高速公路景观对驾驶人操作表现和心理健康的影响

South Architecture - - 风景园林 - 1 2 3 4 李良 何江华 张恬 姜斌 Li Liang He Jianghua Zhang Tian Jiang Bin

Influences of Highway Landscape on Driver Performance and Mental Health Status

摘要 大量的交通事故分析结果表明高速公路景观对驾驶表现和心理健康影响显著。通过近十年来高速路景观对驾驶表现和心理健康影响的相关文献整理分析后得出:沿线绿化景观 (绿量、色彩、空间关系)对驾驶人产生多方面的行为和心理影响,包括对驾驶人信息感知、驾驶操作、判断决策以及短期或长期的心理健康产生影响。此外,还发现该领域研究方法已从定性转向定量,理论研究转向试验研究;研究重心逐渐由对景观本体关注转向与驾驶人的关系研究,但仍存在内容零散,深度不够的问题。作者希望通过本文为今后我国高速公路景观建设提供借鉴。

关键词 高速公路;环境特征;绿色景观;驾驶表现;心理健康aBsTracT Many traffic accident analysis results show that the highway landscape has a significant influence on driver performance and mental health. By analysis of the literature published over the last 10 years, we concluded that green landscape (e.g., greenness, color, spatial characteristics, and so on) along the highway have a significant influence on drivers' information perception, decision making, driving operation, and acute or chronic mental health status. In addition, it was found that the research methods in this field have shifted from qualitative research to quantitative research, and from theoretical research to experimental research. The focus of research has also gradually shifted from concern with the landscape ontology to the relationship between the driver and the driver; however, the research content is fragmented and there is not enough depth to previous studies. The objective of the present study was to determine and support the correct development of the highway environment in China.

Key Words highway; environmental features; green landscape; driving performance; mental health

*香港政府 GRF_ECS基金项目:使用驾驶模拟技术测量各类高速公路景观对驾驶疲劳、压力和负面情绪的影响,项目编号:27609816。

中图分类号 TU985.18文献标识码 A

DOI 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0232.2018.03.030文章编号 1000-0232(2018)03-0030-04

作者简介 1 副教授;2硕士研究生;1&2西南大学园艺园林学院;3香港英国保诚集团健康咨询顾问,大客户经理;华中农业大学风景园林,本科生;4香港大学建筑学院建筑系园境建筑学部,助理教授;城市环境与健康虚拟现实实验室,主任;通讯作者,电子邮箱:Jiangbin@hku.hk

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