会主义新农村”工作开始,农村建设工作更加如火如荼的展开。但由于缺乏针对我国乡村规划的相关理论指导,往往在实践过程中照搬城市规划设计理论,以人为高度控制的硬性指标抹杀

官方网站 www.nfjzbjb.com 融于环境的柔性基因,使当代乡村建设显现出种种不足。乡村景观作为其中重要的一部分,也呈现出了许多问题。从城乡统筹的角度出发,乡村景观呈现的问题同样将反噬到城市建设中。在城市建设面临人口扩大、资源环境紧缩等问题的当下,乡村景观生态格局逐渐地破碎、断

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